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FARRAGUT destroyers (1934 - 1935)


Photo



  Monaghan 1937

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD348 Farragut (ex-Smith, ex-Farragut) 1448 Bethlehem, Quincy 9/1932 15.3.1934 6/1934 stricken 1.1947
DD349 Dewey (ex-Phelps, ex-Dewey) 154 Bath Iron Wks 12/1932 28.7.1934 10/1934 stricken 11.1945
DD350 Hull   New York N Yd, Brooklyn 3/1933 31.1.1934 1/1935 foundered 18.12.1944
DD351 MacDonough   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 5/1933 22.8.1934 3/1935 stricken 11.1945
DD352 Worden   Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 12/1932 27.10.1934 1/1935 wrecked 12.1.1943
DD353 Dale   New York N Yd, Brooklyn 2/1934 23.1.1935 6/1935 stricken 11.1945
DD354 Monaghan   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 11/1933 9.1.1935 4/1935 foundered 18.12.1944
DD355 Aylwin   Philadelphia N Yd 9/1933 10.7.1934 3/1935 stricken 11.1945


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

1358

Displacement full, t

2064

Length, m

101.8 wl 104.0 oa

Breadth, m

10.4

Draught, m

3.53

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Curtis geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

42800

Max speed, kts

36.5

Fuel, t

oil 600

Endurance, nm(kts)6500 (12)
Armament

5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 1 - 12.7/90, 2 x 4 - 533 TT

Electronic equipmentQCA sonar
Complement

160



Standard scale images


<i>Aylwin</i> 1942
Aylwin 1942
<i>Dale</i> 1944
Dale 1944


Graphics


  <i>Monaghan</i> 1937
  Monaghan 1937


Project history

After mass-building of Clemson and Wickes classes destroyers in the end of the First World War and soon after the line of development of USN destroyers was interrupted on many years. All means, outlined to navy, expended to building of aircraft carriers, 'Washington' cruisers and battleships modernizations. The usual practice explained as reluctance of Congress to spend money to "unpresentable" ships, and indistinct sights of seamen on what destroyers are necessary to them, has led to that to the beginning of 1930th 'flushdeckers', making a basis of easy naval forces, became outdated.

Design works of new generation destroyer have begun in the first half of 1928 after by the General Board defined her main specifications: 4 127/51mm main guns, one 76mm AA gun, 12 TTs, larger, than at previous classes, dimensions (for improvement of seaworthiness and endurance). Using of machinery with the raised steam parameters (temperature and pressure) was provided. However it was soon found out what to hurry up with design works is not necessary, as it became known, that Congress does not plan assignment on destroyers building neither in 1928, nor in 1929 FYs. Supporters of installation of DP guns artillery used it, they offered replacement of 127/51mm SP guns by AA 127/25mm guns with corresponding fire control system. Similar replacement with that fact was proved, that shooting of destroyer on the big distances will be hardly effective because of its instability as gun platform, and on small distances short-barrelled antiaircraft 127/25mm guns do not yield to long-barrelled 127/51mm.

Designers returned to design work in early 1930. By the end of year some variants with standard displacement from 1350 to 1850t were ready. 127/25mm AA guns were used as main calibre, however soon have refused: by this time the new DP 127/38mm guns were ready which so exceeded short-barrelled 127/25mm gun that has followed immediate deciding to rearm designed ships. Simultaneously three triple TT have given way to two quadruple.

The ultimate variant of new destroyer design was ready in March, 1931. There was a full withdrawal from the ideas included in 'flushdeckers': all armament placed in a centreline, flushdeck hull was refused in favour of more traditional with a forecastle. With a view of the greatest possible economy of displacement longitudinal framing was provided and wide usage of welding instead of a riveting. For the same reasons only two fwd guns had enclosed mounts, aft mounts were opened. Light AA armament was limited by 4 12.7mm MGs, and anti-submarine by sonar and two DCRs (in a wartime installation of additional DCT was planed, for what the deck had necessary reinforcements).

The detailed design was developed by Bethlehem (usual practice of naval shipbuilding of the USA at that time: the Bureau of Construction prepared a sketch design, and working plans were fulfilled by one of private contractors).

Modernizations

mid-1941, all: + 2 DCR (14)

1942-1944, almost all survived: + SC, SG, Mk 12.22 radars

5 - 9.1942, all: - 1 x 1 - 127/38 (No 3), 4 x 1 - 12.7/90; + 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 4 DCT (48 DC at all)

late 1942, all: - 3 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2. Full displacement was 2307-2335t.

1/1946, DD348: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 21, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 5 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (48), SC, SG, Mk 12.22 radars, QCA sonar

Naval service

Worden during landing at Aleutian 12.1.1943 was wrecked on coastal rocks at Amchitka island. Hull and Monaghan 18.12.1944 were lost during a typhoon off Luzon.

MacDonough 10.5.1943 was damaged in collision with destroyer-minelayer Sicard (engine rooms and aft boiler room were foundered) and was under repair till the end of a year.