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fighting ships of the world

YUGOSLAVIAN NAVY (YUGOSLAVIA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

BEOGRAD destroyers (1939)

Beograd 1939

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Београд <Beograd> 585 A C de la Loire, Nantes, France 1936 23/12/1937 8/1939 captured by Italy 17/4/1941 (Sebenico)
Загреб <Zagreb> 22 Jadranska Brodogradilista, Split 1936 30/3/1938 4/1939 blown up 17/4/1941
Љубљана <Ljubljana> 23 Jadranska Brodogradilista, Split 1936 28/6/1938 9/1939 captured by Itlay 17/4/1941 (Lubiana)

 

Displacement standard, t

1210

Displacement full, t

1655

Length, m

96.4 wl 98.0 oa

Breadth, m

9.45

Draught, m

3.18 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Beograd: Curtiss geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Ljublyana, Zagreb: Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

44000

Max speed, kts

38

Fuel, t

oil 120

Endurance, nm(kts) 1200(16)?

Armament

4 x 1 - 120/43 Škoda, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors, 2 x 1 - 15/80, 2 x 3 - 550 TT, 30 mines, 1 DCR

Complement

145

Ship project history: In first half of 1930s Yugoslavian shipbuilding programs have been reoriented on France. In the early 1936 the order on 3 destroyers has been given out, and lead ship should be built at Nantes, and others two at Split with French help. They received names in honour of capitals of Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.

   Project of "1210t destroyer" was created by designers of A C de la Loire on basis of French destroyer L`Adroit. Number and form of funnels became the basic visible difference from a prototype, therefore outwardly they resembled French destroyers a little. Low stability because of considerable top weight appeared a significant lack.

   On armament structure Beograd class destroyers practically completely differed from first Yugoslavian destroyer Dubrovnik. 140mm guns of the latter were too heavy for new, smaller ships, therefore they were armed by 120mm/46 Škoda guns on shielded mounts. The tight arrangement of main guns remains a bright reminder about French origin of project. As AA armament new 47mm Škoda MGs were originally planned, but 40mm/56 Bofors MGs, installed also on Orjen class MTBs, were finally used. Torpedo armament was designed under French standard: 2 triple 550mm TTs for 1923DT torpedoes. Boilers were placed in two rooms (1 boiler in fore room, 2 in aft one), turbines in two engine rooms arranged in en echelon. On trials Beograd reached 39kts. Original endurance data is absent, but Italian trials in 1941 shown low enough result: 1200(16)nm.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Ljubljana was wrecked as result of navigating accident at Shibenik 24/1/1940, but was salvaged 10/7/1940 and towed off on repair to Tivot where 17/4/1941 she was captured by Italians. Beograd 6/4/1941 was damaged by German diving bombers at Shibenik; she arrived on repair to Kotor where 17/4/1941 was captured by Italian troops. Zagreb 17/4/1941 was blown up by her officers in Kotor Bay. Beograd and Ljubljana were commissioned by Italian Navy as Sebenico and Lubiana. Lubiana was lost 1/4/1943. Sebenico in September, 1943 was captured by German troops, renamed TA43 and scuttled at Triest 1/5/1945.

Beograd 1939

 

© Ivan Gogin, 2009-15