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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

COLUMBIA protected cruisers (1894)

Columbia 1894

Minneapolis 1894

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
C12, 7/1920- CA16 Columbia, 11/1921- Old Columbia Cramp, Philadelphia 30/12/1890 26/7/1892 23/4/1894 stricken 1/1922
C13, 7/1920- CA17 Minneapolis Cramp, Philadelphia 16/12/1891 12/8/1893 13/12/1894 stricken 8/1921
  

Displacement normal, t

7375

Displacement full, t

8270

Length, m

125.9

Breadth, m

17.7

Draught, m

6.88

No of shafts

3

Machinery

VTE, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

21000

Max speed, kts

21

Fuel, t

coal 1670

Endurance, nm(kts) 19000(10)

Armour, mm

steel - deck: 64 with 102mm slopes, casemates: 102, CT: 127

Armament

C12: 1 x 1 - 203/40 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 152/40 Mk III, 8 x 1 - 102/40 Mk III/IV/V/VI, 12 x 1 - 57/45-50 Driggs-Schroeder Mk I/II, 4 x 1 - 37/40 Driggs-Schroeder heavy Mk I, 4 - 360 TT (beam)

C13: 1 x 1 - 203/40 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 152/40 Mk III, 8 x 1 - 102/40 Mk III/IV/V/VI, 12 x 1 - 57/45-50 Driggs-Schroeder Mk I/II, 4 x 1 - 37/40 Driggs-Schroeder heavy Mk I, 4 - 450 TT (beam)

Complement

477

Ship project history: Columbia authorised under the Act of 30/6/1890, and Minneapolis under that of 2/3/1891. Designed as commerce raiders, these ships differed much in appearance, Columbia having four funnels and Minneapolis two. They were very lightly gunned for their size. The 203mm was in a shield on the quarterdeck and the 2 152mm abreast forward, while the 102mm were in main deck sponsons.

Ship protection: There was 64mm armoured deck with 102mm slopes amidships. 203mm gun was protected by shield, 152mm guns were on open mounts and 102mm guns were protected by 102mm armour. The CT had 127mm sides.

Modernizations: circa 1906 - 1907, both: - 1 x 1 - 203/40; + 1 x 1 - 152/40 Mk III

(1916-1918), Columbia: - 4 - 360 TT; + 4 x 1 - 102/40 Mk VI, 2 x 1 - 76/52 Mk X

(1916-1918), Minneapolis: - 4 - 450 TT; + 4 x 1 - 102/40 Mk VI, 2 x 1 - 76/52 Mk X

Naval service: Columbia was out of commission from May 1907 to June 1915 and Minneapolis from November 1906 to July 1917, presumably because of their high coal consumption, though they were good steamers, Columbia taking sis days 23 hours 49 minutes from Southampton to Sandy Hook in 1895, when the best trip was the Fürst Bismarck's six days ten hours 12 minutes.

 

Minneapolis 1904

Ivan Gogin, 2014