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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT
BAYFIELD amphibious personnel transports (1943 - 1944)


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  Fremont 1944

Ships


No

Name

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comm

Fate

APA33

Bayfield (ex-Sea Bass)

80

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

11.1942

15.2.1943

6.1943

stricken 10.1968

APA34

Bolivar (ex-Sea Angel)

81

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

5.1942

7.9.1942

3.1943

stricken 7.1946

APA35

Callaway (ex-Sea Mink)

82

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

6.1942

10.10.1942

4.1943

stricken 9.1946

APA36, 1.1969- LPA36

Cambria (ex-Sea Swallow)

83

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

7.1942

10.11.1942

5.1943

stricken 9.1971

APA37

Cavalier

88

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

12.1942

15.3.1943

7.1943

stricken 10.1968

APA38, 1.1969- LPA38

Chilton (ex-Sea Needle)

85

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

9.1942

29.12.1942

5.1943

stricken 7.1972

APA39

Clay (ex-Sea Carp)

86

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

10.1942

23.1.1943

6.1943

stricken 9.1946

APA40

Custer (ex-Sea Eagle)

325

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

6.11.1942

7.1943

stricken 6.1946

APA41

Du Page (ex-Sea Hound)

326

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

19.12.1942

2.1943

stricken 6.1946

APA42

Elmore (ex-Sea Panther)

327

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

29.1.1943

3.1943

stricken 5.1946

APA43

Fayette (ex-Sea Hawk)

328

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

25.2.1943

4.1943

stricken 5.1946

APA44, 1.1969- LPA44

Fremont (ex-Sea Corsair)

329

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

31.3.1943

5.1943

stricken 6.1973

APA45, 1.1969- LPA45

Henrico (ex-Sea Darter)

330

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

31.3.1943

6.1943

stricken 6.1973

APA46

Knox

335

Ingalls, Pascagoula

2/1943

17.7.1943

9.1943

stricken 5.1946

APA47

Lamar

336

Ingalls, Pascagoula

3.1943

28.8.1943

11.1943

stricken 4.1946

APA48

Leon (ex-Sea Dolphin)

333

Ingalls, Pascagoula

2.1943

19.6.1943

9.1943

stricken 1946

APA92

Alpine (ex-Sea Arrow)

93

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

4.1943

10.7.1943

9.1943

stricken 5.1946

APA93

Barnstable (ex-Sea Snapper)

94

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

5.1943

5.8.1943

10.1943

stricken 4.1946

APA95

Burleigh

406

Ingalls, Pascagoula

7/1943

3.12.1943

4.1944

stricken 7.1946

APA96

Cecil (ex-Sea Angler)

121

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

6.1943

27.9.1943

2.1944

to Maritime Comm. 5.1946

APA99

Dade (ex-Lorain)

408

Ingalls, Pascagoula

11/1943

14.1.1944

4.1944

to Maritime Comm. 2.1946

APA100

Mendocino

410

Ingalls, Pascagoula

9.1943

11.2.1944

5.1944

stricken 3.1946

APA101

Montour

412

Ingalls, Pascagoula

10.1943

10.3.1944

6.1944

stricken 5.1946

APA102

Riverside

414

Ingalls, Pascagoula

11.1943

13.4.1944

6.1944

stricken 5.1946

APA104

Westmoreland

416

Ingalls, Pascagoula

12.1943

28.4.1944

7.1944

stricken 6.1946

APA106

Hansford (ex-Gladwin, ex-Sea Adder)

128

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

12.1943

25.4.1944

10.1944

to Maritime Comm. 6.1946

APA107

Goodhue (ex-Sea Wren)

129

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

1.1944

31.5.1944

11.1944

stricken 1946

APA108

Goshen (ex-Sea Hare)

130

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

1.1944

29.6.1944

12.1944

to Maritime Comm. 5.1946

APA109

Grafton (ex-Sea Sparrow)

131

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

3.1944

10.8.1944

12.1944

to Maritime Comm. 5.1946



Technical data


Displacement standard, t

8100

Displacement full, t

16100

Length, m

141.7 wl 150.0 oa

Breadth, m

21.2

Draught, m

8.08 full load

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 set General Electric geared steam turbines, 2 Combustion Engineering or Foster Wheeler boilers

Power, h. p.

8500

Max speed, kts

18

Fuel, t

oil 1282

Endurance, nm(kts)

10450(12)

Armament

2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, (2 - 4) x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 18 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

Military load

24 - 26 LCVP, 2 LCM(3), 5500 t of cargo, 1500 troops

by 1945: 4 LCM(6), 18 - 21 LCVP, 2 - 3 LCPL, 1 - 2 LCPR, 4700 t of cargo, 1502 - 1875 marines

Electronic equipment

presumably SF or SG or SH or SL or SO or SU radar

Complement

575



Graphics


  <i>Fremont</i> 1944
  Fremont 1944
<i>Elmore</i>
Elmore


Project history

USN military transport vessels were sectioned into two groups: АР for transportation of troops and АК for carriage of goods and technics. The majority of them were built on the basis of standard types С2, С3 and С4 and differed from usual cargo ships a little.

For delivery of troops and cargoes directly to a beaching place assault landing transport ships (АРА and АКА) served, which main difference from АК and АР consisted that they were extra equipped with disembarkation craft of LCVP, LCM and LCP (L) types; with their help delivery of people and cargoes to beach also was effected.

Originally similar ships were not outlined in own subclass and were registered as АР and АК. In February, 1943 reorganisation was done and assault transports have received indexation АРА and АКА.

Two ships of Doyen class, projected even on the eve of war for landing operations in Caribbean basin, became the first American assault military transports. The overwhelming majority of remaining АРА and АКА has been converted from merchant cargo and cargo-passenger vessels or constructed in hulls of standard cargo vessels built by the big series in days of war. An exception were specially projected as assault transports Gilliam (АРА) and Artemis (АКА) classes.

Besides the large landing transport ships of АРА and АКА classes, small landing parties and subversive groups were landed by fast landing transports (APD) converted from become outdated Wickes and Clemson classes destroyers and destroyer escorts of Buckley and Rudderow classes.

Bayfield class transports were built in standard C3-S-A2 type hulls.

Modernizations

None.

1/1946: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, (2 - 4) x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 18 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SF or SG or SH or SL or SO or SU radar

Naval service

Alpine 17.11.1944 was damaged in Leyte Gulf by kamikaze. Callaway and Dupage were damaged by kamikazes 7 and 10.1.1945 respectively at coast of Philippines. Cavalier 30.1.1945 was damaged by a torpedo from Japanese submarine RO46. Bolivar 3.3.1945 was damaged at Iwojima by Japanese coastal guns. As a result of attacks of Japanese aircraft and kamikazes at Okinawa following ships received damages of various severity level: Alpine and Elmore 1.4.1945; Chilton, Goodhue and Henrico 2.4.1945.



© Ivan Gogin, 2014-15