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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

NORFOLK cruiser (1953)

Norfolk 1954

Norfolk 1959

Norfolk 1970

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DL1 Norfolk New York SB, Camden 1/9/1949 29/12/1951 4/3/1953 stricken 11/1973
  

Displacement standard, t

5556

Displacement full, t

8315

Length, m

158.5 wl 164.6 oa

Breadth, m

16.3

Draught, m

5.80

No of shafts

2

Machinery

geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kts

33

Fuel, t

oil 1230

Endurance, nm (kts)

6000(20)

Armament

4 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 33, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 8 - 533 TT (beam), 4 x 1 - 324 Mk 108 Weapon Alfa ASW rocket launchers

Sensors

SPS-6 radar, QHB, SQG-1 sonars

Complement

546

Ship project history: Laid down as an ASW cruiser (CLK). Norfolk was completed as the first of a new generation of large destroyers or 'destroyer leaders' (DL) or frigates (DL). She was designed specially as a counter to the new generation of Soviet submarines, which were expected to match the performance of the German Type XXI (and which materialized as the Whiskey). However, given her great size and high cost she could not be duplicated, and a projected sister-ship, CLK2, was never laid down. Hull design broadly followed that of the Atlanta class cruisers, and in details Norfolk reflected the experience of the Bikini nuclear tests. For example, special efforts were made to permit fallout to wash from her decks, and her bridgework was enclosed. ASW features included unusually large-diameter, slow-turning propellers for quietness, and her primary ASW weapon was the homing torpedo, fired from fixed tubes in her after superstructure. The visually more prominent Weapon Alfa (automatic rocket launcher) was a closer-range secondary battery. Even her anti-aircraft battery was experimental, four twin 76mm/70 having been specified.

    In practice Norfolk was unique, serving with the Operational Test and Evaluation Force. She was test ship for ASROC and also for the SPS-26 electronically-scanned radar (the prototype of SPS-39). In 1959 conversion to a Terrier missile ship was proposed, as part of the same programme which produced the Mitscher and Forrest Sherman class missile destroyers (Tartar). Norfolk was dropped because of the high cost of conversion to what was perceived at the time as a relatively unreliable weapon, a consideration which curtailed the entire programme.

Modernizations: 1959: - 4 x 2 - 76/50, 4 x 2 - 20/70, SQG-1, QHB sonars; + 4 x 2 - 76/70 Mk 37, SPS-26 radar, SQS-4 sonar

1960: - 2 x 1 - 324 Mk 108 Weapon Alfa ASW rocket launchers; + 1 x 8 ASROC ASW rocket launcher (8 RUR-5)

1960s: - SQS-4 sonar; + SQS-26 sonar

Naval service: No significant events.

 

Norfolk 1965

Ivan Gogin, 2015