fighting ships of the world



ZMAJ seaplane tender (1930)

Zmaj 1941

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
<Zmaj> 118 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg, Germany 1928 22/6/1929 20/8/1930 captured by Germany 17/4/1941 (Drache)


Displacement standard, t


Displacement full, t


Length, m

76.5 pp 83.0 oa

Breadth, m


Draught, m

3.50 mean 4.00 max

No of shafts



MAN diesels

Power, h. p.


Max speed, kts


Fuel, t

diesel oil 140

Endurance, nm(kts) 4000(10)


2 x 1 - 83/52 Škoda M.29, 2 x 2 - 40/65 Škoda, 1 - 2 seaplanes (Moth DH.60)



Aircraft facilities: hangar can contain 1 Moth seaplane, large land-based seaplanes were serviced on deck. Ship plane and land-based seaplanes were handled by 6.5t crane. There are well-found facilities for repair and maintenance of aircraft.

Ship project history: Ordered in early 1928 as depot ship for 10 seaplanes and fast seaplanes rescue ship. One of first specialised purpose-built ships of similar assignment. Zmaj had original construction subsequently developed in projects of German ships Krischan and Gunter Plüschow. High-freeboard hull (7.65m amidships), with long forecastle. Amidships there was hangar containing 1 De Havilland DH.60 Moth, and in aft part spacious shipway-deck on which it was possible to lift seaplanes for repair. For seaplanes handling 6.5t crane served, installed on a break of forecastle. Ship had well arranged workshop for small repair of aircrafts and motors, storehouse of spare parts and the tank for aviation petrol. As it was forbidden to Germany to build combat ships on export, at building Zmaj was classified as "auxiliary motorship" and she arrived to Yugoslavia without armament. Thanks to strong armament, Zmaj was rated as battle ship, instead of auxiliary. In 1937 it was offered to fit minelaying equipment: according to calculations, ship could carry up to 100 mines, however before war, works, most likely, have not been conducted.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: 17/4/1941 Zmaj was captured by German troops at Split, 7/8/1941 commissioned by Kriegsmarine as Drache, in 1942 she was converted to minelayer. Drache was sunk by British aircraft at Samos 22/9/1944.




Ivan Gogin, 2009-15