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UNITED KINGDOM
SUBMARINES
"E" submarines (E1 group) (E1) (10, 1913 - 1914)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
E1 (ex-D9) I81   Chatham DYd 2.1911 9.11.1912 5.1913 scuttled 8.4.1918
E2 (ex-D10) I82   Chatham DYd 2.1911 23.11.1912 6.1913 sold 3.1921
E3 I83   Vickers, Barrow 4.1911 29.10.1912 5.1914 sunk 18.10.1914
E4 I84   Vickers, Barrow 5.1911 5.2.1912 1.1913 sold 2.1922
E5 I85   Vickers, Barrow 6.1911 17.5.1912 6.1913 lost 7.3.1916
E6 I86   Vickers, Barrow 9.1911 12.11.1912 10.1913 sunk 26.12.1915
E7 I87   Chatham DYd 3.1912 2.10.1913 3.1914 sunk 5.9.1915
E8 I88   Chatham DYd 3.1912 30.10.1913 6.1914 scuttled 8.4.1918
AE1 (RAN) 1   Vickers, Barrow 1912 18.6.1913 2.1914 lost 14.9.1914
AE2 (RAN) 2   Vickers, Barrow 1912 22.5.1913 2.1914 scuttled 30.4.1915


Technical data


Displacement standard, t 
Displacement normal, t

655 / 796

Length, m

54.2

Breadth, m

6.92

Draught, m

3.83

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 8-cyl Vickers diesels / 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

1600 / 840

Max speed, kts

15 / 9

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts)3000(10) /
Armament

E1 - 3, 5 - 8, AE1, 2: 4 - 450 TT (1 bow, 2 beam, 1 stern, 8)

E4: 1 x 1 - 76/28 12pdr 8cwt QF Mk I, 4 - 450 TT (1 bow, 2 beam, 1 stern, 8)

Complement

30

Diving depth operational, m30


Project history

For the 1910-11 Programme the Admiralty ordered six enlarged and improved versions of the 'D's. There was link fundamental change for the 'D' class had proved most successful, but in response to requests from the Submarine Service the hull was enlarged to accommodate a pair of beam TT. It was felt that long-range attacks with bow tubes were not sufficiently accurate, whereas beam tubes permitted more accurate short-range shooting. For that reason the 'E' class were to be given single bow and stern tubes, and a pair of tubes amidships, firing p&s. The diesels were the standard Vickers 4-stroke type but E3 was given 2-stroke Card diesels of Belgian manufacture. They were not successful, and after trials they were replaced by the standard type. An important innovation was the provision for the first time of two watertight bulkheads. When war broke out in August 1914 two boats of the 1911-12 Programme, E7 and E8, were ordered to be built to the E1 design, rather than to the 'Improved E' design which was to follow. The design proved highly successful, and production continued right through to 1917. With their later successors they bore the brunt of the Allies' submarine offensive, losing nearly 50% and scoring some of the outstanding successes of the war in the Sea of Marmora and the Baltic.

Modernizations

1915, E4, E6: + 1 x 1 - 57/40 6pdr Hotchkiss Mk I

1915, E2: + 1 x 1 - 102/40 BL Mk VIII

Naval service

E1 was sent to Baltic in October 1914 and was scuttled 8.4.1918 off Helsingfors to avoid capture. E3 was torpedoed 18.10.1914 in the North Sea by German submarine U27. E4 was sunk in collision with E41 on 15 August 1916, but although raised was apparently never re-commissioned. E5 was lost 7.3.3916 in the North Sea by unknown cause. E6 was mined 26.12.1915 in the North Sea. E7 was trapped in anti-submarine nets in the Dardanelles and then destroyed 5.9.1915 by explosive charge from German submarine UB14. E8 went to the Baltic and was scuttled off Helsingfors 8.4.1918. AE1 was lost 14.9.1914 from unknown cause (probably struck underwater obstruction) off Bismarck Archipelago. AE2 was sent to the Mediterranean in March 1915 and had to be scuttled in Sea of Marmora 30.4.1915 after sustaining severe damage from Turkish torpedo-boat Sultan Hissar.