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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT
PRESIDENT JACKSON amphibious personnel transports (1940 - 1941 / 1941 - 1942)


Photo



Thomas Stone

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
AP37, 2.1943- APA18, 10.1949- T-APA18 President Jackson 379 Newport News // 10.1939 7.6.1940 10.1940 // 1.1942 Military Sealift Command transport 10.1949, stricken 10.1958
AP38, 2.1943- APA19 President Adams 383 Newport News // Norfolk N Yd 6.1940 31.6.1941 11.1941 stricken 10.1958
AP39, 2.1943- APA20 President Hayes 381 Newport News // 12.1939 4.10.1940 2.1941 // 12.1941 stricken 10.1958
AP59, 2.1943- APA29 Thomas Stone (ex-President Van Buren) 384 Newport News // 8.1940 1.5.1941 9.1941 // 5.1942 damaged 26.11.1942, never repaired
AP60, 2.1943- APA30, 10.1949- T-APA30 Thomas Jefferson (ex-President Garfield) 382 Newport News // 2.1940 20.11.1940 3.1941 // 8.1942 Military Sealift Command 10.1949, stricken 10.1958


Technical data


Displacement standard, t10210 - 10305
Displacement full, t

16175

Length, m

149.7

Breadth, m

21.2

Draught, m

8.10

No of shafts1
Machinery

Newport News geared steam turbine, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.8500
Max speed, kts

17

Fuel, t

oil 1340

Endurance, nm(kts)10700(15)
Armament

4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 10.17, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4 or 4 x 1 - 12.7/90

Military loadprobably SC radar (part of class)
Electronic equipment

32 LCVP, 3 LCM(3), 3500 t of cargo, 1382 troops

by 1945: 4 LCM(6), 23 LCVP, 2 LCPL, 1 LCPR, 3500t of cargo, 1379 marines

Complement512


Standard scale images


<i>President Adams </i>1949
President Adams 1949


Graphics


<i>Thomas Stone</i>
Thomas Stone


Project history

USN military transport vessels were sectioned into two groups: АР for transportation of troops and АК for carriage of goods and technics. The majority of them were built on the basis of standard types С2, С3 and С4 and differed from usual cargo ships a little.

For delivery of troops and cargoes directly to a beaching place assault landing transport ships (АРА and АКА) served, which main difference from АК and АР consisted that they were extra equipped with disembarkation craft of LCVP, LCM and LCP (L) types; with their help delivery of people and cargoes to beach also was effected.

Originally similar ships were not outlined in own subclass and were registered as АР and АК. In February, 1943 reorganisation was done and assault transports have received indexation АРА and АКА.

Two ships of Doyen class, projected even on the eve of war for landing operations in Caribbean basin, became the first American assault military transports. The overwhelming majority of remaining АРА and АКА has been converted from merchant cargo and cargo-passenger vessels or constructed in hulls of standard cargo vessels built by the big series in days of war. An exception were specially projected as assault transports Gilliam (АРА) and Artemis (АКА) classes.

Besides the large landing transport ships of АРА and АКА classes, small landing parties and subversive groups were landed by fast landing transports (APD) converted from become outdated Wickes and Clemson classes destroyers and destroyer escorts of Buckley and Rudderow classes.

President Jackson class ships were built in standard C3-A type hulls.

Modernizations

by 1945 survived ships were armed with 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 10.17, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 12 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

1/1946: 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20/21, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3, 12 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

Naval service

Thomas Stone 7.11.1942 was damaged by torpedo in Mediterranean sea, 25-26.11.1942 again damaged by aircraft at coast of Algeria and run aground.