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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

ATLANTA protected cruisers (1886-1887)

Atlanta 1886

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
  Atlanta   John Roach, Chester 8/11/1883 9/10/1884 19/7/1886 stricken 4/1912
  Boston   John Roach, Chester // New York N Yd 15/11/1883 4/12/1884 2/5/1887 Naval Militia TS 6/1911
  

Displacement normal, t

3189

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

86.3

Breadth, m

12.8

Draught, m

5.18 mean

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 HCE, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

3500

Max speed, kts

13

Fuel, t

coal 490

Endurance, nm(kts)  
Armour, mm

steel; deck: 38, barbettes: 51

Armament

2 x 1 - 203/31 Mk I, 6 x 1 - 152/30 Mk II, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I/II, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss Mk I

Complement

284

Ship project history: Authorized under the Act of 3/3/1883. 203mm guns were echeloned to port forward and starboard aft, with the end 152mm in the central superstructure counter-echeloned, to permit axial fire of 1 203mm and 1 152mm fore and aft. They were much too slow to be effective cruisers, and the partial deck gave very inadequate protection. Sail, in the form of a brig rig without royals or head gear, was later removed.

Ship protection: A 38mm deck extended for 30.5m over the machinery spaces, and 203mm guns had a 51mm barbettes and later received shielded mountings.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service:  From November 1905 Atlanta served as an accommodation ship for torpedo boat crews, while Boston acted as a training ship for the Oregon Naval Militia from June 1911 to September 1916, served as receiving ship at Yerba Buena from 1918 to 1946, and renamed Despatch in August 1940.

Ivan Gogin, 2014