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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

ESCORTS

"HUNT" 1st type escort destroyers (1940 - 1941)

Brocklesby 1942

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Atherstone L05 - F05 1043 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 6/1939 12/12/1939 3/1940 BU 11/1957
Berkeley L17 1044 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 6/1939 29/1/1940 6/1940 sunk 19/8/1942
Blencathra L24 - F24 1048 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 11/1939 6/8/1940 12/1940 BU 1/1957
Brocklesby L42 - F142 1049 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 11/1939 30/9/1940 5/1941 BU 10/1968
Cattistock L35 - F135 1734 Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1939 22/2/1940 8/1940 BU 6/1957
Cleveland L46 - F146 1735 Yarrow, Scotstoun 7/1939 24/4/1940 9/1940 wrecked 28/6/1957
Cotswold L54 - F154 1736 Yarrow, Scotstoun 10/1939 18/7/1940 11/1940 BU 9/1957
Cottesmore L78 - F178 1737 Yarrow, Scotstoun 12/1939 5/9/1940 12/1940 to Egypt 9/1950 (Ibrahim El Awal)
Eglinton L87 - F87 14 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 6/1939 28/12/1939 8/1940 BU 5/1956
Exmoor L61 15 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 6/1939 25/1/1940 10/1940 sunk 25/2/1941
Fernie L11 - F111 561 John Brown, Clydebank 6/1939 9/1/1940 5/1940 BU 11/1956
Garth L20 - F120 562 John Brown, Clydebank 6/1939 14/2/1940 7/1940 BU 8/1958
Hambledon L37 - F137 1571 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 6/1939 12/12/1939 6/1940 hulk 1955, BU 9/1957
Holderness L48 - F148 1573 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 6/1939 8/2/1940 8/1940 BU 11/1956
Liddesdale L100 20 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 11/1939 19/8/1940 2/1941 BU 1/1948
Mendip L60 - F160 1577 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 8/1940 9/4/1940 10/1940 to China 5/1948 - 6/1949 (Lin Fu), to Egypt 11/1949 (Mohamed Ali El Kebir)
Meynell L82 - F182 1579 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 8/1939 7/6/1940 12/1940 to Equador 10/1954 (Presidente Velasco Ibarra)
Pytchley L92 - F192 581 Scotts, Greenock 7/1939 13/2/1940 10/1940 BU 12/1956
Quantock L58 - F158 582 Scotts, Greenock 7/1939 22/4/1940 2/1941 to Equador 10/1954 (Presidente Alfaro)
Quorn L66 1882 White, Cowes 8/1939 27/3/1940 8/1940 sunk 3/8/1944
Southdown L25 - F25 1883 White, Cowes 8/1939 5/7/1940 11/1940 BU 11/1956
Tynedale L96 571 A. Stephens, Linthouse 7/1939 5/6/1940 11/1940 sunk 12/12/1943
Whaddon L45 - F145 572 A. Stephens, Linthouse 7/1939 16/7/1940 2/1941 BU 4/1959

 

Displacement standard, t

1000

Displacement full, t

1340, finally up to 1420 - 1450

Length, m

80.5 pp 85.3 oa

Breadth, m

8.84

Draught, m

3.81 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

19000

Max speed, kn

28

Fuel, t

oil 240

Endurance, nm(kts)

2500(20)

Armament

2 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30)

Atherstone, Fernie, Hambledon: 3 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30)

Sensors presumably type 285 radar, type 123A, 177 sonars

Complement

147

Ship project history: "Hunt" class ships were designed according to the concept of fast escort capable, besides providing of air defence of convoys, to solve some functions of destroyers. This concept was accepted by Admiralty early 1938  and allowed to expedite replenishing of RN destroyer flotillas: that became especially actual in view of scheduled to this time delay of completing of large and complex destroyers of "L" and "M" classes at appreciable smaller expenses.

As a starting point at designing of the new ships Bittern class sloop was chosen, she had powerful armament included 3 102mm twin DP mounts with corresponding fire control system and  anti-rolling stabilizing tanks (that was especially important for so small size ships). Design was recycled for the purpose of achieving of higher speed of 28-31kts. (Machinery power was increased from 3300 to 18000hp), one 102mm twin mount was replaced by quadruple 40mm pompom, quadruple TT was introduced. Standard displacement was only 810ts. In process of designing TT was refused, but there was a third 102mm twin mount, displacement and machinery power have a little grown. Officer cabins have transferred from a stern under a fwd superstructure at first time in RN.

Order for a building of 20 ships of 1939 program has followed in the beginning of year, 18 units were laid down before a war. 36 precisely same destroyers (classification was changed to escort destroyers in the beginning of war) have ordered under "War emergency program" in the autumn of 1939.

Lead-ship Atherstone had rather low stability as a result of error corollary in calculations. As a result the design has been urgently recycled (first of all, the breadth was increased) and ships with high degree of readiness did not allow to make serious changes to a hull structure, received a ballast (nearby 50ts), one 102mm twin was removed and pompom was transferred to aft superstructure for loads redistribution. These ships became known as "Hunt I", 20 units of 1939 program and 3 (Blencathra, Brocklesby and Leddesdale) from "War Emergency program" concerned to them.

Modernizations: 1940, Atherstone, Fernie, Hambledon: - 1 x 2 - 102/45

1941 - 1942, all survived: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, DC stowage increased up to 50

1942, Atherstone, Berkeley, Blencathra, Cattistock, Cleveland, Cotswold, Cottesmore, Eglinton, Fernie, Garth, Hambledon, Holderness, Liddesdale, Mendip, Meynell, Pytchley, Quantock, Quorn, Southdown, Whaddon: + 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

1945, Meynell: - 1 x 4 - 40/39; + 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk XI

1/1946, Brocklesby: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (50)

1/1946, Atherstone, Blencathra, Cattistock, Cleveland, Cotswold, Cottesmore, Eglinton, Fernie, Garth, Hambledon, Holderness, Liddesdale, Mendip, Pytchley, Quantock, Southdown, Whaddon: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 1 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (50)

1/1946, Meynell: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 40/60 RP.50 Mk V, 1 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (50)

Naval service: Exmoor was sunk 25/2/1941 by German MTB S30 at Lowestoft, Berkeley was sunk 19/8/1942 by German Bf 109 fighter-bomber at Dieppe. Tynedale was sunk 12/12/1943 by a torpedo from German submarine U593 at coast of Algeria. Quorn was sunk 3/8/1944 by "Linse" class suicide boats at coast of Normandy. All surviving ships were reclassified as frigates. Brocklesby was disarmed in 1953 and taken large depth-changing sonar.

Fernie 1941

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15