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ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"Q" and "R" destroyers (1942 - 1943)

Raider 1943

Rocket 1944

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"Q" group
Quadrant (RAN 10/1943) G11 - D17 - D11 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 9/1940 28/2/1942 11/1942 BU 2/1963
Quail G45 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 9/1941 1/6/1942 1/1943 sunk 18/6/1944
Quality (RAN 10/1945) G62 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 10/1940 6/10/1941 9/1942 BU 4/1958
Queenborough (RAN 10/1945) G70 - D70 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 11/1940 16/1/1942 12/1942 TS 7/1966, BU 4/1975
Quentin G78 White, Cowes 9/1940 5/11/1941 4/1942 sunk 2/12/1942
Quiberon (RAN 7/1942) G81 - D20 - D81 White, Cowes 10/1940 31/1/1942 7/1942 BU 2/1972
Quickmatch (RAN 9/1942) G92 - D21 - D92 White, Cowes 2/1941 11/4/1942 9/1942 BU 2/1972
Quilliam G09 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 8/1941 29/11/1941 10/1942 to Netherlands 11/1945 (Banckert)
"R" group
Racehorse H11 John Brown, Clydebank 6/1941 1/6/1942 10/1942 BU 12/1949
Raider H15 - D15 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 4/1941 1/4/1942 11/1942 to India 9/1949 (Rana)
Rapid H32 - D138 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 6/1941 16/7/1942 2/1943 TS 1966, for disposal 1979, sunk as target 3/9/1981
Redoubt H41 - D141 John Brown, Clydebank 6/1941 2/5/1942 10/1942 to India 7/1949 (Ranjit)
Relentless H85 - D185 John Brown, Clydebank 6/1941 15/7/1942 11/1942 BU 6/1971
Rocket H92 - D191 Scotts, Greenock 3/1941 28/10/1942 8/1943 BU 3/1967
Roebuck H95 - D195 Scotts, Greenock 6/1941 10/12/1942 6/1943 BU 8/1969
Rotherham H09 - D209 John Brown, Clydebank 4/1941 21/3/1942 8/1942 to India 7/1949 (Rajput)

 

Displacement standard, t

1705 - 1725

Displacement full, t

2425 - 2480

Length, m

103.5 pp 109.2 oa

Breadth, m

10.9

Draught, m

4.22 - 4.29 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum diesels

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kn

36.75

Fuel, t

oil 588

Endurance, nm(kts) 4675(20)

Armament

4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 3 DCR (45 DC)

Rocket, Roebuck: 4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 3 DCR (70 DC)

Sensors

presumably type 272, 282, 285, 291, type 123, 127 sonars

Complement

175 - 225

Ship project history: Order for 16 ships of "Q" and "R" classes has been given out in December, 1939 and April, 1940 respectively, but actually works have begun only in autumn 1940 because of congestion of Yards by repair of ships damaged during Norwegian and French campaigns. They repeated design of "O" class, but dimensions and displacement are a little increased, first of all, for placing of an additional fuel stowage. It was originally planed to mount a 102mm AA gun instead of second TT bank but it was refused before completion. The arrangement of officer cabins on "R" class was changed as on "Hunt" class escorts: they were moved from stern to bow below superstructure.

The design provided possibility of removing of "Y" mount (usual practice on interwar destroyer classes) with increase in number of DCT to 8 and DC stowage to 120 pieces, however in practice to a similar measure did not resort, and increasing of ASW abilities passed without artillery easing. Soon after completion number of DCT has increased to 4, and DC stowage from 70 to 130 pieces on majority of the ships.

Modernizations: late 1942 - early 1943, all but Rocket and Roebuck: + 2 DCT (70 - 130 DC totally)

1943, all but Rocket and Roebuck: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944, Raider, Rotherham, Redoubt: - 4 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk I/III

1/1946, Racehorse, Rapid, Relentless, Rocket, Roebuck: 4 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 3 DCR (130)

1/1946, Raider, Redoubt, Rotherham: 4 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 3 DCR (130)

1952 - 1957, type 15 frigates, as follows. Ships had taken fully new silhouette, forecastle was enlarged and new aluminium alloy superstructure fitted.

Relentless 1963

Relentless 1967

Name No Reconstructed Yard Fate
Rapid F138 1952 - 1953 A. Stephens, Linthouse TS 1966, sunk as target 3/9/1981
Relentless F185 1950 - 1952 Portsmouth DYd BU 6/1971
Rocket F191 1950 - 1952 Devonport DYd BU 3/1967
Roebuck F195 1952 - 1953 Devonport DYd BU 8/1969
Australian ships
Quadrant F01 4/1950 - 7/1953 Williamstown DYd, Australia BU 2/1963
Queenborough F02 5/1950 - 12/1954 Cockatoo DYd, Australia TS 7/1966, BU 4/1975
Quiberon F03 11/1950 - 12/1957 Cockatoo DYd, Australia BU 2/1972
Quickmatch F04 4/1951 - 9/1955 Cockatoo DYd, Australia BU 2/1972

 

Displacement standard, t

2240

Displacement full, t

2850

Length, m

103.5 pp 109.2 oa

Breadth, m

10.9

Draught, m

4.20 - 4.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kn

36.75

Endurance, nm (kts)

3000 (20) (476 t of oil)

Armament

F138, F195, F01: 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 3 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 9, 2 x 1 - 533 TT (8), 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 4 DCT

F185, F191, F02 - F04: 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 3 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 9, 2 x 3 - 305 Limbo Mk 10 DCT

Sensors

type 278, 262, 293 radars, type 170, 174 sonars

Complement

195

 

late 1950s, Quadrant, Rapid, Roebuck: - 2 x 1 - 533 TT

 

Naval service: Quentin was sunk by two Italian air torpedoes from Ju 88 bomber 2/12/1942 at coast of Tunis. Quail 15/11/1943 was mined on German mine off Bari (Mediterranean) by the mine from German submarine U453, towed to a port, but 18/6/1944 foundered at towing from Bari to Taranto. Quilliam was badly damaged in May, 1945 at collision with aircraft carrier Indomitable and repaired 3 months.

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15