home

fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

NEW ORLEANS heavy cruisers (1934-1937)

San Francisco 1942

San Francisco 1945

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
CA32 New Orleans New York N Yd, Brooklyn 14/3/1931 12/4/1933 18/4/1934 stricken 3/1959
CA34 Astoria Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 1/9/1930 16/12/1933 1/6/1934 sunk 9/8/1942
CA36 Minneapolis Philadelphia N Yd 27/6/1931 6/9/1933 20/6/1934 stricken 3/1959
CA37 Tuscaloosa New York SB, Camden 3/9/1931 15/11/1933 17/8/1934 stricken 3/1959
CA38 San Francisco Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 9/9/1931 9/3/1933 23/4/1934 stricken 3/1959
CA39 Quincy Bethlehem, Quincy 15/11/1933 19/6/1935 9/6/1936 sunk 9/8/1942
CA44 Vincennes Bethlehem, Quincy 2/1/1934 21/5/1936 24/2/1937 sunk 9/8/1942
  

Displacement standard, t

10136

Displacement full, t

12463

Length, m

176.2 wl 179.2 oa

Breadth, m

18.8

Draught, m

6.93 full

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Westinghouse geared steam turbines, 8 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

107000

Max speed, kts

32.7

Fuel, t

oil 1241 - 1861

Endurance, nm (kts) 10000 (15)

Armour, mm

CA32, 34, 36: belt: 127 - 76, bulkheads: 76 - 38, deck: 57, barbettes: 127, turrets: 203 - 38, CT: 127

CA37, 38:  belt: 127 - 76, bulkheads: 76 - 38, deck: 57, barbettes: 152, turrets: 203 - 38, CT: 127

CA39, 44:  belt: 127 - 76, bulkheads: 76 - 38, deck: 57, barbettes: 133, turrets: 203 - 38, CT: 127

Armament

CA32, 34, 36: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 9/11/13/14, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 10/11/13, 8 1 - 12.7/90, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (OL, O2U, O3U, OJ)

CA37 - 39, 44: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 12/15, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 10/11/13, 8 1 - 12.7/90, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (OL, O2U, O3U, OJ, SOC)

Complement

868

Ship project history: At beginning to work on the project of cruisers which should follow Portland class by 1929 program (CA37-41), in American naval staff the judgement about insufficient protection of the first heavy cruisers was more and more spread. After a long discussions General Board have refused from plans of the further development of Northampton class in favour of the ship with the strengthened protection. Her creation was represented possible thanking to that circumstance, that Northampton class cruisers had standard displacement approximately on 1000t less than limit, appointed by the Washington conference, and this reserve could be expend on protection strengthening.

Structure (but not an arrangement!) of machinery of new cruisers remained without changes, but hull has been projected anew and was notably shorter and narrower in comparison with predecessors. Length reduction has been reached at the expense of abandoning from machinery arrangements in en echelon in favour of the linear. Have besides, lengths of everyone machinery room was decreased. It allowed to shrink a length of waterline belt and increase its thickness to 127mm. Differing from predecessors, turrets received protection against fire of 203mm guns. The protection weight made 15% of standard displacement. As result the immune zone under fire of 203mm guns at a relative bearing 60 laid in a band between 60 and 120 cables.

Originally it was planed to build under new project 5 ships (CA37-41), however they so exceed Northampton class (CA32-36), that it has been solved to build CA32, 34 and 36, the order on which was received by Naval Yards, under the changed project (simultaneously building of CA39-41 was suspended).

First three cruisers of New Orleans class (CA32, 34 and 36) were built under the program of FY1929. They were followed by three ships of the 1930 program (37-39), a little differing from leading three. 37 and -38 had more protected barbettes and new more light 203mm guns in more compact turrets. On 39 it have provided possibility of fitting in the future of 28mm AA MGs that has demanded setting off of a reserve of displacement. For this purpose it was necessary to decrease a thickness of barbettes. Last ship of a class, 44 was built under the 1931 program and completely repeated 39.

By the middle of war the stability has come nearer to a dangerous limit, and the further updates were accompanied by the additive ballast. Besides, ships have lost CTs and have rebuilt bridges.

Ship protection: Main belt abreast machinery extended to 1.5m below and 2.86m over waterline. It was 127mm thick (76mm at lower edge) on 19mm STS plating. There were narrow belts abreast magazines. Thickness of these belts was 102mm decreasing to 76mm at lower edge. Magazines were protected by 37mm bulkheads fore and aft, machinery and magazines were separated by 76-51mm bulkheads. Armoured deck over main belt was 57mm over machinery (on 2nd deck level) and magazines (on 1st platform level). Its thickness decreased to 32mm fwd from fore magazines. Barbettes were 127 (CA32, 34, 36) / 152 (CA37, 38) / 133mm (CA39, 44) thick. Turrets had 203mm faces, 95-38mm sides, 38mm rears and 70mm crowns.

Modernizations: Astoria, 6/1941; New Orleans, Minneapolis, 11/1941; Tuscaloosa, San Francisco, Quincy, Vincennes 12/1941 - 4/1942: + 4 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1

mid-1942, all: - 8 x 1 - 12.7/90; + 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, SC, Mk 3 radars

late 1942, all survived: + (6 - 10) x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

late 1943, all survived: - 4 x 4 - 28/75, 1 catapult, SC radar; + 6 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2x SG, SK, Mk 4 radars. CT was removed.

Minneapolis, 1944: - 3 x 3 - 203/55; + 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 12/15, SP radar

1944 - 1945, New Orleans: - (12 - 16) x 1 - 20/70; + 14 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

1944 - 1945, Minneapolis: - (12 - 16) x 1 - 20/70; + 8 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

1944 - 1945, Tuscaloosa: - (12 - 16) x 1 - 20/70; + 28 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

1944 - 1945, San Francisco: - (12 - 16) x 1 - 20/70; + 26 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

1/1946, New Orleans: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 14, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 19, 6 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 14 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, 2x SG, SK, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

1/1946, Minneapolis: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 15, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 19, 6 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 8 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, 2x SG, SK, SP, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

1/1946, Tuscaloosa: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 12, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 19, 6 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 28 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, 2x SG, SK, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

1/1946, San Francisco: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 12, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 19, 6 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 26 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, 2x SG, SK, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

Naval service:  Vincennes, Quincy and Astoria were sunk by gunfire and torpedoes of Japanese heavy cruisers 9/8/1942 in battle at Sawo island (Guadalcanal). New Orleans 30/11/1942 was badly damaged by Japanese torpedo (fore end was torn off to a No2 turret) and repaired till July, 1943. Minneapolis was damaged 30/11/1942 by two torpedoes from Japanese destroyers. Fore end to a No1 turret was cut off, repair lasted till September, 1943. San Francisco 13/11/1942 was badly damaged by gunfire of Japanese ships (up to 45 hits), repair lasted till February, 1943.

Minneapolis 1941

Ivan Gogin, 2014