NAVYPEDIA



HOME
FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT
TULARE amphibious cargo ship (1956)


Photo



Tulare 1980

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
AKA112, 1.1969- LKA112 Tulare (ex-Evergreen Mariner)   Bethlehem, San Francisco 16.2.1953 22.12.1953 12.1.1956 NDRF 8.1992, scrapped 2011


Technical data


Displacement standard, t12000
Displacement full, t16800
Length, m

172.0

Breadth, m

23.2

Draught, m

7.90

No of shafts1
Machinery

1 set De Laval geared steam turbines, 2 Combustion Engineering boilers

Power, h. p.22000
Max speed, kts

22

Fuel, t

oil

Endurance, nm(kts)10000(20)
Armament

4 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 33, helicopter deck

Military load319 troops, 4476 t of cargo, 9 LCM(6), 11 LCVP
Electronic equipmentSPS-10, 2x Mk 34 radars
Complement393


Standard scale images


<i>Tulare </i>1963
Tulare 1963


Graphics


<i>Tulare </i>1980
Tulare 1980


Project history

Paul Revere, Francis Marion and Tulare, the only new AKA and APA construction of the 1950s, were conversions of 'Mariner' cargo hulls (C4-S-1A). Of thirty-five 'Mariners' built, the Navy acquired five in all, the other two being the Polaris missile firing ship Observation Island and the navigational test ship Compass Island, both associated with the Polaris programme. The two attack (personnel) transports were fitted as amphibious squadron flagships or as troop commander or transport division flagships; they could handle landing craft and heavy vehicles with 10t, 30t and 60t cargo booms. In an early example of adaptation to helicopter operation, their helicopter decks were served by cargo elevators. In fact they were the last conventional attack personnel transports, as the transport function was next taken over by a combination of LPH (helicopter carriers) and LPD (landing ship docks with additional troop spaces). They could accommodate 1500 troops each.

Tulare was designed primarily for cargo, although she could carry 575 troops (and 500 vehicles), handling up to twenty-seven landing craft with heavy-lift (60t) booms rigged from her quadruped masts. Like the APAs, she had a helicopter platform.

Modernizations

1977-1978: - 1 x 2 - 76/50, 2x Mk 34 radars; + LN-66 radar

Naval service

No significant events.