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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT
CRESCENT CITY amphibious personnel transports (1940 / 1941, 1942)


Photo



Crescent City

Ships


No

Name

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comm

Fate

AP40, 2.1943- APA21

Crescent City (ex-Del Orleans)

4338

Bethlehem, Sparrows Point // Alabama DD

1939

17.2.1940

8.1940 // 10.1941

to Maritime Comm. 9.1946

AP58, 2.1943- APA28

Charles Carroll (ex-Del Uruguay)

4362

Bethlehem, Sparrows Point

3.1942

1942

8.1942

stricken 10.1958

AP64, 2.1943- APA31

Monrovia (ex-Del Argentina)

4364

Bethlehem, Sparrows Point

3.1942

19.9.1942

12.1942

stricken 11.1968

AP65, 2.1943- APA32

Calvert (ex-Del Orleans)

4363

Bethlehem, Sparrows Point

1942

19.9.1942

10.1942

stricken 8.1966



Technical data


Displacement standard, t

8409

Displacement full, t

14247

Length, m

151.8

Breadth, m

17.2

Draught, m

8.10

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 set General Electric geared steam turbines, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

7800

Max speed, kts

17

Fuel, t

oil 1751

Endurance, nm(kts)

15500(15)

Armament

1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

Military load

22 LCVP, 2 - 4 LCM(3), 2300 t of cargo, 1160 troops

by 1945: 4 LCM(6), 20 LCVP, 3 LCPL, 2 LCPR, 2700 t of cargo, 1237 marines

Electronic equipment

AP58, 64, 65: presumably SC or SE or SF or SL radar (part of class)

Complement

534



Graphics


<i>Crescent City</i>
Crescent City


Project history

USN military transport vessels were sectioned into two groups: АР for transportation of troops and АК for carriage of goods and technics. The majority of them were built on the basis of standard types С2, С3 and С4 and differed from usual cargo ships a little.

For delivery of troops and cargoes directly to a beaching place assault landing transport ships (АРА and АКА) served, which main difference from АК and АР consisted that they were extra equipped with disembarkation craft of LCVP, LCM and LCP (L) types; with their help delivery of people and cargoes to beach also was effected.

Originally similar ships were not outlined in own subclass and were registered as АР and АК. In February, 1943 reorganisation was done and assault transports have received indexation АРА and АКА.

Two ships of Doyen class, projected even on the eve of war for landing operations in Caribbean basin, became the first American assault military transports. The overwhelming majority of remaining АРА and АКА has been converted from merchant cargo and cargo-passenger vessels or constructed in hulls of standard cargo vessels built by the big series in days of war. An exception were specially projected as assault transports Gilliam (АРА) and Artemis (АКА) classes.

Besides the large landing transport ships of АРА and АКА classes, small landing parties and subversive groups were landed by fast landing transports (APD) converted from become outdated Wickes and Clemson classes destroyers and destroyer escorts of Buckley and Rudderow classes.

Crescent City class transports were built in standard C3 Delta type hulls.

Modernizations

by 1945 all ships were armed with 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 1 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 11 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

1/1946: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20/21, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 1 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3, 11 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

Naval service

No significant events.



© Ivan Gogin, 2014-15