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POBEDITEL destroyers (1915 - 1916)


Photo



Grom 1916

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Победитель [Pobeditel], 12.1922- Володарский [Volodarskiy]     Metal Wks, Kolpino 11.1913 5.11.1914 11.1915 sunk 28.8.1941
Забияка [Zabiyaka], 12.1922- Урицкий [Uritskiy] 06   Metal Wks, Kolpino 11.1913 5.11.1914 11.1915 training hulk 3.1951
Гром [Grom]     Metal Wks, Kolpino 11.1913 28.6.1915 5.1916 sunk 14.10.1917
Орфей [Orfey]     Metal Wks, Kolpino 11.1914 28.6.1915 5.1916 damaged 11.1917, never repaired
Летун [Letun]     Metal Wks, Kolpino 11.1914 18.10.1915 7.1916 damaged 12.10.1916, never repaired
Десна [Desna], 12.1922- Энгельс [Engels]     Metal Wks, Kolpino 11.1914 7.11.1915 8.1916 sunk 24.8.1941
Азард [Azard], 12.1922- Зиновьев [Zinovyev], 11.1928- Артём [Artyom]     Metal Wks, Kolpino 7.1915 5.6.1916 10.1916 sunk 28.8.1941
Самсон [Samson], 12.1922- Сталин [Stalin]     Metal Wks, Kolpino 7.1915 5.6.1916 12.1916 training hulk 12.1946


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

1260

Displacement full, t1450
Length, m

98.0

Breadth, m

9.34

Draught, m

3.22

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 AEG steam turbines, 4 Vulkan boilers

Power, h. p.

30000

Max speed, kts

35

Fuel, t

oil 350

Endurance, nm(kts)1800(16)
Armament

Pobeditel, Zabiyaka, Grom, Orfey: 2 x 1 - 102/60, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, 4 x 3 - 450 TT, 80 mines

Letun, Desna, Azard, Samson: 4 x 1 - 102/60, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, 3 x 3 - 450 TT, 80 mines

Complement

112



Standard scale images


<i>Samson</i> 1917
Samson 1917
<i>Grom</i> 1917
Grom 1917


Graphics


<i>Engels</i>
Engels
<i>Grom</i> 1916
Grom 1916
<i>Samson</i>
Samson


Project history

Large batch of turbine-driven destroyers of Imperial  Russian Navy. Built in many series with foreign technical help and possessed a number inter-subclass differences. Common for all ships were artillery (102mm/60 guns), powerful torpedo side salvo (from 8 to 12 450mm torpedoes in twin-and triple mounts) and, except for a lead ship, twin-shaft turbine machinery and a three-funnel outline profile.    Novik was built under the design of Putilov plant and was equipped with triple-shaft Curtis-AEG-Vulkan and 6 Vulkan boilers. At the moment of commission she was one of the largest (1260t), well armed (4 102mm guns and 4 twin 450mm TTs) and fastest ships of this type in the world. On trials she shown average 36.3kts speed (maximum 37.3kts) at 41910hp.     On her construction basis for Black Sea Fleet series of Schastlivy class was designed. They differed by machinery structure (2 shafts and 5 boilers), moderated to 30kts speed and armament structure: 3 102mm guns and 5 twin TTs.     They, in turn, have formed a basis for design of Baltic Fleet Orfey, Leytenant Ilyin and Gavriil classes. Number of boilers on them was moderated to four, and armament in an ultimate variant included 4 102mm guns and 3 triple TTs. The engineering design was developed with the help of Blohm und Voss and Vulkan. At identical general arrangement, dimensions and appearance destroyers differed with type of turbines and boilers: Orfey class had Curtis-AEG-Vulkan turbines and Normand-Vulkan boilers; Leytenant Ilyin class Brown-Boveri-Parsons turbines and Normand boilers; Gavriil class Curtiss-AEG-Vulkan turbines and Normand boilers. On trials the majority of the ships exceeded 31kts.

Modernizations

1916, Pobeditel, Zabiyaka, Grom, Orfey: - 1 x 3 - 450 TT; + 2 x 1 - 102/60

1917, Pobeditel, Grom: + 1 x 1 - 63/36 Obukhov

1917, Zabiyaka, Orfey: + 1 x 1 - 76/28 Lender (8K)

1917, Desna, Azard, Samson: + 1 x 1 - 40/39 Vickers

1924, Volodarskiy: - 1 x 1 - 63/36; + 1 x 1 - 76/28 8K, 1 x 1 - 7.6/94, 2 DCR (10), mine stowage decreased to 58.

1929, Uritskiy: + 2 DCR (10), mine stowage decreased to 58

1932, Engels; 1933, Artyom: - 1 x 1 - 40/39; + 1 x 1 - 76/28 8K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 DCR (10), mine stowage decreased to 58

1936, Stalin: - 1 x 1 - 40/39; + 2 x 1 - 45/43 21K, 2 DCR (10), mine stowage decreased to 58.

1940, Volodarskiy; 1941, Uritskiy: + 4 x 1 - 12.7/79

1941, Stalin: + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 3 x 1 - 12.7/79, 5 x 1 - 7.6/94

1942, Uritskiy: + 1 x 1 - 76/28 8K, 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90, 2 DCT (24 at all)

1944, Uritskiy: - 2 x 1 - 76/28, 1 x 2 - 12.7/90; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K

early 1945, Stalin: - 2 x 1 - 45/43, 3 x 1 - 7.6/94; + 2 x 1 - 37/63 70K, 1 x 1 - 12.7/79

1/1946, Uritskiy: 4 x 1 - 102/60, 4 x 1 - 37/73 70K, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 2 x 1 - 7.6/94, 3 x 3 - 450 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR(24), 58 mines

1/1946, Stalin: 4 x 1 - 102/60, 4 x 1 - 37/73 70K, 4 x 1 - 12.7/79, 4 x 1 - 7.6/94, 3 x 3 - 450 TT, 2 DCR(10), 58 mines

Naval service

Orfey in November, 1917 was mined, later salvaged but never repaired. Grom was sunk 14.10.1917 by gunfire of German ships in Soelo-Sound (Gulf of Riga) channel during Moonsund battle. Orfey, Letun in view of bad technical condition were broken up after the Civil war.

Engels 24.8.1941 was lost on a mine at Yuminda Cape (Gulf of Finland).Artyom and Volodarskiy were lost 28.8.1941 on German mines en route from Tallinn to Kronshtadt.