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OURAGAN dock landing ships (1965 - 1968)


Ouragan 1980


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Ouragan L9021   Arsenal de Brest 20.6.1962 9.11.1963 1.6.1965 stricken 7.2009
Orage L9022   Arsenal de Brest 6.1966 22.4.1967 1.4.1968 stricken 7.2009

Technical data

Displacement standard, t


Displacement full, t


Length, m

144.5 pp 149.0 oa

Breadth, m


Draught, m

5.40 min

No of shafts



2 SEMT-Pielstick 12PC-2V diesels

Power, h. p.


Max speed, kts


Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts)



L9021: 2 x 1 - 120/12 mortars, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3, 3 - 13 helicopters on deck (3 Super Frelon or 10 Alouette on main helicopter deck and 1 Super Frelon or 3 Alouette on portable platform)

L9022: 2 x 1 - 120/12 mortars, 3 - 13 helicopters on deck (3 Super Frelon or 10 Alouette on main helicopter deck and 1 Super Frelon or 3 Alouette on portable platform)

Military load

2 EDIC (with 11 light tanks each) or 18 LCM(6) or 1500t of cargo or 18 Super Frelon helicopters or 80 Alouette II helicopters, 470 troops, 3 LCVP

Electronic equipment

L9021: DRBN-32 radar, SQS-17 sonar

L9022: DRBN-32 radar



Standard scale images

<i>Ouragan </i>1980  
Ouragan 1980  


<i>Ouragan </i>1980
Ouragan 1980

Project history

Designated TCD (Transports de Ćhalands de Débarquement) these two vessels were designed with a dual function in mind. They can lift a full commando and its support troops and put them ashore using helicopters; and they can put ashore personnel, tanks, vehicles and supplies using landing craft. While the design was clearly influenced by the American LSD concept, an increase in flexibility was obtained, particularly with regard to the operation of helicopters and the accommodation of vehicles by the use of removable sections of deck both externally and internally.

The docking well was 120m long, and floods to a depth of 3m. The stern gate measured 14x5.5m. Two EDICs, each with a capacity of eleven light tanks, or eighteen LCM(6)s can be accommodated. Movement of the water control sluices and valves was automatic, using pumps controlled from a central command post. A temporary deck 90m long in fifteen sections can be laid out to increase the stowage space for vehicles or cargo, but the well was then reduced to half its original size. In the logistics role, 1500t of equipment can be carried, the cargo being handled by two 35t cranes mounted above the docking well. Alternative loads included eighteen Super Frelons, eighty Alouettes, 120 AMX-13 tanks, eighty-four DUKWs, 340 jeeps or twelve 50t barges.

Instead of the conventional LSD superstructure there was a small island to starboard which accommodated the navigation bridge and a combined centre for directing amphibious and helicopter operations. The main helicopter deck was designed to operate either three Super Frelon troop-carrying helicopters or ten Alouettes. A further Super Frelon or three Alouettes can be operated from a removable deck in six sections which covers the after part of the well for 36m. A total of 349 troops can be transported (470 over short distances), and three LCVPs were carried topsides.

The TCDs were intended to serve as repair and maintenance ships on distant deployments. They can dock a 400t ship and were equipped with hull and machinery repair shops, and electrical and ordnance workshops.


1992, Ouragan: - 2 x 1 - 40/60, DRBN-32 radar, SQS-17 sonar; + 2 x 2 Simbad SAM (8 Mistral), DRBN-34 radar

1992, Orage: - DRBN-32 radar; + 2 x 2 Simbad SAM (8 Mistral), 2 x 1 - 30/82 OTOBreda-Mauser Model F (fitted for, but never installed), DRBN-34 radar

Naval service

No significant events.