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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

BALTIMORE protected cruiser (1890)

Baltimore 1890

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
C3, 7/1920- CM1 Baltimore Cramp, Philadelphia 5/5/1887 6/10/1888 7/1/1890 minelayer 1914, stricken 10/1937

 

Displacement normal, t

4413

Displacement full, t

5436

Length, m

102.1

Breadth, m

14.8

Draught, m

5.94 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

HTE, 4 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

10750

Max speed, kts

19

Fuel, t

coal 1144

Endurance, nm(kts) 5000(10)

Armour, mm

steel - deck: 64 with 102mm slopes, CT: 76

Armament

4 x 1 - 203/31 Mk II, 6 x 1 - 152/30 Mk III, 4 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I/II, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I/Driggs-Schroeder Mk I, 2 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss Mk I

Complement

386

Ship project history: Authorised under the Act of 3/8/1886. Based on an Elswick design which was unsuccessful in the competition for the ill-fated Spanish cruiser Reina Regente. The 4  203mm were in sponsons from forecastle and poop and the 152mm in sponsons from the upper deck amidships.

Ship protection: The protective deck was 64mm with 102mm slopes amidships and the CT 76mm.

Modernizations: (1900-1903): - 4 x 1 - 203/31, 6 x 1 - 152/30; + 12 x 1 - 152/41 Mk VII, old boilers were replaced by 8 Babcock & Wilcox

(1913 - 1914, Charleston N Yd): cruiser was rebuilt as minelayer. Armament consisted of 8 x 1 -127/40 Mk III, 180 mines.

to 1919: - 8 x 1 - 127/40; + 4 x 1 - 127/51 Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 76/52 Mk X

Naval service:  Baltimore was decommissioned in 1922 but sold for scrap only in February, 1942. She served as a receiving ship at Charleston in 1911-1912, and was converted to a minelayer at that yard in 1913 1914. During the First World War Baltimore took part in laying the Northern Mine Barrage. Decommissioned at Pearl Harbor in 1922, Baltimore was not sold for 20 years. She was perhaps the best of the US Cruisers laid down in the 1880s.

 

 

Baltimore

Ivan Gogin, 2014