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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

SUBMARINES

S1 submarine (1916)

S1 1917

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
S1 (ex-Swordfish), 7/1917- Swordfish ICA, 30, D15 Scotts, Greenock 2/1914 18/3/1916 4/1916 patrol escort 8/1917, sold 7/1922

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

932 / 1105

Length, m

70.5

Breadth, m

6.99

Draught, m

4.55

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 1 Yarrow boiler / 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

4000 / 1400

Max speed, kts

18 / 10

Fuel, t

oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 3000(8.5) /

Armament

2 x 1 - 76/30 10cwt QF Mk I, 2 - 533 TT (bow, 2), 4 - 450 TT (beam, 8)

Complement

42
Diving depth operational 30

Ship project history: Disappointed with the performance proposed for Nautilus, the Admiralty still hoped to build a 20kt submarine. The proposal put forward by Laurenti in mid-1912 was resurrected, for it promised 18kts on only 856t. What was known as the 'FIAT 140bis' design was developed by Scott's, with increased surface displacement, lower endurance and heavier armament. The order was placed in August 1913. In design it followed Laurenti principles closely, with a double hull for 75% of the length. A small folding funnel was provided, with electrical control; once folded down the well was sealed hydraulically by a cover. Two 76mm guns were provided forward and aft, also with disappearing mountings under watertight covers. Closing down the funnel took about 1.5min, and the rise in heat inside the boat proved to be no worse than in destroyers and light cruisers. Like the 'S' class, Swordfish had more watertight bulkheads than contemporary British designs. Other safety features which attracted favourable comment were the provision of safety buoys, a telephone buoy, a blowing arrangement with controls in the control room and forward and aft, and an emergency HP air line to all compartments.

    She commissioned on 28 April 1916 as a tender to Dolphin, having been numbered S1 on 1 April. Although nominally operational with 4th Flotilla following acceptance in July 1916 her trials continued for five months. She tended to lose stability when surfacing, presumably because of the difficulty in clearing water from the free-flooding spaces in the upper part of the hull.

Modernizations: (6 - 8/1917, Portsmouth DYd): submarine was converted to surface patrol ship.  New raised forecastle with new wheeling house were built up, new fixed funnel was taller. Steam turbine machinery remained but batteries are replaced by ballast and DC racks are fitted instead of TTs. New armament consisted of 1 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk VI, 1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I/II, 2 DCR

Naval service: She was eventually laid up at Portsmouth in January 1917 while her future was decided. Taken in hand on 27 June 1917 for conversion to a surface patrol boat, and reverted to the name Swordfish in July. Commissioned on 10 August 1917 and accepted two months later; served as tender to Victory but did not become operational until January 1918.

Swordfish 1916

Ivan Gogin, 2008-13