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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

SUBMARINES

"C" submarines (1906-1914)

C4 1907

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
C1 I31   Vickers, Barrow 03/1905 10/7/1906 11/1906 sold 10/1920
C2 I32   Vickers, Barrow 11/1905 10/7/1906 11/1906 sold 10/1920
C3 I33   Vickers, Barrow 11/1905 3/10/1906 2/1907 expended 23/4/1918
C4 I34   Vickers, Barrow 11/1905 18/10/1906 3/1907 sold 4/1922
C5 I35   Vickers, Barrow 11/1905 20/8/1906 4/1907 sold 10/1919
C6 I36   Vickers, Barrow 11/1905 20/8/1906 1/1907 sold 11/1919
C7 I37   Vickers, Barrow 12/1905 15/2/1907 5/1907 sold 12/1919
C8 I38   Vickers, Barrow 12/1905 15/2/1907 5/1907 sold 10/1920
C9 I39   Vickers, Barrow 1/1906 3/4/1907 6/1907 sold 7/1922
C10 I30   Vickers, Barrow 1/1906 15/4/1907 7/1907 sold 7/1922
C11     Vickers, Barrow 4/1906 27/5/1907 9/1907 collision 14/7/1909
C12 I42   Vickers, Barrow 11/1906 9/9/1907 1/1908 sold 2/1920
C13 I43   Vickers, Barrow 11/1906 9/11/1907 2/1908 sold 2/1920
C14 I44   Vickers, Barrow 12/1906 7/12/1907 3/1908 sold 12/1921
C15 I45   Vickers, Barrow 12/1906 21/1/1908 4/1908 sold 2/1922
C16 I46   Vickers, Barrow 12/1906 19/3/1908 6/1908 sold 8/1922
C17 I47   Chatham DYd 3/1907 13/8/1908 5/1909 sold 11/1919
C18 I48   Chatham DYd 3/1907 10/10/1908 7/1909 sold 5/1921
C19 I49   Chatham DYd 6/1908 20/3/1909 11/1909 sold 2/1920
C20 I50   Chatham DYd 6/1908 27/11/1909 1/1910 sold 5/1921
C21 I51   Vickers, Barrow 2/1908 26/9/1908 5/1909 sold 12/1921
C22 I52   Vickers, Barrow 2/1908 10/10/1908 5/1909 sold 2/1920
C23 I53   Vickers, Barrow 2/1908 26/11/1908 5/1909 sold 12/1921
C24 I54   Vickers, Barrow 2/1908 26/11/1908 5/1909 sold 5/1921
C25 I55   Vickers, Barrow 2/1908 10/3/1909 5/1909 sold 12/1921
C26 I56   Vickers, Barrow 2/1908 20/3/1909 5/1909 scuttled 4/4/1918
C27 I57   Vickers, Barrow 6/1908 22/4/1909 8/1909 scuttled 4/4/1918
C28 I58   Vickers, Barrow 3/1908 22/4/1909 8/1909 sold 8/1921
C29 I59   Vickers, Barrow 6/1908 19/6/1909 9/1909 sunk 29/8/1915
C30 I60   Vickers, Barrow 6/1908 19/7/1909 10/1909 sold 8/1921
C31 I61   Vickers, Barrow 1/1909 2/9/1909 11/1909 sunk 4/1/1915
C32 I62   Vickers, Barrow 1/1909 29/9/1909 11/1909 stranded 24/10/1917
C33 I63   Chatham DYd 3/1909 10/5/1910 8/1910 sunk 4/8/1915
C34 I64   Chatham DYd 3/1909 8/6/1910 9/1910 sunk 21/7/1917
C35 I65   Vickers, Barrow 3/1909 2/11/1909 2/1910 scuttled 4/4/1918
C36 I66   Vickers, Barrow 3/1909 30/11/1909 2/1910 sold 6/1919
C37 I67   Vickers, Barrow 4/1909 1/1/1910 3/1910 sold 6/1919
C38 I68   Vickers, Barrow 4/1909 10/2/1910 3/1910 sold 6/1919
CC1 (RCN)     Seattle Co, USA 1912 3/6/1913 8/1914 sold 1925
CC2 (RCN)     Seattle Co, USA 1912 31/12/1913 8/1914 sold 1925

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

C1 - 38: 287 - 290 / 316 - 320

CC1, 2: 313 / 373

Length, m

C1 - 38: 43.3

CC1: 44.0

CC2: 48.0

Breadth, m

C1 - 38: 4.12

CC1: 4.57

CC2: 4.26

Draught, m

C1 - 38: 3.40 - 3.51

CC1, 2: 3.35

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 16-cyl Vickers petrol engine / 1 electric motor

Power, h. p.

C1 - 38: 600 / 300

CC1: 600 / 240

CC2: 600 / 260

Max speed, kts

C1 - 38: 13 / 7.5

CC1, 2: 13 / 10.2

Fuel, t

petrol 16

Endurance, nm(kts) 740(12) / 10(7.5)

Armament

C1 - 38: 2 - 450 TT (bow, 4)

CC1: 5 - 450 TT (4 bow, 1 stern, 5)

CC2: 3 - 450 TT (2 bow, 1 stern, 3)

Complement

C1 - 38: 16

CC1, 2: 18

Diving depth operational, m 30

Ship project history: Having built three classes of submarines the Admiralty felt confident in embarking on a large production-run from 1906. In retrospect the decision to build 38 submarines to what was essentially a small coastal design was a mistake, for it delayed the introduction of proper overseas patrol submarines. The blame rests largely with Fisher, who saw submarines as useful for harbour defence, as a substitute for minefields. However, in spite of their petrol engines and the lack of space and endurance they saw continuous war service. Six were built by Chatham DYd to ensure the Royal Dockyards' ability to keep up with progress in submarine design. Appearance was similar to the 'B' class, but without the diving planes amidships. Some were camouflaged late in the war.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: C1 was converted in 1918 to destroy the viaduct during the Zeebugge Raid, but was kept in reserve. C3 was nominally attached to 6th Flotilla for Zeebrugge Raid, 23 April 1918, when she was loaded with explosives to blow up the viaduct connecting the Mole to the shore. C11 was sunk in collision with s/s Eddystone off Cromer 14/7/1909. C14 and C17 were also sunk in collisions (with Hopper No 27 on 10 December 1913, and with destroyer Lurcher in May 1917 respectively), but both were raised and repaired. C26, C27 and C35 were sent on Detached Service to the Baltic from 1916, going out as deck cargo to Archangel, then by canal barge and rail to Lapvik on the Gulf of Finland. All were scuttled on 4 April 1918 off Helsingfors to avoid surrender to Germans. C32 was also sent to the Baltic in 1916; she was stranded and destroyed in Gulf of Riga. 31 and 33 were lost 4/1/1915 and 4/8/1915 for the unknown reasons, off Belgian coast and in the North Sea respectively. 34 was torpedoed 21/7/1917 by German submarine U52 off North Ireland, 29 was mined 29/8/1915 in the North Sea.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-13