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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT
HARRIS amphibious personnel transports (1921 - 1922 / 1940 - 1942), JOSEPH T. DICKMAN amphibious personnel transports (1921 - 1922 / 1941 - 1942))


Photo



Zeilin

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate Modification
AP8, 2.1943- APA2 Harris (ex-President Grant, ex-Pine Tree State) 4195 Bethlehem, Sparrow Point // Todd, Seattle 1920 1921 11.1921 // 8.1940 stricken 1946 Harris
AP9, 11.1942- APA3 Zeilin (ex-President Jackson, ex-Silver State) 257 Newport News // Todd, Seattle 1920 1921 5.1921 // 1.1942 stricken 6.1946 Harris
AP25, 2.1943- APA12 Leonard Wood (ex-Western World, ex-Nutmeg State) 4197 Bethlehem, Sparrow Point // 1921 1921 5.1922 // 6.1941 stricken 1946 Harris
AP27, 2.1943- APA14 Hunter Liggett (ex-Pan American, ex-Palmetto State) 4196 Bethlehem, Sparrow Point // New York N Yd 1921 1921 2.1922 // 6.1941 to Maritime Comm. 9.1946 Harris
AP26, 2.1943- APA13 Joseph T. Dickman (ex-President Roosevelt, ex-President Pierce, ex-Peninsula State) 252 New York SB, Camden // Atlantic Basin IW 7.1920 6.7.1921 2.1922 // 6.1941 to Maritime Comm. 1.1947 Dickman
AP30, 2.1943- APA15 Henry T. Allen (ex-President Jefferson, ex-Wenatchee) 240 New York SB, Camden // Moore DD 6.1918 24.5.1919 5.1921 // 4.1942 to Maritime Comm. 2.1946 Dickman
AP34, 2.1943- APA16 J. Franklin Bell (ex-President McKinley, ex-Keystone State) 253 New York SB, Camden // 5.1919 15.5.1920 5.1921 // 4.1942 to Maritime Comm. 2.1947 Dickman
AP35, 2.1943- APA17 American Legion (ex-Badger State) 242 New York SB, Camden // 1.1919 11.10.1919 7.1921 // 8.1941 stricken 3.1946 Dickman


Technical data


Displacement standard, t12400 - 14174
Displacement full, t

21300 - 21900

Length, m

162.8 wl 163.1 oa

Breadth, m

APA2, 3, 12, 14: 22.0

APA13, 15 - 17: 22.1

Draught, m

APA2, 3, 12, 14: 9.30 max

APA13, 15 - 17: 9.22 max

No of shafts2
Machinery

APA2, 3, 12, 14: 2 sets Bethlehem geared steam turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers

APA13, 15 - 17: 2 sets Curtis geared steam turbines, 8 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

APA2, 3, 12, 14: 12000

APA13, 15 - 17: 10000

Max speed, kts

APA2, 3, 12, 14: 17.5

APA13, 15 - 17: 16.7

Fuel, t

oil 4449

Endurance, nm(kts)13700(15)
Armament

4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 10.17, 4 x 1 - 12.7/90

Military load

APA2, 3, 12, 14: 22 LCVP, 2 - 4 LCM(3), 3991 t of cargo, 1650 - 1900 troops

APA13, 15 - 17: 33 LCVP, 2 - 4 LCM(3), 3991 t of cargo, 1650 - 1900 troops

by 1945, all: 4 LCM(6), 18 LCVP, 2 LCPL, 1 LCPR, 2200t of cargo, 1500 marines

Complement693


Standard scale images


<i>Joseph T. Dickman </i>1945
Joseph T. Dickman 1945
<i>Hunter Liggett </i>1945
Hunter Liggett 1945


Graphics


<i>Zeilin</i>
Zeilin
<i>American Legion</i>
American Legion


Project history

USN military transport vessels were sectioned into two groups: АР for transportation of troops and АК for carriage of goods and technics. The majority of them were built on the basis of standard types С2, С3 and С4 and differed from usual cargo ships a little.

For delivery of troops and cargoes directly to a beaching place assault landing transport ships (АРА and АКА) served, which main difference from АК and АР consisted that they were extra equipped with disembarkation craft of LCVP, LCM and LCP (L) types; with their help delivery of people and cargoes to beach also was effected.

Originally similar ships were not outlined in own subclass and were registered as АР and АК. In February, 1943 reorganisation was done and assault transports have received indexation АРА and АКА.

Two ships of Doyen class, projected even on the eve of war for landing operations in Caribbean basin, became the first American assault military transports. The overwhelming majority of remaining АРА and АКА has been converted from merchant cargo and cargo-passenger vessels or constructed in hulls of standard cargo vessels built by the big series in days of war. An exception were specially projected as assault transports Gilliam (АРА) and Artemis (АКА) classes.

Besides the large landing transport ships of АРА and АКА classes, small landing parties and subversive groups were landed by fast landing transports (APD) converted from become outdated Wickes and Clemson classes destroyers and destroyer escorts of Buckley and Rudderow classes.

All these transports were former passenger liners of Hog Islander class.

Modernizations

by 1945 all ships were armed with 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk10/18/20, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

1/1946: 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20/21, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

Naval service

Zeilin was damaged by kamikaze 12.1.1945 at Luzon.