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AQUILA flotilla leaders (1917 - 1920)


Photo



Nibbio 1919

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Aquila (ex-Vifor) AQ   Pattison, Napoli 11.3.1914 26.7.1917 8.2.1917 to Nationalist Spain 10.1937 (Melilla)
Falco (ex-Viscol)     Pattison, Napoli 19.8.1916 16.8.1919 20.1.1920 to Nationalist Spain 10.1937 (Ceuta)
Nibbio (ex-Vartez)     Pattison, Napoli 15.7.1914 30.1.1918 15.5.1918 to Romania 7.1920 (Mărășești)
Sparviero (ex-Vijelie)     Pattison, Napoli 29.1.1914 25.3.1917 15.7.1917 to Romania 7.1920 (Mărăști)


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

1594

Displacement full, t

Aquila: 1733

others: 1760

Length, m

94.3 wl 94.7 oa

Breadth, m

9.50

Draught, m

3.50 - 3.60

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 Tosi steam turbines, 5 Thornycroft boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kts

34

Fuel, t

oil 270

Endurance, nm(kts)1700(15)
Armament

Aquila, Sparviero: 3 x 1 - 152/40 Ar1889, 4 x 1 - 76/40 A1917, 2 x 1 - 6.5/80, 2 x 2 - 450 TT, 44 mines

Falco: 2 x 2 - 120/45 SA1918-1919, 1 x 1 - 120/45 SA1918, 2 x 1 - 76/40 A1917, 2 x 1 - 6.5/80, 2 x 2 - 450 TT, 38 mines

Nibbio: 3 x 1 - 152/40 Ar1889, 4 x 1 - 76/40 A1917, 2 x 1 - 6.5/80, 2 x 2 - 450 TT, 24 mines

Complement

146



Standard scale images


<i>Aquila</i> 1921
Aquila 1921


Graphics


<i>Nibbio</i> 1919
Nibbio 1919


Project history


Ordered in 1913 by Romania, but requisitioned after joining of Italy into war in June 1915 as scouts. They were one of the strongest destroyers in the world. On trials all have exceeded designed speed: Aquila has shown 36.4kts, Falco 35.2kts, Nibbio 37.4kts, Sparviero 38.04kts. It was originally supposed to arm these ships with 120mm artillery, but shortage of light cruisers has forced to install old 152mm guns on first 3 ships. However, those have appeared too heavy for destroyers, and last ship, Falco, received 120mm/45 guns.

Modernizations


1919, Aquila, Sparviero, Nibbio: - 3 x 1 - 152/40, 2 x 1 - 76/40; + 2 x 2 - 120/45 SA1918-1919, 1 x 1 - 120/45 SA1918

1927, Aquila, Falco: - 1 x 1 - 120/45

Naval service


Aquila and Falco were reclassified as destroyers in September 1938. They were transferred to Spain officially only 6 January 1939.