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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

SUBMARINES

SALMON submarines (1937-1938)

Salmon 1938

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
SS182 Salmon 26 Electric Boat, Groton 4/1936 12/6/1937 3/1938 stricken 10/1945
SS183 Seal 27 Electric Boat, Groton 5/1936 25/8/1937 4/1938 Naval Reserve TS 6/1947, stricken 5/1956
SS184 Skipjack 28 Electric Boat, Groton 7/1936 23/10/1937 6/1938 target at nuclear tests 7/1946, sunk as target 11/8/1948
SS185 Snapper   Portsmouth N Yd 7/1936 24/8/1937 12/1937 stricken 4/1948
SS186 Stingray   Portsmouth N Yd 10/1936 6/10/1937 3/1938 stricken 7/1946
SS187 Sturgeon   Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 10/1936 15/3/1938 6/1938 stricken 3/1948

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

1449 / 2210

Length, m

91.4 wl 93.9 oa

Breadth, m

7.98

Draught, m

4.75

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 Hoover, Owens, Rentschler diesels / 4 electric motors

Power, h. p.

5500 / 2660

Max speed, kts

21 / 9

Fuel, t

diesel oil 384

Endurance, nm (kts) 11000 (10) / 96 (2)

Armament

1 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 17/18, 2 x 1 - 12.7/90, 8 - 533 TT (24 torpedoes or 32 mines, 4 bow, 4 stern)

Sensors

QCC, JK sonars

Complement

59

Diving depth operational, m

75

   

Ship project history: Salmon class submarines represented increased version of orpoise class with more powerful machinery, two additional stern TTs (8 at all) and increased to 24 torpedo stowage. In their construction it have returned to diesels with mechanical shaft drive (through a special hydraulic clutch). The similar decision was a tribute to the fears advanced by a number of experts, about insufficient damage tolerance of electrical transmission which could be easily incapacitated at any power cable damage. Double-hulled, built under the FY1936 program.

Modernizations: 1942 - 1943, all survived: CT was rebuilt; - 1 x 1 - 76/50, 2 x 1 - 12.7/90; + 1 x 1 - 102/50 Mk 9 or 1 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 17, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, SD, SJ radars

1/1946, SS183-187: 8 - 533 TT (4 bow, 4 stern, 24), 1 x 1 - 102/50 Mk 12 or 1 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 40, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SD, SJ radars, QCC, JK sonars

Naval service: Skipjack in July, 1946 was sunk at nuclear test at Bikini. She was salvaged and again sunk 11/8/1948 as target but stricken only 13/9/1948.

Sturgeon 1938

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15