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UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
AMPHIBIOUS SHIPS AND CRAFT
ALMAACK amphibious cargo ship (1941)


Photo



Almaack 1943

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
AK27, 1.1943- AKA10 Almaack (ex-Executor) 1483 Bethlehem, Quincy 3.1940 21.9.1940 10.1940 // 6.1941 stricken 8.1946


Technical data


Displacement standard, t8600
Displacement full, t

14460

Length, m

144.2

Breadth, m

20.3

Draught, m

8.70

No of shafts1
Machinery

1 set geared steam turbines, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.8000
Max speed, kts

18.6

Fuel, t

oil 1659

Endurance, nm(kts)19345(12)
Armament

1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20

Military load

15 - 16 LCVP, 8 LCM(3), cargo, troops

by 1945: 6 LCM(6), 2 LCM(3), 8 LCVP, 1 LCPL, 5175 t of cargo, 167 marines

Complement426


Graphics


<i>Almaack</i> 1943
Almaack 1943


Project history

USN military transport vessels were sectioned into two groups: АР for transportation of troops and АК for carriage of goods and technics. The majority of them were built on the basis of standard types С2, С3 and С4 and differed from usual cargo ships a little.

For delivery of troops and cargoes directly to a beaching place assault landing transport ships (АРА and АКА) served, which main difference from АК and АР consisted that they were extra equipped with disembarkation craft of LCVP, LCM and LCP (L) types; with their help delivery of people and cargoes to beach also was effected.

Originally similar ships were not outlined in own subclass and were registered as АР and АК. In February, 1943 reorganisation was done and assault transports have received indexation АРА and АКА.

Two ships of Doyen class, projected even on the eve of war for landing operations in Caribbean basin, became the first American assault military transports. The overwhelming majority of remaining АРА and АКА has been converted from merchant cargo and cargo-passenger vessels or constructed in hulls of standard cargo vessels built by the big series in days of war. An exception were specially projected as assault transports Gilliam (АРА) and Artemis (АКА) classes.

Besides the large landing transport ships of АРА and АКА classes, small landing parties and subversive groups were landed by fast landing transports (APD) converted from become outdated Wickes and Clemson classes destroyers and destroyer escorts of Buckley and Rudderow classes.

Almaack was built in standard type C3-E hull. Ship was ordered by American Export Lines but purchased by Navy before completion.

Modernizations

by 1945 ship was presumably armed with 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20, 18 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

1/1946: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20/21, 18 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, SC or SF or SL or SN or SO or SU radar

Naval service

No significant events.