home

fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

CHICAGO protected cruisers (1889)

Chicago 1889

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
7/1920- CA14, 1921- CL14 Chicago   John Roach, Chester // Delaware River, Chester 29/12/1883 5/12/1885 17/4/1889 Naval Militia TS 1/1910
  

Displacement normal, t

4500

Displacement full, t

4864

Length, m

104.3

Breadth, m

14.7

Draught, m

5.79 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 COB (compound overhead beam), 5 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

5000

Max speed, kts

14

Fuel, t

coal 831

Endurance, nm(kts) 5300(10)
Armour, mm

steel; belt: 29, deck: 38, battery: 25, CT: 76

Armament

4 x 1 - 203/31 Mk II, 8 x 1 - 152/30 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 127/31 Mk I, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I/II, 2 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss Mk I

Complement

409 - 471

Ship project history: Authorized under the Act of 3/3/1883. The 203mm guns were in four upper deck sponsons with the 152mm and 127mm on the main deck, the 127mm being aft. The boilers were unusual in being externally fired. Chicago being rigged as a barque without royals.

Ship protection: Chicago was poorly protected with a 38mm deck extending for 41.5m over the machinery spaces but only 19mm over the magazines.

Modernizations: (1895-1898): nominal displacement risen to 5000t, 38mm deck plating was added over the steering gear, a narrow armour belt of 25mm side added to protect gun crews and 21.3m-long 29mm-thick narrow belt at the bow for ramming, CT received 76mm sides. New machinery comprising 6 Babcock & Wilcox and 4 cylindrical boilers with 2-shaft HTE gave 9000ihp = 18kts, and the sails were removed. ; - 4 x 1 - 203/31, 8 x 1 - 152/30, 2 x 1 - 127/31; + 4 x 1 - 203/37 Mk IV, 14 x 1 - 127/40 Mk III

Naval service:  From 1910 to 1917 Chicago was with the Massachusetts and then Pennsylvania Naval Militia, and from 1917 to 1923 mostly served with submarines, her guns being reduced to 4- 127mm/51. Classified as CA14 in July 1920, Chicago was an accommodation ship at Pearl Harbor 1923-1935 (renamed IX5 Alton July 1928) and foundered after sale under tow to San Francisco.

Chicago 1890s

Ivan Gogin, 2014