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HAI CHI protected cruisers (1899)


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Hai Chi 1932

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
海圻 [Hai Chi]     Armstrong, Elswick, UK 11.11.1896 24.1.1898 10.5.1899 scuttled 11.8.1937
海天 [Hai Tien]     Armstrong, Elswick, UK 16.2.1897 25.11.1897 1899 foundered 25.4.1904


Technical data


Displacement normal, t4300
Displacement full, t4515
Length, m

120.7 pp 129.2 oa

Breadth, m

14.2

Draught, m

5.45

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 VTE, 12 cylindrical boilers (really 4 single-ended and 4 double-ended)

Power, h. p.17000
Max speed, kts24
Fuel, tcoal 1000
Endurance, nm(kts)8000(10)
Armour, mmHarvey steel; deck: 37 with 127-76mm slopes, gunhouses: 114, hoists: 102, shields: 51, CT: 152
Armament

2 x 1 - 203/45 Armstrong T, 10 x 1 - 120/45 Armstrong Y, 16 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 5 - 450 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Complement350


Standard scale images


<i>Hai Chi </i>1905
Hai Chi 1905


Graphics


<i>Hai Chi </i>1932
Hai Chi 1932


Project history

In the end of 1895, after defeat in the Japanese-Chinese war, China started Navy revival. In July, 1896 in the Great Britain two 1st class protected cruisers for Northern fleet were ordered. Armstrong has offered as the sample Argentinean cruiser Buenos Aires, designed by P. Watts. Chinese Hai Chi and Hai Tien differed from a prototype by uniform guns calibre (10 120mm instead of 4 152mm and 6 120mm) and insignificant details of appearance.     Flushdecked, high-freeboard hull with appreciable deck sheer (free board height was 6.2m in a bow, 4.2m amidships and 4.6m at stern).  Rated power was 12500hp at natural and 17000hp at forced draught. On trials Hai Tien made 22.64kts at natural and 24.215kts at forced draught.

Ship protection

Protection was ensured by Harvey-steel armour deck with 37mm thickness in a flat part and 76-127mm slopes. 203mm guns placed in houses with 114mm protection and 102mm protection of ammunition hoists. 120mm guns had 51mm shields.

Modernizations

1920s, Hai Chi: - 4 x 1 - 47/40; + 4 x 1 - 37/27 Maxim

Naval service

Hai Tien was lost as a result of wreck at Shanghai 25.4.1904. Hai Chi in late 1930s was laid up. She was scuttled 11.8.1937 on Yangtze at Jiangyin for fairway barrage.

© Ivan Gogin, 2011-14