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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

SCOTT destroyer leaders (1918-1919)

Scott 1918

Montrose 1943

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Scott F98   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 2/1917 18/10/1917 1/1918 sunk 15/8/1918
Bruce F48, D81   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 5/1917 26/2/1918 5/1918 sunk as target 22/11/1939
Douglas D09, G00, D90   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 6/1917 8/5/1918 8/1918 BU 3/1945
Montrose F45, D01   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 10/1917 10/6/1918 9/1918 damaged 10/6/1944, never repaired, BU 1/1946
Stuart (10/1933- RAN) G46, D00   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 10/1917 22/8/1918 12/1918 BU 2/1947
Campbell G76, D60   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 11/1917 21/9/1918 12/1918 BU 2/1947
Mackay (ex-Claverhouse) FA6, D70   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 3/1918 21/12/1918 5/1919 BU 2/1947
Malcolm D19   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 3/1918 29/5/1919 12/1919 BU 7/1945
Barrington     Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 1918 --- --- cancelled 12/1918
Hughes     Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 1918 --- --- cancelled 12/1918

 

   

Displacement normal, t

1580

Displacement full, t

2050

Length, m

101.3

Breadth, m

9.68

Draught, m

3.81

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow boilers

Stuart, Montrose: 2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 500

Endurance, nm(kts)

5000(15)

Armament

5 x 1 - 120/45 BL Mk I, 1 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk II, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR

Complement

164

Ship project history: A design of flotilla leader was prepared in the spring of 1916 to incorporate features of the Shakespeare class, but using standard Admiralty practice so that contracts could be given to other builders. It was suggested that Thornycroft's drawings should be given to Cammell Laird to enable them to achieve similar weight-rediuctions and Barrington and Hughes were in fact ordered to the Shakespeare design, but the DNC advised against this move as non-specialist builders were unlikely to be able to achieve similar standards, and the two were subsequently changed to standard Admiralty leaders. The design was very similar to the Shakespeare, but they were heavier and slower. On her acceptance trials Scott reached about 33kts at a displacement of 1716t. and in a comparative trial reached 36.63kts at 1770t. Machinery weighed about 70t more than in the Thornycroft boats. Externally the major difference was the funnels, which were round in the Admiralty design, instead of flat-sided. Scott was ordered in April 1916, followed by Bruce and Douglas in December, and the remainder in April 1917.

    Designs were originally developed by Admiralty and Thornycroft (originally they had to be armed by  6 102mm guns) in parallel, but then it was decided to unify design as much as possible,  Thornycroft design was a little redesigned, being armed by 5 127mm guns (as in the Admiralty variant). Soon 127mm guns in both designs were replaced by Army 120mm which adapted for sea conditions (127mm guns were then on a paper only). 2 40mm AA pompoms, 6 TT and 1 76mm AA gun supplemented armament.

Modernizations: 1919, Mackay: - 1 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX; + 1 x 1 - 120/45 BL Mk I

1920s, Campbell: + type 114 sonar

1928, Mackay: - 1 x 1 - 120/45; + 1 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX (temporarily for tests)

mid-1930s, all: - 2 x 1 - 40/39

1930s, all: + type 124 or type 127 sonar

late 1940, Douglas, Campbell, Malcolm, Mackay, Montrose: - 1 x 1 - 120/45 ("Q"); + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, DCs stowage rose up to 50 pcs.

early 1941, Stuart: - 2 x 1 - 120/45 ("Q" & "Y"); + 4 x 1 - 20/65 M1940 (Italian), 2 DCT, 2 DCR

1941 - 1942, Mackay, Montrose: - 1 x 1 - 120/45 ("X")

1941 - 1942, Campbell, Douglas, Mackay, Malcolm, Montrose: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1941 - 1944, most: + type 271, type 285, type 286 radars

1942, Campbell: - 1 x 1 - 120/45 ("X"); + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

early 1942, Douglas: - 2 x 1 - 120/45 ("A" & "Y"), 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 DCT (70 DCs totally)

early 1942, Malcolm: - 2 x 1 - 120/45 ("A" & "Y"), 1 x 3 - 533 TT, type 124 or type 127 sonar; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 2 DCT (70 DCs totally)

1942, Douglas: - type 124 or type 127 sonar; 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, type 144 sonar

1942, Stuart: - 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

late 1942 - early 1943, Campbell: - 4 x 1 - 40/39; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

late 1942 - early 1943, Douglas, Malcolm: - 2 x 1 - 40/39; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944, Campbell, Mackay, Montrose: - 1 x 1 - 120/45 ("A"); + 1 x 2 - 57/47 6pdr 10cwt QF Mk I. Full displacement of ships of class was 2185 - 2235 t.

1944, Stuart: was converted to APD: 2 boilers were removed and their room was converted to accommodation for marines; - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 1 - 76/45, 3 x 1 - 20/65, 4 DCT, 3 DCR; + 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1/1946, Campbell: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk VI, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Mk II, 1 x 2 - 57/47 Mk I, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (50), type 271, type 285, type 286 or type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Mackay: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk VI, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Mk II, 1 x 2 - 57/47 Mk I, 2 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (50), type 271, type 285, type 286 or type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

Naval service: Scott was torpedoed by German submarine in North sea off Danish coast 15/8/1918. Montrose was damaged in Normandy landing 10/6/1944 and never repaired completely.

Campbell 1935

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15