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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

ESCORTS   

"TRIBAL" frigates (ASHANTI) (1961 - 1964)

Mohawk 1963

Ashanti 1963

Eskimo 1979

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Ashanti F117 2121 Yarrow, Scotstoun 15/1/1958 9/3/1959 23/11/1961 HS 1980
Eskimo F119 2001 White, Cowes 22/10/1958 20/3/1961 21/2/1963 BU 5/1992
Gurkha F122 4180 Thornycroft, Woolston 3/11/1958 11/7/1960 13/2/1963 to Indonesia 4/1984 (Wilhemus Zakarias)
Mohawk F125 1063 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 23/12/1960 5/4/1962 29/11/1963 BU 9/1982
Nubian F131   Portsmouth DYd 7/9/1959 6/9/1960 9/10/1962 sunk as target 27/5/1987
Tartar F133   Devonport DYd 22/10/1959 19/9/1960 26/2/1962 to Indonesia 1984 (Hasanuddin)
Zulu F124 674 Stephen, Govan 13/12/1960 3/7/1962 17/4/1964 to Indonesia 1984 (Martha Krystina Tiyahahu)

 

Displacement standard, t

2300

Displacement full, t

2700

Length, m

106.7 pp 109.7 oa

Breadth, m

12.9

Draught, m

4.00 max

No of shafts

1

Machinery

COSAG: 1 set Metrovick geared steam turbines, 1 Babcock & Wilcox boiler + AEI G6 gas turbine

Power, h. p.

12500 + 7500 = 20000

Max speed, kts

27

Fuel, t

oil + gas turbine oil 400

Endurance, nm(kts)

4500(12)

Armament

F117, 119, 122, 125, 131, 133: 2 x 1 - 120/45 Mk 5, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 7 or 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 7, 1 x 3 - 305 Limbo Mk 10 ASWRL, 1 helicopter (Wasp)

F124: 2 x 4 Sea Cat GWS21 SAM (24 Sea Cat), 2 x 1 - 120/45 Mk 5, 1 x 3 - 305 Limbo Mk 10 ASWRL, 1 helicopter (Wasp)

Sensors

type 965 AKE-1, type 293Q, type 903, type 978 radars, type 170B, type 177, type 162 sonars, UA-8/9 ECM suite, 2x Corvus decoy RL

Complement

253

Ship project history: Inspired by the work already done on the Common Hull Frigate, the Naval Staff drew up a project known as a Common Purpose Frigate (later called a Sloop) having a second-rate AA, ASW and AD capability; in effect this meant a reversion to general-purpose ships, an admission that the breakdown into single-purpose ships was wrong. The armament was to be two twin 102mm Mk 16, a twin 40mm Mk 5, a Limbo Mk 10 mortar and eight ASW TT. The standard sonar and radars were to be provided, but a measure of aircraft-direction was to be provided by a USN SPS-6C long-range radar.

    Several changes of armament were proposed: a twin 76mm/70 Mk 6 and two Vickers single automatic 102mm in turn, but these were rejected to avoid pushing up dimensions. Then it was decided to Anglicise the SPS-6C radar, and until the weight and dimensions of the new Type 965 radar aerial were known the lattice mast could not be designed; allowance was made for an aerial weighing 2 times the manufacturers' 1956 estimate, and this turned out to be sufficient! The result was a very light mast which actually weighed less than the array it carried. Less difficulty was encountered with the fire control, for the Type 802 system was cancelled and replaced by the light MRS3, again Anglicised USN equipment, this time based on their Mk 56 director.

    The designation 'sloop' was chosen deliberately because 'frigate' denoted a single-mission ship, and from the unused general purpose 80 series came the later designation Type 81. Subsequently there was political pressure to show that the RN was capable of increasing its frigate force, and to bow to this whim the worthy designation of sloop was changed to frigate. There was a need to replace the nine 'Loch' class vessels in the Persian Gulf, and this became the prime mission for the new design. Several more attempts were made to upgrade the design, mainly to increase speed, but these were ruled out.

    The most important innovation was the adoption of COSAG machinery, half that of the Kent class, whose design was proceeding at the same time. Ashanti was thus in effect the test-bed for the new machinery and the weight saved could be used for a more effective armament. Air warning radar could be accommodated, and as the trials with light helicopters in Type 15 frigates had proved successful it was decided to try to incorporate a hangar for a Fairey Ultra Light helicopter. This hangar was ingenious, the lift forming both the roof of the hangar and the flight deck. When the helicopter (in fact a Wasp) was stowed the hangar was closed by portable roof-sections.

    The adoption of COSAG machinery necessitated two funnels, the foremost serving the boiler room and the aftermost the gas turbine room. The ships were also unusual in having a tapering flush deck, giving good freeboard forward on a small displacement without sacrificing strength or covered access. On the displacement and cost-limits it was possible to provide only two single hand-loaded semi-automatic 114mm Mk 5 guns (for shore bombardment) but provision was made for two Seacat (2 x 4) launchers, which replaced the 40mm weapons.

Modernizations: 1970, Ashanti, Gurkha: + type 199 sonar

late 1960s, Ashanti, Eskimo, Gurkha, Mohawk, Nubian, Tartar: - (2 x 1 - 40/60 or 2 x 1 - 20/70); + 2 x 4 Sea Cat GWS21 SAM (24 Sea Cat), 2x type 262 radars

late 1970s, all: - type 293Q radar; + type 993 radar

Naval service: No significant events.

Gurkha 1977

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.

Ivan Gogin, 2015