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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

OLYMPIA protected cruiser (1895)

Olympia 1898

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
C6, 7/1920- CA15, 8/1921- CL15 Olympia Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 17/6/1891 5/11/1892 5/2/1895 miscellaneous auxiliary 6/1931
  

Displacement normal, t

5865

Displacement full, t

6558

Length, m

104.9

Breadth, m

16.2

Draught, m

6.55 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 6 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

13500

Max speed, kts

20

Fuel, t

coal 1093

Endurance, nm(kts) 13000(10)

Armour, mm

Harvey and nickel steel - deck: 51 with 121 (amidships)-76mm (ship ends) slopes, engines glacises: 102, turrets: 89, barbettes: 114, shields: 102, ammunition tubes: 76, CT: 127

Armament

2 x 2 - 203/37 Mk III, 10 x 1 - 127/40 Mk II, 14 x 1 - 57/45-50 Driggs-Schroeder Mk I/II, 6 x 1 - 37/40 Driggs-Schroeder heavy Mk I, 6 - 450 TT (1 bow, 4 beam, 1 stern)

Complement

447

Ship project history: Authorised under the Act of 7/9/1888. On trials Olympia reached 17313ihp = 21.68kts on the mile but she was 300t below her normal displacement.

Ship protection: In this ship the 4 203mm guns were in fore and aft twin turrets protected by 89mm Harvey with 114mm nickel steel barbettes and 76mm ammunition Tubes. The 127mm guns to port and starboard amidships in the superstructure had 102mm shields, the CT 127mm and the protective deck was 51mm on the flat with the slopes 121mm amidships and 76mm at the ends. The engine cylinders were protected by a 102mm glacis.

Modernizations: 1900: - 6 - 450 TT

1918: - 2 x 2 - 203/35, 10 x 1 - 127/40, 14 x 1 - 57/45-50, 6 x 1 - 37/40; + 10 x 1 - 127/51 Mk VIII

Naval service:  Flagship of Commodore Dewey at the Battle of Manila, Olympia was not seriously tested in this action. She was an accommodation ship at Charleston from 1912-1916, but was on active service during the First World War, and finally decommissioned 9/12/1922, being reclassified as IX40 in 1931. She was stricken in 1957 and preserved as museum ship at Philadelphia.

Olympia 1904

Ivan Gogin, 2014