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TORPEDO SHIPS
"1935 type" torpedo boats (T1) (1939 - 1940)


Photo



T1  

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
T1   1380 Schichau, Elbing 11/1936 17.2.1938 12/1939 sunk 10.4.1945
T2   1381 Schichau, Elbing 11.1936 7.4.1938 12/1939 sunk 29.7.1944
T3   1382 Schichau, Elbing 11.1936 23.6.1938 2/1940 sunk 14.3.1945
T4   1383 Schichau, Elbing 12.1936 15.9.1938 5/1940 surrendered 5.1945, to USA 1.1946, to Denmark 6.1948 (T4)
T5   934 Deschimag, Bremen 12.1936 22.11.1937 1/1940 sunk 14.3.1945
T6   935 Deschimag, Bremen 1/1937 16.12.1937 4/1940 sunk 7.11.1940
T7   936 Deschimag, Bremen 8/1937 18.6.1938 12/1939 sunk 29.7.1944
T8   937 Deschimag, Bremen 8/1937 10.8.1938 10/1939 scuttled 3.5.1945
T9   1393 Schichau, Elbing 11/1936 3.11.1938 7/1940 scuttled 3.5.1945
T10   1394 Schichau, Elbing 11.1936 19.1.1939 8/1940 sunk 18.12.1944
T11   938 Deschimag, Bremen 7/1938 1.3.1939 5/1940 surrendered 5.1945, to UK 12.1945, to France 2.1946 (Bir Hakeim)
T12   939 Deschimag, Bremen 8/1938 12.4.1939 7/1940 surrendered 5.1945, to USSR 12.1945 (Подвижный [Podvizhnyy])


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

T1 - 8: 844

T9 - 12: 839

Displacement full, t

T1 - 8: 1088

T9 - 12: 1082

Length, m

82.2 wl 84.3 oa

Breadth, m

8.62

Draught, m

2.33 normal 2.94 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Wagner geared steam turbines, 4 Wagner boilers

Power, h. p.

31000

Max speed, kts

35

Fuel, t

oil 200

Endurance, nm(kts)1070(19)
Armament

1 x 1 - 105/42 SK C/32, 3 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT (32), 30 mines

Electronic equipmentGHG hydrophone
Complement

119



Standard scale images


<i>T2</i> 1942
T2 1942
<i>T2</i> 1941
T2 1941


Graphics


<i> T1</i>  
T1  


Project history

The original ships which do not have analogues in other navies. They were developed as some kind of high-endurance MTBs that predetermined the requirement of a low outline profile and extremely unbalanced armament (6 TTs at one 105mm gun). Gun had an elevation angle 50° and was fitted on stern, for usage at withdrawal after sudden torpedo attacks. Ships were equipped with high parameters steam machinery with Wagner boilers (70atm, 460°C). They have appeared low seaworthy, and because of an overload made no more than 34.5kts. On the direct assignment they practically were not used.

Modernizations

1941, T2, 4, 7, 9 - 12: stem was lengthened, length oa was 87.1m

early 1942, T4, 8, 10 - 12: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 1 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

late 1942, T4, 8, 10 - 12: - 1 x 1 - 20/65; + 1 x 3 - 533 TT

1943, most survived: + FuMO 28 radar

1944, most survived: + 2x FuMO 63 radars, FuMB 4 Sumatra, FuMB 6 Palau ECM suites

6/1944, T4: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 2 - 37/69 FlaK M/42, 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 1 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

7/1944, T1, 9: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 37/57 FlaK M/43

7/1944, T8, 10, 12: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 2 - 37/69 FlaK M/42, 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 1 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

7/1944, T11: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 40/56 FlaK 28, 2 x 1 - 37/57 FlaK M/43, 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38, 1 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

Naval service

T3 was sunk 18.9.1940 at Le Havre by British aircraft, salvaged in January, 1941 and commissioned again 12.12.1943. T6 was lost 7.10.1940 on British mines at coast of Scotland. T2 and T7 were lost 29.7.1944 during raid of American bombers to Bremen, salvaged 27.9.1944 and 25.10.1944 respectively, but were not repaired. T10 was sunk 18.12.1944 by British bombers at Danzig. T3 and T5 were lost 14.3.1945 in the Danzig Bight on the mines, laid by Soviet submarine L-21. T1 was lost 10.4.1945 during air raid to Kiel. T8 and T9 were damaged 3.5.1945 by British aircraft in Kiel Bight and scuttled by crews.

T4 in 1948 was sold to Denmark and BU in 1951. Т11 in 1946 was transferred to France as Bir Hakeim. T12 was transferred on reparations to the USSR as Podvizhny.