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ASHLAND landing ship-docks (1943 - 1946)


Photo



  San Marcos 1945

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate Modification
LSD1 Ashland 232 Moore, Oakland 6/1942 21.12.1942 6.1943 stricken 11.1969 Ashland subclass
LSD2 Belle Grove 233 Moore, Oakland 10.1942 17.2.1943 8.1943 stricken 11.1969 Ashland subclass
LSD3 Carter Hall 234 Moore, Oakland 10.1942 4.3.1943 9.1943 stricken 10.1969 Ashland subclass
LSD4, 11.1962- MCS7 Epping Forest 235 Moore, Oakland 11.1942 2.4.1943 10.1943 minecraft support ship 11.1962, stricken 11.1968 Ashland subclass
LSD5, 3.1949- LSD5(A) Gunston Hall 236 Moore, Oakland 1942 1.5.1943 11.1943 to Argentina 5.1970 (Candido de Lasala) Ashland subclass
LSD6 Lindenwald 237 Moore, Oakland 2.1943 11.6.1943 12.1943 stricken 12.1967 Ashland subclass
LSD7 Oak Hill 238 Moore, Oakland 3.1943 25.6.1943 1.1944 stricken 10.1969 Ashland subclass
LSD8, 9.1956- T-LSD8 White Marsh 239 Moore, Oakland 4.1943 19.7.1943 1.1944 to Taiwan 11.1960 (東海 [Dong Hai]) Ashland subclass
LSD13 Casa Grande (ex-Portway, ex-Spear) 405 Newport News 11.1943 11.4.1944 6.1944 stricken 10.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD14 Rushmore (ex-Swashway, ex-Sword) 406 Newport News 12.1943 14.5.1944 7.1944 stricken 11.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD15 Shadwell (ex-Waterway, ex-Tomahawk) 407 Newport News 1.1944 24.5.1944 7.1944 stricken 11.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD16 Cabildo 448 Newport News 7.1944 22.12.1944 3.1945 stricken 10.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD17 Catamount 449 Newport News 8.1944 27.1.1945 4.1945 stricken 10.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD18 Colonial 450 Newport News 8.1944 28.2.1945 5.1945 stricken 10.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD19 Comstock 451 Newport News 1.1945 28.4.1945 7.1945 stricken 6.1976, to Taiwan (中正 [Chung Cheng]) Casa Grande subclass
LSD20 Donner   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 12.1944 1.4.1945 7.1945 stricken 11.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD21 Fort Mandan   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 3.1944 2.6.1945 10.1945 to Greece 1.1971 (Ναυκρατούσα [Nafkratousa]) Casa Grande subclass
LSD22 Fort Marion   Gulf SB, Chickasaw 1944 22.5.1945 1.1946 stricken 10.1974, to Taiwan (鎮海 [Zhen Hai]) Casa Grande subclass
T-LSV8 (ex-LSD23) Taurus (ex-Carib Queen, ex-Fort Snelling)   Gulf SB, Chickasaw 11.1944 8.1945 1956 // 1.1963 completed mercantile, cargo ship T-AK273 Taurus 1.1959, landing ship vehicle 1.1963, for disposal 6.1969 Casa Grande subclass
LSD24 Point Defiance   Gulf SB, Chickasaw 1944 28.5.1945 10.1945 // --- completed mercantile Casa Grande subclass
LSD25 San Marcos   Philadelphia N Yd 9.1944 10.1.1945 4.1945 to Spain 7.1971 (Galicia) Casa Grande subclass
LSD26 Tortuga   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 10.1944 21.1.1945 6.1945 stricken 10.1976 Casa Grande subclass
LSD27 Wheatstone   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 4.1945 18.7.1945 2.1946 stricken 9.1971 Casa Grande subclass


Technical data


Displacement standard, t

4490

Displacement full, t9375
Length, m

138.4 wl 139.5 oa

Breadth, m

22.0

Draught, m

4.83

No of shafts2
Machinery

LSD1 - 8: 2 Skinner Uniflow QuiPE, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

LSD13 - 27: 2 sets Skinner geared steam turbines, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

LSD1 - 8: 7400

LSD13 - 21, 25 - 27: 7000

LSD22 - 24: 9000

Max speed, kts

LSD1 - 8, 13 - 21, 25 - 27: 15.4

LSD22 - 24: 15.6

Fuel, t

oil 1770

Endurance, nm(kts)7400 (15)
Armament

1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk12, 2 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 16 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

Military load3 LCT(5) or 3 LCT(6) or 2 LCT(3) or 2 LCT(4) or 14 LCM(3) or 1450 t of cargo or 41 LVT or 47 DUKW (up to 92 LVT or 108 DUKW if additional decks are installed), 332 marines
Electronic equipment

presumably SF or SG or SL or SU radar

Complement254


Standard scale images


<i>Casa Grande </i>1963 with additional decks
Casa Grande 1963 with additional decks
<i>Gunston Hall </i>1963
Gunston Hall 1963
<i>Casa Grande </i>1970
Casa Grande 1970
<i>Ashland</i> 1943
Ashland 1943


Graphics


  <i>San Marcos</i> 1945
  San Marcos 1945


Project history

One of the most unusual landing ships of the Second World War. They were designed under the technical project developed by British Admiralty. In aft part of hull flooded dock chamber was arranged in which took places 2-3 LCT landing crafts with tanks or up to 14 LCM with a landing party. In the sea dock chamber was dryed, in place of disembarkation ship received water ballast into special tanks, and draught aft increased on some metres, dock chamber was filled by water, and landing crafts went out it under own engines, following to a disembarkation place. In total it has been ordered 27 ships-docks, 4 were transferred to RN by lend-lease.

Modernizations

None.

1/1946, all: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 16 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SF or SG or SL or SU radar

Naval service

Shadwell 24.1.1945 was damaged by Japanese air torpedo in Philippines area. Fort Snelling was cancelled in 1945 and completed as mercantile vessel Carib Queen. Later she was acquired by the Navy and used as MSTS cargo vessel Taurus. From 1963 she was classified as landing ship (T-LSV8).