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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

MINE WARFARE SHIPS

ALGERINE class minesweepers, VTE-engined (1942 - 1945)

Rattlesnake 1943

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
RN, British-built
Bramble J273 - M11 1075 Lobnitz, Renfrew 6/1944 26/1/1945 6/1945 sold 8/1961
Cockatrice J229 - M29 588 Fleming & Ferguson, Paisley 12/1941 27/10/1942 4/1943 sold 8/1963
Fierce J453 - M53 1077 Lobnitz, Renfrew 11/1944 11/9/1945 11/1945 sold 8/1959
Fireball J464   Lobnitz, Renfrew --- --- --- cancelled 10/1944
Fly J306 1045 Lobnitz, Renfrew 10/1941 1/6/1942 10/1942 to Persia 7/1949 (Palang)
Gabriel J465   Lobnitz, Renfrew --- --- --- cancelled 10/1944
Happy Return J466   Lobnitz, Renfrew --- --- --- cancelled 10/1944
Hound J307 - M307 1046 Lobnitz, Renfrew 12/1941 29/7/1942 12/1942 sold 9/1962
Hydra J275 1047 Lobnitz, Renfrew 1/1942 29/9/1942 2/1943 CTL 10/11/1944
Larne     Simons, Renfrew 1/1942 --- --- cancelled 3/1942
Larne J274 1061 Lobnitz, Renfrew 1/1943 20/9/1943 11/1943 to Italy 1946 (Ammiraglio Magnaghi)
Lennox   1062 Simons, Renfrew --- --- --- cancelled 3/1942
Lennox J276 - M276   Lobnitz, Renfrew 3/1943 15/10/1943 1/1944 sold 6/1961
Niger (ex-Disdain) J442 1076 Lobnitz, Renfrew 11/1944 1/5/1945 9/1945 sold 2/1966
Orestes J277 - M277 1050 Lobnitz, Renfrew 3/1942 25/11/1942 4/1943 destroyed as target circa 1958, BU 3/1963
Pelorus J291 1053 Lobnitz, Renfrew 10/1942 18/6/1943 10/1943 to South Africa 1947 (Pietermaritzburg)
Rattlesnake J297 1051 Lobnitz, Renfrew 6/1942 23/2/1942 6/1943 sold 10/1959
Rowena J384 - M384 1072 Lobnitz, Renfrew 10/1943 15/6/1944 9/1944 sold 10/1958
Stormcloud J367 - M367 1069 Lobnitz, Renfrew 5/1943 28/12/1943 3/1944 sold 8/1959
Sylvia J382 - M382 1070 Lobnitz, Renfrew 7/1943 28/2/1944 5/1944 sold 9/1958
Tanganyika J383 - M383 1071 Lobnitz, Renfrew 9/1943 12/4/1944 7/1944 sold 9/1963
Waterwitch J304 - M304 1052 Lobnitz, Renfrew 8/1942 22/4/1943 9/1943 BU 9/1963
Wave J385 - M385 1073 Lobnitz, Renfrew 3/1944 18/8/1944 11/1944 sold 4/1962
Welcome J386 - M386 1074 Lobnitz, Renfrew 5/1944 14/11/1944 1/1945 sold 5/1962
RN, Canadian-built
Antares (ex-USN) J282 31 Toronto SB, Canada 1/1942 15/8/1942 8/1943 to USA 1/1947
Arcturus (ex-USN) J283 32 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 2/1942 31/8/1942 10/1943 to USA 1946, to Greece 1947 (Pyrpolitis)
Aries (ex-USN) J284 33 Toronto SB, Canada 3/1942 19/9/1942 7/1943 to USA 1946, to Greece 1947 (Armatolos)
Clinton (ex-USN) J286 34 Toronto SB, Canada 4/1942 5/10/1942 8/1943 to USA 1/1947
Coquette (ex-RCN Bowmanville) J350 - M350 52 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 8/1943 24/11/1943 7/1944 sold 5/1958
Courier (ex-RCN Arnprior) J349 - M49 53 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 9/1943 22/12/1943 9/1944 sold 3/1959
Felicity (ex-RCN Coppercliff) J369 54 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 9/1943 19/1/1944 8/1944 sold 1947
Flying Fish (ex-RCN Tillsonburg) J370 55 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 10/1943 16/2/1944 10/1944 to Ceylon 10/1949 (Vijaya)
Friendship (ex-USN) J398 35 Toronto SB, Canada 4/1942 24/10/1942 9/1943 to USA 1/1947
Golden Fleece (ex-RCN Humberstone) J376 - M376 56 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 8/1943 29/2/1944 9/1944 sold 8/1960
Gozo (ex-USN) J287 36 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 8/1942 27/1/1943 10/1943 to USA 12/1946, to Greece 10/1948 (Polemistis)
Jaseur J428 - M428 59 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 12/1943 19/4/1944 10/1944 sold 2/1956
Laertes J433 - M433 60 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 1/1944 25/3/1944 3/1945 sold 4/1959
Lightfoot (ex-USN) J288 37 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 8/1942 14/11/1942 10/1943 to USA 12/1946, to Greece 2/1948 (Navmachos)
Lioness (ex-RCN Petrolia) J377 - M377 57 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 11/1943 15/3/1944 12/1944 sold 11/1956
Lysander (ex-RCN Hespeler) J379 77 Port Arthur, Canada 6/1943 11/11/1943 11/1944 sold 11/1957
Maenad J435 - M435 61 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 3/1943 8/6/1944 11/1944 sold 12/1957
Magicienne J436 - M436 62 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 2/1944 24/6/1944 5/1945 sold 3/1956
Mameluke J437 63 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 3/1944 19/7/1944 3/1945 sold 4/1950
Mandate J438 - M438 64 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 4/1944 9/8/1944 3/1945 sold 12/1957
Mariner (ex-RCN Kincardine) J380 - M380 79 Port Arthur, Canada 8/1943 9/5/1945 5/1945 to Burma 4/1958 (Yan Myo)
Marmion (ex-RCN Orangeville) J381 - M381 80 Port Arthur, Canada 8/1943 15/6/1944 6/1945 sold 8/1959
Marvel J443 - M443 65 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 4/1944 30/8/1944 4/1945 sold 5/1958
Mary Rose (ex-RCN Toronto) J360 - M360 46 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 2/1943 5/8/1943 4/1945 sold 11/1957
Melita (ex-USN) J289 - M289 38 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 7/1942 8/12/1942 12/1943 sold 2/1959
Michael J444 - M444 66 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 4/1944 20/9/1944 5/1945 sold 11/1956
Minstrel J445 67 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 6/1944 5/10/1944 6/1945 to Siam 4/1947 (Phosampton)
Moon (ex-RCN Mimico) J329 - M329 47 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 3/1943 2/9/1943 7/1944 sold 11/1957
Myrmidon J454 - M454 68 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 7/1944 21/10/1944 7/1945 sold 12/1958
Mystic J455 - M455 69 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 8/1944 11/11/1944 8/1945 sold 5/1958
Nerissa J456 - M456 70 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 8/1944 25/11/1944 8/1945 sold 8/1960
Nicator J457 71 Toronto SB, Canada 10/1944 --- --- cancelled 11/1944
Niger   72 Toronto SB, Canada 9/1944 --- --- cancelled 11/1944
Nonpareil J459 73 Toronto SB, Canada 10/1944 --- --- cancelled 11/1944
Nox J459 74 Toronto SB, Canada --- --- --- cancelled 11/1944
Octavia (ex-USN) J290 39 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 9/1942 31/12/1942 2/1944 sold 4/1950
Odin J460 75 Toronto SB, Canada --- --- --- cancelled 11/1944
Orcadia J462 - M462 81 Port Arthur, Canada 11/1943 8/8/1944 8/1945 sold 12/1958
Ossory J463 - M463 82 Port Arthur, Canada 11/1943 3/10/1944 9/1945 sold 3/1959
Persian (ex-USN) J347 40 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 10/1942 22/2/1943 11/1943 to USA 12/1946
Pluto J446 - M46 83 Port Arthur, Canada 1/1944 21/10/1944 10/1945 auxiliary 1956, BU 9/1972
Polaris J447 84 Port Arthur, Canada 5/1944 13/12/1944 10/1945 sold 9/1956
Postillion (ex-USN) J296 41 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 11/1942 18/3/1943 11/1943 to USA 12/1946, to Greece 1947 (Machitis)
Prompt (ex-RCN Huntsville) J478 58 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 11/1943 30/3/1944 9/1944 CTL 9/5/1945
Providence (ex-RCN Forrest Hill) J325 - M325 48 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 7/1943 27/10/1943 5/1944 sold 5/1958
Pyrrhus J448 - M448 85 Port Arthur, Canada 1/1944 19/5/1945 11/1945 sold 9/1956
Regulus (ex-RCN Longbranch) J327 49 Toronto SB, Canada 4/1943 18/9/1943 5/1944 sunk 12/1/1945
Romola J449 - M449 129 Port Arthur, Canada 3/1944 21/11/1944 5/1945 sold 11/1957
Rosamund J439 130 Port Arthur, Canada 4/1944 20/12/1944 7/1945 to South Africa 9/1947 (Bloemfontein)
Seabear (ex-RCN St. Thomas) J333 - M333 50 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 7/1943 6/11/1943 6/1944 sold 12/1958
Serene (ex-RCN Leaside) J354 - M354 51 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 7/1943 18/10/1943 9/1944 sold 3/1959
Skipjack (ex-RCN Solebay, ex-USN) J300 - M17 42 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 11/1942 4/7/1943 4/1944 sold 3/1959
Styx J440 129 Port Arthur, Canada 7/1944 --- --- cancelled 11/1944
Thisbe (ex-USN) J302 - M302 43 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 12/1942 12/4/1943 6/1944 sold 12/1957
Truelove (ex-USN) J303 - M303 44 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 7/1942 8/7/1943 4/1944 sold 12/1957
Welfare (ex-USN) J356 - M356 45 Redfern, Toronto, Canada 2/1943 15/7/1943 4/1944 sold 11/1957
RCN
Border Cities (RCN) J344 71 Port Arthur, Canada 8/1942 3/5/1943 5/1944 sold 1949
Fort Francis (RCN) J396 - FSE168 76 Port Arthur, Canada 5/1943 30/10/1943 10/1944 survey vessel 1948
Kapuskasing (RCN) J326 - FSE169 74 Port Arthur, Canada 12/1942 22/7/1943 8/1944 survey vessel 1959
Middlesex (RCN) J328 72 Port Arthur, Canada 9/1942 27/5/1943 6/1944 rescue ship 1946
New Liskeard (RCN) J397 - FSE170 78 Port Arthur, Canada 8/1943 31/1/1944 11/1944 TS 1948, survey vessel 1959
Oshawa (RCN) J330 - FSE171 73 Port Arthur, Canada 10/1942 6/10/1943 7/1944 survey vessel 1958
Portage (RCN) J331 - FSE172 69 Port Arthur, Canada 5/1942 21/11/1942 10/1943 TS 1947, sold 1958
Rockcliff (RCN) J355 - FSE173 75 Port Arthur, Canada 12/1942 19/8/1943 9/1944 TS 1947, sold 1950
St. Boniface (RCN) J332 68 Port Arthur, Canada 5/1942 5/11/1942 10/1943 sold 1946
Sault Ste. Marie (ex-The Soo) (RCN) J334 - FSE174 66 Port Arthur, Canada 1/1942 5/8/1942 6/1943 TS 1949, sold 1959
Wallaceburg (RCN) J336 - FSE175 70 Port Arthur, Canada 7/1942 17/12/1942 11/1943 TS 1950, to Belgium 1959 (Georges Lecointe)
Winnipeg (RCN) J337 - FSE176 67 Port Arthur, Canada 1/1942 19/9/1942 7/1943 to Belgium 1959 (A. F. Dufour)

 

Displacement standard, t

950 - 1030

Displacement full, t

1235 - 1325

Length, m

68.6

Breadth, m

10.8

Draught, m

3.10 - 3.28 deep load (3.84 - 3.99 by screws)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

2400

Max speed, kts

16.5

Fuel, t

oil 230 - 239

Endurance, nm(kts)

6000(12)

Armament

1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV or 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV (more often), 4 DCT, 2 DCR (90 - 92 in ASW role), sweeps

Courier, Jaseur, Lioness, Serene, Wave, Welcome: 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (90 - 92 in ASW role), sweeps

RCN ships:1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV or 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV (more often), 4 DCT, 2 DCR (90 - 92)

Sensors radar, sonar

Complement

85 - 138

Ship project history: After order in a beginning of war of small minesweepers of Bangor class, Admiralty returned to the ship of the big sizes close to Halcyon class, but with smaller slenderness of the hull (L/B was 6.4 against 7.3). On request of the Admiralty, new minesweepers should, besides the developed minesweeping equipment (sweeps for acoustic, magnetic and contact mines) to carry strong enough anti-submarine armaments. Actually, Algerine class could solve the same tasks, as Flower class corvette, and in days of war minesweepers of this class very often attracted for escort service performance. However such universality has been bought in literal sense by expensive price: the building of one Algerine class minesweeper managed more expensively, than two corvettes of Flower class. Nevertheless, in Canadian Navy they fulfilled a role of escort ships and did not carry the minesweeping equipment.

On usual practice, the ships had machinery as with geared turbines (are known as Algerine type 1940), and with vertical triple expansion steam engine (Algerine type 1941).

In total 48 ships were built on British yards (29 with turbines and 19 with VTE). The order for 4 ships with turbines and on 5 with VTE have been cancelled.

From 62 ships built on Canadian yards, 19 were ordered by RN, 15 intended for the USN on "reverse" lend-lease (in the end of 1943 of the USA, already satisfied the "minesweeping" hunger, cancelled an order on 6 of them, eventually "cancelled" and "ordered" have got to British fleet). From 28 ships intended for Canadian fleet under the agreement between the governments of England and Canada 16 are transferred to Royal Navy in exchange for 4 corvettes of Flower class and 12 of Castle class. The order for 6 ships for Canadians was cancelled.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Regulus was lost 12/1/1945 on a mine in Mediterranean sea. Prompt 8/5/1945 and Hydra 10/11/1944 were damaged by mines, never repaired and stricken in 1945. 

RCN ships are used as escorts only and reclassified to coastal escorts in 1953.

Rattlesnake 1952

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-10