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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
CRUISERS
LEANDER 2 class cruisers (4, 1885 - 1887)


Photo



Leander in her early days

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Leander   378 Napier, Govan 14/6/1880 28/10/1882 29/5/1885 depot ship 1904
Arethusa   379 Napier, Govan 14/6/1880 23/12/1882 29/9/1887 sold to BU 4/1905
Phaeton   380 Napier, Govan 14/6/1880 27/2/1883 20/4/1886 TS 1909, sold 1913
Amphion   207 Pembroke DYd 25/4/1881 13/10/1883 8/1886 sold to BU 5/1906


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

4300

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

91.4 pp 96.0 oa

Breadth, m

14.0

Draught, m

6.25

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 2-cyl HC, direct action, 12 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

5500

Max speed, kts

16.5

Fuel, t

coal 1016

Endurance, nm(kts)

11000(10)

Armour, mmsteel; deck: 38, gunshields: 38
Armament

Leander, Phaeton: 10 x 1 - 152/26 BL Mk III, 10 x 4 - 25/40 Nordenfelt Mk I, 2 x 6 - 11.4/59, 4 x 5 - 11.4/60, 4 - 356 TC

Arethusa: 10 x 1 - 152/26 BL Mk II, 10 x 4 - 25/40 Nordenfelt Mk I, 2 x 6 - 11.4/59, 4 x 5 - 11.4/60, 4 - 356 TC

Amphion: 10x 1 - 152/26 BL Mk IV/VI, 10 x 4 - 25/40 Nordenfelt Mk I, 2 x 6 - 11.4/59, 4 x 5 - 11.4/60, 4 - 356 TC

Complement

278



Standard scale images


<i>Leander </i>1897
Leander 1897


Graphics


<i>Leander </i>in her early days
Leander in her early days


Ship project history


Repeats of Mercury but modified to include a protective deck and improved machinery and armament. Originally classified as despatch vessels, they were redesignated second class cruisers prior to completion. The arrangement of the hull and subdivision was as in the previous class except that the lower deck over the length of the machinery compartments (50.3m) was constructed of 38mm thick plating with sloped sides to deflect shells entering at the water-line. The 152mm guns were mounted on each side of the main deck with those furthest forward and aft fitted on central pivot mounts and the remainder on broadside mounts. The end guns were positioned in sponsons to provide ahead and astern fire and were protected by 38mm shields as defence against machine guns.     After trials with the Phaeton, the funnels were raised by 1.8m to improve the draught to the boilers and subsequently all exceeded the designed speed, averaging 17-18kts on trial. The improved economy of the TE engine and an increase in the maximum coal stowage gave an endurance of 11000nm at 10kis, a substantial improvement on the Mercury which had been criticized in this respect. They were good steam vessels but poor sea boats with a heavy roll in certain conditions of sea. They carried a barque rig identical to that in Mercury and retained their yards until the late 1890s.

Ship protection


The lower deck over the length of the machinery compartments (50.3m) was constructed of 38mm thick plating with sloped sides to deflect shells entering at the water-line. Also 152mm guns had 38mm thick shields.

Modernizations


1880s, Leander, Phaeton, Amphion: - 4 x 4 - 25/40; + 4 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I

1880s, Arethusa: - 8 x 4 - 25/40; + 8 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I

1890s, all: barque rig was replaced by military masts

Naval service


Phaeton was sold in 1913 and became TS Indefatigable; she was repurchased in 1941 and renamed Carrick II, serving as a Royal Navy TS throughout the Second World War.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.

in her early days