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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT
GILLIAM amphibious personnel transports (1944 - 1945)


Photo



Crenshaw

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
APA57 Gilliam 720 Consolidated, Wilmington 1943 28.3.1944 7.1944 sunk at nuclear tests 1.7.1946
APA58 Appling 721 Consolidated, Wilmington 1943 9.4.1944 8.1944 stricken 4.1947
APA59 Audrain 722 Consolidated, Wilmington 12.1943 21.4.1944 8.1944 stricken 8.1947
APA60 Banner 723 Consolidated, Wilmington 1.1944 3.5.1944 9.1944 target at nuclear tests 7.1946
APA61 Barrow 724 Consolidated, Wilmington 1.1944 11.5.1944 9.1944 target at nuclear tests 7.1946
APA62 Berrien 725 Consolidated, Wilmington 2.1944 20.5.1944 10.1944 stricken 8.1947
APA63 Bladen 726 Consolidated, Wilmington 3.1944 31.5.1944 10.1944 stricken 10.1953
APA64 Bracken 727 Consolidated, Wilmington 3.1944 10.6.1944 10.1944 scuttled 10.3.1948
APA65 Briscoe 728 Consolidated, Wilmington 3.1944 19.6.1944 10.1944 sunk as target 6.5.1948
APA66 Brule 729 Consolidated, Wilmington 4.1944 30.6.1944 10.1944 sunk as target 11.5.1948
APA67 Burleson 730 Consolidated, Wilmington 4.1944 11.7.1944 11.1944 stricken 9.1968
APA68 Butte 731 Consolidated, Wilmington 5.1944 20.7.1944 11.1944 target at nuclear tests 7.1946
APA69 Carlisle 732 Consolidated, San Pedro 1944 30.7.1944 11.1944 target at nuclear tests 7.1946
APA70 Carteret 733 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 15.8.1944 11.1944 sunk as target 19.4.1948
APA71 Catron 734 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 28.8.1944 11.1944 sunk as target 6.5.1948
APA72 Clarendon 735 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 12.9.1944 12.1944 to Maritime Comm. 9.1946
APA73 Cleburne 736 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 27.9.1944 12.1944 to Maritime Comm. 7.1947
APA74 Colusa 737 Consolidated, San Pedro 1944 7.10.1944 12.1944 stricken 3.1947
APA75 Cortland 738 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 18.10.1944 12.1944 to Maritime Comm. 3.1948
APA76 Crenshaw 739 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 27.10.1944 1.1945 to Maritime Comm. 6.1946
APA77 Crittenden 740 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 6.11.1944 1.1945 scuttled 5.10.1947
APA78 Cullman 741 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 17.11.1944 2.1945 stricken 7.1946
APA79 Dawson 742 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 27.11.1944 2.1945 sunk as target 19.4.1948
APA80 Elkhart 743 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 5.12.1944 2.1945 to Maritime Comm. 6.1946
APA81 Fallon 744 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 14.12.1944 2.1945 scuttled 11.3.1948
APA82 Fergus 745 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 24.12.1944 2.1945 to Maritime Comm. 9.1947
APA83 Fillmore 746 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 4.1.1945 3.1945 to Maritime Comm. 4.1948
APA84 Garrard 747 Consolidated, Wilmington 10.1944 13.1.1945 3.1945 stricken 5.1946
APA85 Gasconade 748 Consolidated, Wilmington 11.1944 23.1.1945 3.1945 sunk as target 21.7.1948
APA86 Geneva 749 Consolidated, Wilmington 1944 31.1.1945 3.1945 stricken 2.1947
APA87 Niagara 750 Consolidated, Wilmington 11.1944 10.2.1945 3.1945 sold 2.1950
APA88 Presidio 751 Consolidated, Wilmington 12.1944 17.2.1945 4.1945 stricken 8.1947


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

4247

Displacement full, t

6800 - 7080

Length, m

121.9 wl 129.9 oa

Breadth, m

17.7

Draught, m

4.72

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 Westinghouse turbine-generators, 2 electric motors, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

6000

Max speed, kts

18

Fuel, t

oil 1475

Endurance, nm(kts)

5256(15)

Armament

1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

Military load

13 LCVP, 1 LCPL, 1 LCPR, 600 t of cargo, 986 marines

Electronic equipmentpresumably SF or SG or SO or SU radar
Complement

283



Standard scale images


<i>nearly sister-ship Artemis</i> 1945
nearly sister-ship Artemis 1945


Graphics


<i>Crenshaw</i>
Crenshaw


Project history

USN military transport vessels were sectioned into two groups: АР for transportation of troops and АК for carriage of goods and technics. The majority of them were built on the basis of standard types С2, С3 and С4 and differed from usual cargo ships a little.

For delivery of troops and cargoes directly to a beaching place assault landing transport ships (АРА and АКА) served, which main difference from АК and АР consisted that they were extra equipped with disembarkation craft of LCVP, LCM and LCP (L) types; with their help delivery of people and cargoes to beach also was effected.

Originally similar ships were not outlined in own subclass and were registered as АР and АК. In February, 1943 reorganisation was done and assault transports have received indexation АРА and АКА.

Two ships of Doyen class, projected even on the eve of war for landing operations in Caribbean basin, became the first American assault military transports. The overwhelming majority of remaining АРА and АКА has been converted from merchant cargo and cargo-passenger vessels or constructed in hulls of standard cargo vessels built by the big series in days of war. An exception were specially projected as assault transports Gilliam (АРА) and Artemis (АКА) classes.

Besides the large landing transport ships of АРА and АКА classes, small landing parties and subversive groups were landed by fast landing transports (APD) converted from become outdated Wickes and Clemson classes destroyers and destroyer escorts of Buckley and Rudderow classes.

Gilliam class transports belonged to purpose built S4-SE2-BD1 type.

Modernizations

None.

1/1946: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 4 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SF or SG or SO or SU radar

Naval service

No significant events.