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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"TRIBAL" destroyers (1938 - 1948)

Eskimo 1939

Zulu 1941

Eskimo 1942

Sikh 1942

Athabascan 1943

Huron 1944

Nubian 1945

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
RN "Tribals"
Afridi F07 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 6/1936 8/6/1937 5/1938 sunk 3/5/1940
Ashanti F51 Denny, Dumbarton 11/1936 5/11/1937 12/1938 BU 4/1949
Bedouin F67 - G67 Denny, Dumbarton 6/1937 21/12/1937 3/1939 sunk 15/6/1942
Cossack F03 - L03 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 6/1936 8/6/1937 6/1938 sunk 27/10/1941
Eskimo F75 - G75 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 8/1936 3/9/1937 12/1938 BU 6/1949
Gurkha F20 Fairfield, Govan 7/1936 7/7/1937 10/1938 sunk 9/4/1940
Maori F24 Fairfield, Govan 7/1936 2/9/1937 1/1939 sunk 12/2/1942
Mashona F59 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 8/1936 3/9/1937 3/1939 sunk 28/5/1941
Matabele F26 Scotts, Greenock 10/1936 6/10/1937 1/1939 sunk 17/1/1942
Mohawk F31 - L31 Thornycroft, Woolston 7/1936 5/10/1937 9/1938 sunk 16/4/1941
Nubian F36 - G36 Thornycroft, Woolston 8/1936 21/12/1937 12/1938 BU 6/1949
Punjabi F21 - G21 Scotts, Greenock 10/1936 18/12/1937 3/1939 collision 1/5/1942
Sikh F82 A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1936 17/12/1937 10/1938 sunk 14/9/1942
Somali F33 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 8/1936 24/8/1937 12/1938 sunk 24/9/1942
Tartar F43 - G43 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 8/1936 21/10/1937 3/1939 BU 1/1948
Zulu F18 - G18 A. Stephens, Linthouse 8/1936 23/9/1937 9/1938 sunk 14/9/1942
RAN "Tribals"
Arunta (RAN) I30 - D130 Cockatoo DYd, Australia 11/1939 30/11/1940 3/1942 sold for BU 11/1968
Bataan (RAN) I91 - D191 Cockatoo DYd, Australia 2/1942 15/1/1944 5/1945 BU 5/1958
Warramunga (RAN) I44 - D123 Cockatoo DYd, Australia 2/1940 6/2/1942 11/1942 BU 2/1963
RCN "Tribals"
Athabaskan (RCN) G07 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 10/1940 18/11/1941 2/1943 sunk 29/4/1944
Haida (RCN) G63 - DDE215 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 9/1941 25/8/1942 9/1943 preserved 8/1964
Huron (RCN) G24 - DDE216 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 7/1941 25/6/1942 7/1943 BU 8/1965
Iroquois (RCN) G89 - DDE217 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 9/1940 23/9/1941 12/1942 BU 9/1966
Athabaskan (RCN) R79 - DDE219 Halifax, Canada 5/1944 14/5/1946 1/1948 BU 7/1969
Cayuga (RCN) R04 - DDE218 Halifax, Canada 10/1943 28/7/1945 10/1947 BU 2/1964
Micmac (RCN) R10 - DDE214 Halifax, Canada 5/1942 18/9/1943 9/1945 BU 3/1964
Nootka (RCN) R96 - DDE213 Halifax, Canada 5/1942 26/4/1944 8/1946 BU 10/1964

 

Displacement standard, t

1959

Canadian: 1927

Displacement full, t

2519 (later 2710)

Canadian: 2745

Length, m

108.4 pp 114.9 oa

Breadth, m

11.1

Canadian: 11.4

Draught, m

3.96 (later 4.16)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

44000

Max speed, kn

36.25 - 36.5

Fuel, t

oil 505 - 516

Endurance, nm(kts) 5700(15)

Armament

British ships: 4 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Arunta, Waramunga: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (30 DC)

Bataan: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 6 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (46 DC)

Iroquois: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Athabaskan (I): 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Huron, Haida: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Athabaskan (II), Cayuga: 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (46 DC)

Micmac, Nootka: 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT

Sensors

presumably Arunta, Warramunga, Iroquois, Athabscan (I): type 272, 285, 291 radars, sonars

presumably Huron, Haida: type 277, 285, 291 radars, sonars

presumably Bataan: type 272, 275, 291 radars, sonars

presumably Micmac, Nootka: type 268, 275, 277, 282, 291 radars, sonars

presumably Cayuga, Athabascan (II): type 262, 268, 275, 277, 291 radars, sonars

Sensors

type 127 sonar

Complement

190 - 250

Ship project history: "Tribal" class ships became the answer of Britain to occurrence in navies of probable opponents of large destroyers appreciable exceeding on armament standard British destroyers with their four 120mm guns. A starting point in designing of the new ship began requirement of Admiralty to place powerful armament including ten 120mm guns that should ensure the superiority over new foreign destroyers, such as Japanese Fubuki (3x2 127mm guns and 33 TT). Besides it, the wish to ensure leaders of "V" class (an initial designation of these ships) the strengthened air defence armament including newest multi-barrelled 40-mm pompoms expressed. Thus especially made a reservation, that the ships should not be so large that require armour protection, but to have the sufficient dimensions for providing of good seaworthiness.

By basic design working out it has appeared what to fulfil all requirements within the limits of the resolved displacement (1850t was an upper limit for leaders according to decisions of the London conference) it is impossible, and after considering of numerous variants were stopped on the design with 8 120mm guns, two quadruple 40mm pompoms (one was excluded from the specification already after the bulding beginning) and 1 quadruple TT (the truth, with a power drive). It was supposed, that the ships of this class will be brought together in a flotilla of seven-shipboard structure, and under the 1935 program building of such flotilla was provided, but this idea have soon refused, having ordered next year not 7, but 9 ships.

Structurally, except transition to heavier twin main gun mounts, application of yacht stem instead of straight one (as planed on sketch design  phases on "Tribal") and using on 30 % of more powerful machinery, "Tribal" essentially did not differ from the predecessors: the same internal arrangement and the same cross-section hull framing system. Last also became the main lack of these in remaining very successful ships.

Dominions also have replenished with "Tribal" class ships. Australian have decided to built them by own strength, but with assistance of British specialists, and machinery have been ordered in Britain. Australian "Tribals" originally differed nothing from an English pre-image. First two ships have ordered in the January, 1939, four more in May of the same year. Order for 3 additional units was cancelled before a war. Already during a building structure of armament of the ships have made the changes dictated by experience of the first months of operations in Europe. Basically they repeated works conducted on British "Tribals": in particular, "X" 120mm mount and 12.7mm MGs were replaced by DP 102mm twin and 20mm Oerlikons. Bataan become operational the last and carried 40mm/56 Boforses instead of Oerlikons.

Decision on a building of "Tribals" was accepted also by Canada in 1940, but not at itself, and in British. In 1940 the order on 4 ships has been given out. During an execution of an order in armament was changed in general repeating accepted on the Australian destroyers. More successful arranging of quadruple pompom became unique significant difference. Already after an end of the war 4 more Canadian "Tribal" class destroyers were completed, built in Canada under a little changed design (4x2 102-mm/45 guns and 40mm Boforses).

Modernizations: summer 1940, Ashanti, Bedouin, Cossack, Eskimo, Maori, Mashona, Matabele, Mohawk, Nubian, Punjabi, Sikh, Somali, Tartar, Zulu: - 1 x 2 - 120/45; + 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI

early 1941, Ashanti, Bedouin, Cossack, Eskimo, Maori, Mashona, Matabele, Mohawk, Nubian, Punjabi, Somali, Tartar: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

early 1941, Sikh, Zulu: + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

1942, Ashanti, Bedouin, Eskimo, Nubian, Punjabi, Sikh, Somali, Tartar, Zulu: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, DC stowage rose up to 46 pcs.

1943 - 1944, Ashanti, Eskimo, Tartar: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, Iroquois: - 6 x 1 - 20/70; + 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944, Nubian: + 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk I/III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944 - 1945, Arunta, Warramunga: - 6 x 1 - 20/70; + 6 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

1/1946, Ashanti: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46)

1/1946, Eskimo: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46)

1/1946, Nubian: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46)

1/1946, Tartar: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46)

1946 - 1951, Iroquois, Huron, Haida: - 3 x 2 - 120/45, 1 x 4 - 40/39, 6 x 2 - 20/70, 2 DCT, 1 DCR, type 275 (or 285) radar; + 3 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk VII, 1 x 3 - 305 Squid DCT, Mk 28 radar

1951 - 1955, all survived Canadian ships were modernized as follows:

Displacement standard, t

2200

Displacement full, t

2500

Length, m

108.4 pp 114.9 oa

Breadth, m

11.4

Draught, m

4.16

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

44000

Max speed, kn

36.25

Fuel, t

oil 505 - 516

Armament

2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 22, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Boffin, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid DCT

Cayuga, Athabaskan: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 22, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 7, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid DCT

Sensors

SPS-10, SPS-6, Mk 28, type 293, 262 radars, type 170, 174 sonars

Cayuga, Athabaskan: type 275,293, 262, 268, 277 radars, type 170, 174 sonars

Complement

240

1953, Arunta; 1954, Warramunga: new lattice mast, superstructure was lengthened. - 1 x 2 - 120/45, 4 x 1 - 40/60, 1 x 4 - 40/39; + 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 1 x 3 - 305 Squid DCT

Naval service: Afridy 3/5/1940 was sunk by German Ju 87 bomber W of Namsus (Norway). Ashanti 17/10/1940 was wrecked by a storm on rocks at Sunderland coast (England), repair lasted till the end of August, 1941. Bedouin 15/6/1942 was badly damaged by 152mm shell from Italian cruisers Eugenio di Savoia Duca degli Abruzzi and Raimondo Montecuccoli S of island Pantelleria, later she was finished by Italian S.79 bomber (torpedo). Cossack 13/4/1940 was seriously damaged by hits of four 127mm shells from German destroyers and as a result of beaching in harbour of Narvik, repaired till August, 1940; 23/10/1941 she was badly damaged by German submarine U563 W of Gibraltar, 27/10/1941 sunk. Eskimo 13/4/1940 was badly damaged by hit of a torpedo from German destroyer Georg Thiele (fore hull part was broken off), repair lasted till September, 1940. Gurkha 9/4/1940 was sunk by German Ju 88 bomber W of Bergen. Maori was sunk by German Ju 88 bomber 12/2/1942 on Malta. Mashona was sunk by German Ju 88 bomber SW of Ireland 28/5/1941. Matabele in the end of May, 1940 was damaged by German aircraft at coast of northern Norway, repair lasted till the middle of August, 1940; she was sunk by German submarine U454 in Barents sea 17/1/1942. Mohawk was torpedoed by Italian destroyer Luca Tarigo 16/4/1941 off cape Bon and finished by gunfire of destroyer Janus. Punjabi was damaged by 127mm shells from German destroyers Giese and Roeder, repaired till June, 1940; she was lost at collision with battleship King George V in Northern Atlantic 1/5/1942. Sikh was sunk by German coastal battery at Tobruk 14/9/1942. Somali was damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U703 S of Iceland 20/9/1942 and foundered during tow 24/9/1942. Zulu was damaged by German Ju 88 bomber at Tobruk and sunk 14/9/1942 at tow. Athabaskan 29/4/1944 was torpedoed by German torpedo boat 24 N of Ile de Bas (La Manche), blown up and sunk.

    Haida was preserved as memorial in Toronto. Arunta was foundered when towing to Japan for scrap 13/2/1969.

Tartar 1941

Bataan

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15