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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
CRUISERS
GEM 3 class cruisers (TOPAZE) (4, 1904 - 1905)


Photo



Sapphire as completed

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Topaze P29, P2A, P1C 653 Laird, Birkenhead 14.8.1902 23.7.1903 11.1904 sold 9.1921
Amethyst P00, P02 735 Armstrong, Elswick 7.1.1903 5.11.1903 17.3.1905 sold 10.1920
Diamond N61, N33, 32, N70 654 Laird, Birkenhead 24.3.1903 6.1.1904 1.1905 sold 5.1921
Sapphire N78, N89 775 Palmer, Jarrow 30.3.1903 17.3.1904 7.2.1905 sold 5.1921


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

3000

Displacement full, t 
Length, m

109.7 pp 113.9 oa

Breadth, m

12.2

Draught, m

4.42

No of shafts

Topaze, Diamond, Sapphire: 2

Amethyst: 3

Machinery

Topaze, Diamond: 2 4-cyl VTE, 10 Laird-Normand boilers

Amethyst: 3 Parsons steam turbines, 10 Yarrow boilers

Sapphire: 2 4-cyl VTE, 10 Reed boilers

Power, h. p.

Topaze, Diamond, Sapphire: forced draught: 9800

Amethyst: forced draught: 12000

Max speed, kts

Topaze, Diamond, Sapphire: forced draught: 21.7

Amethyst: forced draught: 22.5

Fuel, t

coal 750

Endurance, nm(kts)

Topaze, Diamond, Sapphire: 7000(10)

Amethyst: 5500(10)

Armour, mmdeck: 51 - 19, gunshields: 25, CT: 76
Armament

12 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk III, 8 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 4 x 1 - 7.7/94, 2 - 450 TT (beam aw)

Complement

296



Standard scale images


<i>Amethyst </i>1905
Amethyst 1905


Graphics


<i>Sapphire </i>as completed
Sapphire as completed


Project history

The Gem class were the last and largest of Britain's 3rd class cruisers. Topaze and Amethyst were ordered under the 1902/03 Programme and the other pair under the 1903/04 Programme, while a further four projected vessels were cancelled. In general they followed the style of earlier ships but were faster, carried more guns, were better protected and had improved seakeeping qualities. Two of the 102mm guns were fitted on the centreline of the forecastle and poop while the remainder were equally disposed along each side of the upper deck. The 47mm guns were mounted 4 on each side with 1 on the forecastle, 2 in the waist and 1 on the poop.

Amethyst was the first warship larger than a destroyer to be fitted with turbines, a modification decided upon so that she could be used for comparative trials with her TE-engined sisters. Turbines were more economic on fuel at high powers but less economic at low powers, and to compensate for this she was also fitted with cruising turbines which gave her an endurance of 5500nm at 10kts compared with 7000nm in her sisters; however, at 20kts her endurance was 3000nm compared with 2000nm in the others. On trials she achieved 23.4kts with 14,200shp and subsequently proved the most reliable ship of the class. All the remaining ships exceeded 22kts on trials, averaging 10,000ihp.

Ship protection

The protective deck was 25mm on the flat and 51mm on the slope amidships, reducing to 19mm flat and 25mm slope at the ends.

Modernizations

1918, Diamond: + 6 CMB-40 MTBs on davits

Naval service

Diamond in 1918 was used as a 'CMB carrier' with 6 40ft CMBs carried in davits.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.