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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

MINE WARFARE SHIPS

"BIRD" minesweepers (1918-1920)

Lapwing 1918

Thrush 1943

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
AM1, 1/1936- AVP1 Lapwing   Todd SB, Brooklyn 10/1917 14/3/1918 6/1918 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 1946
AM2 Owl   Todd SB, Brooklyn 10/1917 4/3/1918 7/1918 tug AT137 6/1942
AM3 Robin   Todd SB, Brooklyn 3/1918 17/6/1918 8/1918 tug AT140 6/1942
AM4 Swallow   Todd SB, Brooklyn 3/1917 4/7/1918 10/1918 wrecked 19/2/1938
AM5 Tanager   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 9/1917 2/3/1918 6/1918 sunk 4/5/1942
AM6 Cardinal   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 10/1917 29/3/1918 8/1918 wrecked 6/6/1923
AM7 Oriole   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 3/1918 3/7/1918 11/1918 tug AT136 6/1942
AM8 Curlew   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 4/1918 29/8/1918 1/1919 wrecked 15/12/1925
AM9 Finch   Standard SB, Shooters Is 8/1917 30/3/1918 9/1918 sunk 6/5/1942, captured by Japanese (第103号哨戒艇 <103-go>)
AM10, 1/1936- AVP2 Heron   Standard SB, Shooters Is 8/1917 18/3/1918 10/1918 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 12/1946
AM11 Condor   Standard SB, Shooters Is --- --- --- cancelled 12/1918
AM12 Plover   Standard SB, Shooters Is --- --- --- cancelled 12/1918
AM13 Turkey   Chester SB 8/1917 30/4/1918 12/1918 tug AT143 6/1942
AM14 Woodcock   Chester SB 10/1917 12/5/1918 2/1919 tug AT145 6/1942
AM15 Quail   Chester SB 5/1918 6/10/1918 4/1919 sunk 6/5/1942
AM16 Partridge   Chester SB 5/1918 15/10/1918 6/1919 tug AT138 6/1942
AM17 Eider   Pusey & Jones, Wilmington 9/1917 26/5/1918 1/1919 gate vessel YNG20 10/1940
AM18, 1/1936- AVP3 Thrush   Pusey & Jones, Wilmington 5/1918 15/9/1918 4/1919 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 1/1946
AM19, 1/1936- AVP4 Avocet   Baltimore SB 9/1917 9/3/1918 9/1919 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 1946
AM20 Bobolink   Baltimore SB 10/1917 15/6/1918 1/1919 tug AT131 6/1942
AM21 Lark   Baltimore SB 3/1918 6/8/1918 4/1919 tug AT168 3/1944
AM22 Widgeon   Sun SB, Chester 10/1917 5/5/1918 7/1918 submarine rescue vessel ASR1 9/1929
AM23, 1/1936- AVP5 Teal   Sun SB, Chester 10/1917 25/5/1918 8/1918 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 12/1946
AM24 Brant   Sun SB, Chester 12/1917 30/5/1918 9/1918 tug AT132 6/1942
AM25 Kingfisher   Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 12/1917 30/3/1918 5/1918 tug AT135 6/1942
AM26 Rail   Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 12/1917 25/4/1918 6/1918 tug AT139 6/1942
AM27, 1/1936- AVP6 Pelican   Gas Engine & Power Co, Morris Heights 11/1917 12/6/1918 10/1918 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 12/1945
AM28 Falcon   Gas Engine & Power Co, Morris Heights 11/1917 7/9/1918 11/1918 submarine rescue vessel ASR2 9/1929
AM29 Osprey   Gas Engine & Power Co, Morris Heights 11/1917 14/11/1918 1/1919 survey vessel Pioneer 4/1922
AM30 Seagull   Gas Engine & Power Co, Morris Heights 6/1918 24/12/1918 3/1919 tug AT141 6/1942
AM31 Tern   Gas Engine & Power Co, Morris Heights 9/1918 22/3/1919 5/1919 tug AT142 6/1942
AM32 Flamingo   New Jersey DD & T Co, Gloucester City 10/1917 24/8/1918 2/1919 survey vessel Guide 1/1923
AM33 Penguin   New Jersey DD & T Co, Gloucester City 11/1918 12/6/1919 11/1919 sunk 8/12/1941
AM34, 1/1936- AVP7 Swan   Alabama SB & DD Co, Mobile 12/1917 4/7/1918 1/1919 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 1/1946
AM35 Whippoorwill   Alabama SB & DD Co, Mobile 12/1917 4/7/1919 4/1919 tug AT169 3/1944
AM36 Bittern   Alabama SB & DD Co, Mobile 12/1917 15/2/1919 5/1919 sunk 10/12/1941
AM37 Sanderling   Todd SB, Brooklyn 5/1918 2/9/1918 12/1918 wrecked 26/6/1937
AM38 Auk   Todd SB, Brooklyn 6/1918 28/9/1918 1/1919 survey vessel 4/1922
AM39 Chewink   Todd SB, Brooklyn 7/1918 21/12/1918 4/1919 submarine rescue vessel ASR3 9/1929
AM40 Cormorant   Todd SB, Brooklyn 9/1918 5/2/1919 5/1919 tug AT133 6/1942
AM41, 1/1936- AVP8 Gannet   Todd SB, Brooklyn 10/1918 19/3/1919 7/1919 seaplane tender 1/1936, sunk 7/6/1942
AM42 Goshawk   Todd SB, Brooklyn --- --- --- cancelled 12/1918
AM43 Grebe   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 5/1918 17/12/1918 5/1919 tug AT134 6/1942
AM44 Mallard   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 5/1918 17/12/1918 6/1919 submarine rescue vessel ASR4 9/1929
AM45 Ortolan   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 7/1918 30/1/1919 9/1919 submarine rescue vessel ASR5 9/1929
AM46 Peacock   Staten Is SB, Port Richmond 8/1918 8/4/1919 12/1919 collision 24/8/1940
AM47 Pigeon   Baltimore SB 6/1918 29//1919 7/1919 submarine rescue vessel ASR6 9/1929
AM48 Redwing   Baltimore SB 8/1918 7/6/1919 10/1919 Coast Guard tug WAT48 5/1924
AM49 Raven   Baltimore SB 1918 --- --- cancelled 12/1918
AM50 Shrike   Baltimore SB --- --- --- cancelled 12/1918
AM51, 1/1936- AVP9 Sandpiper   Philadelphia N Yd 11/1918 28/4/1919 10/1919 seaplane tender 1/1936, stricken 4/1946
AM52 Vireo   Philadelphia N Yd 11/1918 26/5/1919 10/1919 tug AT144 6/1942
AM53 Warbler   Philadelphia N Yd 4/1919 30/7/1919 12/1919 rescue vessel ARS11 9/1941
AM54 Willet   Philadelphia N Yd 5/1919 11/9/1919 1/1920 rescue vessel ARS12 9/1941

 

Displacement normal, t

950

Displacement full, t

1400

Length, m

57.6

Breadth, m

10.8

Draught, m

3.80

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 VTE, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

1400

Max speed, kts

13.5

Fuel, t

coal
Endurance, nm (kts) 6850 (8)

Armament

2 x 1 - 76/50 Mk III/V/VI, 2 x 1 - 7.6/90, mechanical minesweeping gear, mines

Complement

85

Ship project history: Universal minesweepers/tugs of Bird class were designed in 1916.

Modernizations: 1936, Lapwing, Heron, Thrush, Avocet, Teal, Pelican, Swan, Gannet and Sandpiper were converted to seaplane tenders: minesweeping equipment was removed, ships were can supply and repair seaplanes.

1942 - 1943, all survived: + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, SO or SU radar

1942 - 1943, all survived seaplane tenders: + 2 DCR

1/1946, AVP: 2 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 3/5/6, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 DCR, SO or SU radar

Naval service: Warbler and Willet served as rescue tugs from 1920. Cardinal grounded on a reef off Chirikof Island (Dutch Harbor) 6/6/1923. Curlew grounded on the rocks at Point Mosquito, Panama, 15/12/1925. Sanderling sank accidentally 26/6/1937. Swallow ran aground at Kanaga Island (Aleutian) 19/2/1938. Peacock collided with Norwegian s/s Hindonger 24/8/1940. Penguin 8/12/1941 foundered in harbour of Guam being damaged by Japanese aircraft. Bittern 10/12/1941 was badly damaged by Japanese aircraft and 8/4/1942 scuttled off Corregidor. Tanager 4/5/1942 was scuttled at Manila. Finch 6/5/1942 was sunk at Corregidor (under other data, 10/4/1942 she was lost at coast of Philippines), salvaged by Japanese, repaired and commissioned in April, 1943 as patrol ship no103; she was sunk 12/1/1945 by American aircraft. Quail 6/5/1942 was scuttled at Corregidor. Gannet 7/6/1942 near Bermuda was sunk by German submarine U653.

Tern

AVP3 Thrush

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15