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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

SUBMARINES

SHARK submarines (1936)

Tarpon 1944

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
SS174 Shark 19 Electric Boat, Groton 10/1933 21/5/1935 1/1936 sunk 11/2/1942
SS175 Tarpon 20 Electric Boat, Groton 12/1933 4/9/1935 3/1936 Naval Reserve TS 4/1947, stricken 9/1956

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

1315 / 1968

Length, m

88.4 wl 90.8 oa

Breadth, m

7.64

Draught, m

4.60

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 Winton diesel-generators / 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

4300 / 2085

Max speed, kts

19.5 / 8

Fuel, t

diesel oil 347

Endurance, nm (kts) 10000 (10) / 42 (5)

Armament

1 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 17/18, 2 x 1 - 12.7/90, 6 - 533 TT (16, 4 bow, 2 stern)

Sensors

QC, JK sonars

Complement

54

Diving depth operational, m

75

   

Ship project history: Designed on basis of Cachalot class submarines. Dimensions and displacement were notably increased, that allowed to install more powerful diesels and make engine room more spaciously (in comparison with very tight and inconvenient for maintenance engine room on Cachalot). Abandoning from rigid connection of diesel with propeller shaft and transition to an electrical drive became an important innovation of this class also. Introduction of generators on diesel shafts was partly indemnified by abandoning from using of auxiliary diesel-generator serving only for battery recharging. New scheme ensured much more flexible machinery usage, allowing significant expedite process of recharging or to recharge battery almost on full speed. Advantage of diesel-electric gear was showed as in appreciable decrease in vibration. On this class the special attention has been given to improvement of habitability conditions, in particular, for the first time they received air conditioners. Double-hulled.

Financing of building of this class was conducted within the limits of National Industrial Recovery Act accepted in 1933. There existed two detailed designs, developed by Bureau of construction (SS172 and 173) and Electric Boat (SS174 and 175).

Modernizations: 1942 - 1943, Tarpon: CT was rebuilt; - 2 x 1 - 12.7/90; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 - 533 TT (ext stern, 18 torpedoes totally), SD, SJ radars

1/1946, SS175: 8 - 533 TT (4 bow, 2 ster, 2 ext stern, 18), 1 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 11, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SD, SJ radars, QC, JK sonars

Naval service: Shark was sunk 11/2/1942 in 120nm E from Celebes by Japanese destroyer Yamakaze. Tarpon foundered 26/8/1957 under tow for scrap.

Tarpon 1937

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15