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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT

BAYFIELD amphibious personnel transports (1943-1944)

Fremont 1963

No

Name

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comm

Fate

APA33

Bayfield (ex-Sea Bass)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

11/1942

15/2/1943

6/1943

stricken 10/1968

APA34

Bolivar (ex-Sea Angel)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

5/1942

7/9/1942

3/1943

stricken 7/1946

APA35

Callaway (ex-Sea Mink)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

6/1942

10/10/1942

4/1943

stricken 9/1946

APA36, 1/1969- LPA36

Cambria (ex-Sea Swallow)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

7/1942

10/11/1942

5/1943

stricken 9/1971

APA37

Cavalier

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

12/1942

15/3/1943

7/1943

stricken 10/1968

APA38, 1/1969- LPA38

Chilton (ex-Sea Needle)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

9/1942

29/12/1942

5/1943

stricken 7/1972

APA39

Clay (ex-Sea Carp)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

10/1942

23/1/1943

6/1943

stricken 9/1946

APA40

Custer (ex-Sea Eagle)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

6/11/1942

7/1943

stricken 6/1946

APA41

Du Page (ex-Sea Hound)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

19/12/1942

2/1943

stricken 6/1946

APA42

Elmore (ex-Sea Panther)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

29/1/1943

3/1943

stricken 5/1946

APA43

Fayette (ex-Sea Hawk)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

25/2/1943

4/1943

stricken 5/1946

APA44, 1/1969- LPA44

Fremont (ex-Sea Corsair)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

31/3/1943

5/1943

stricken 6/1973

APA45, 1/1969- LPA45

Henrico (ex-Sea Darter)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

1942

31/3/1943

6/1943

stricken 6/1973

APA46

Knox

Ingalls, Pascagoula

2/1943

17/7/1943

9/1943

stricken 5/1946

APA47

Lamar

Ingalls, Pascagoula

3/1943

28/8/1943

11/1943

stricken 4/1946

APA48

Leon (ex-Sea Dolphin)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

2/1943

19/6/1943

9/1943

stricken 1946

APA92

Alpine (ex-Sea Arrow)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

4/1943

10/7/1943

9/1943

stricken 5/1946

APA93

Barnstable (ex-Sea Snapper)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

5/1943

5/8/1943

10/1943

stricken 4/1946

APA95

Burleigh

Ingalls, Pascagoula

7/1943

3/12/1943

4/1944

stricken 7/1946

APA96

Cecil (ex-Sea Angler)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

6/1943

27/9/1943

2/1944

to Maritime Comm. 5/1946

APA99

Dade (ex-Lorain)

Ingalls, Pascagoula

11/1943

14/1/1944

4/1944

to Maritime Comm. 2/1946

APA100

Mendocino

Ingalls, Pascagoula

9/1943

11/2/1944

5/1944

stricken 3/1946

APA101

Montour

Ingalls, Pascagoula

10/1943

10/3/1944

6/1944

stricken 5/1946

APA102

Riverside

Ingalls, Pascagoula

11/1943

13/4/1944

6/1944

stricken 5/1946

APA104

Westmoreland

Ingalls, Pascagoula

12/1943

28/4/1944

7/1944

stricken 6/1946

APA106

Hansford (ex-Gladwin, ex-Sea Adder)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

12/1943

25/4/1944

10/1944

to Maritime Comm. 6/1946

APA107

Goodhue (ex-Sea Wren)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

1/1944

31/5/1944

11/1944

stricken 1946

APA108

Goshen (ex-Sea Hare)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

1/1944

29/6/1944

12/1944

to Maritime Comm. 5/1946

APA109

Grafton (ex-Sea Sparrow)

Western Pipe & Steel, San Francisco

3/1944

10/8/1944

12/1944

to Maritime Comm. 5/1946

 

Displacement standard, t

8100

Displacement full, t

16100

Length, m

141.7 wl 150.0 oa

Breadth, m

21.2

Draught, m

8.08 full load

No of shafts

1

Machinery

General Electric geared steam turbines, 2 Combustion Engineering or Foster Wheeler boilers

Power, h. p.

8500

Max speed, kts

18

Fuel, t

oil 1282

Endurance, nm (kts)

10450(12)

Armament

2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, (2 - 4) x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 18 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

Sensors

presumably SF or SG or SH or SL or SO or SU radar

Military load

24 - 26 LCVP, 2 LCM(3), 5500 t of cargo, 1500 troops

by 1945: 4 LCM(6), 18 - 21 LCVP, 2 - 3 LCPL, 1 - 2 LCPR, 4700 t of cargo, 1502 - 1875 marines

Complement

575

Ship project history: USN military transport vessels were sectioned into two groups: for transportation of troops and for carriage of goods and technics. The majority of them were built on the basis of standard types 2, 3 and 4 and differed from usual cargo ships a little.

For delivery of troops and cargoes directly to a beaching place assault landing transport ships ( and ) served, which main difference from and consisted that they were extra equipped with disembarkation craft of LCVP, LCM and LCP (L) types; with their help delivery of people and cargoes to beach also was effected.

Originally similar ships were not outlined in own subclass and were registered as and . In February, 1943 reorganisation was done and assault transports have received indexation and .

Two ships of Doyen class, projected even on the eve of war for landing operations in Caribbean basin, became the first American assault military transports. The overwhelming majority of remaining and has been converted from merchant cargo and cargo-passenger vessels or constructed in hulls of standard cargo vessels built by the big series in days of war. An exception were specially projected as assault transports Gilliam () and Artemis () classes.

Besides the large landing transport ships of and classes, small landing parties and subversive groups were landed by fast landing transports (APD) converted from become outdated Wickes and Clemson classes destroyers and destroyer escorts of Buckley and Rudderow classes.

Bayfield class transports were built in standard C3-S-A2 type hulls.

Modernizations: None.

1/1946: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, (2 - 4) x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 18 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10

Naval service: Alpine 17/11/1944 was damaged in Leyte Gulf by kamikaze. Callaway and Dupage were damaged by kamikazes 7 and 10/1/1945 respectively at coast of Philippines. Cavalier 30/1/1945 was damaged by a torpedo from Japanese submarine RO46. Bolivar 3/3/1945 was damaged at Iwojima by Japanese coastal guns. As a result of attacks of Japanese aircraft and kamikazes at Okinawa following ships received damages of various severity level: Alpine and Elmore 1/4/1945; Chilton, Goodhue and Henrico 2/4/1945.

 

Fremont 1944

Elmore

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15