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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"O" and "P" destroyers (1941 - 1942)

Obedient 1942

Onslow 1942

Onslow 1942

Pakenham 1943

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"O" group (destroyers)
Offa G29 - D29 Fairfield, Govan 7/1940 11/3/1941 9/1941 to Pakistan 11/1949 (Tariq)
Onslaught (ex-Pathfinder) G04 - D04 Fairfield, Govan 1/1941 9/10/1941 6/1942 to Pakistan 3/1951 (Tughril)
Onslow (ex-Pakenham) G17 - D17 John Brown, Clydebank 7/1940 31/3/1941 10/1941 to Pakistan 11/1949 (Tippu Sultan)
Oribi (ex-Observer) G66 Fairfield, Govan 1/1940 14/1/1941 7/1941 to Turkey 1/1946 (Gayret)
"O" group (minelayers)
Obdurate G39 - D139 Denny, Dumbarton 4/1940 19/2/1942 9/1942 BU 11/1964
Obedient G48 - D248 Denny, Dumbarton 5/1940 30/4/1942 10/1942 BU 10/1962
Opportune G80 - D180 Thornycroft, Woolston 3/1940 21/1/1942 8/1942 BU 11/1955
Orwell G98 - D98 Thornycroft, Woolston 5/1940 2/4/1942 10/1942 BU 6/1965
"P" group
Pakenham (ex-Onslow) G06 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 2/1940 28/1/1941 2/1942 sunk 16/4/1943
Paladin G69 - D169 John Brown, Clydebank 7/1940 11/6/1941 12/1941 BU 10/1962
Panther G41 Fairfield, Govan 7/1940 28/5/1941 12/1941 sunk 9/10/1943
Partridge G30 Fairfield, Govan 6/1940 5/8/1941 2/1942 sunk 18/12/1942
Pathfinder (ex-Onslaught) G10 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 3/1940 10/4/1941 4/1942 CTL 11/2/1945
Penn G77 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 12/1939 12/2/1941 2/1942 BU 10/1950
Petard (ex-Persistent) G56 - D26 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 12/1939 27/3/1941 6/1942 BU 6/1967
Porcupine G93 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 12/1939 10/6/1941 8/1942 CTL 9/12/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

1540 - 1550

Displacement full, t

2220 - 2270 (later 2365 - 2430)

Length, m

100.2 pp 105.2 oa

Breadth, m

10.7

Draught, m

4.11 (later 4,24 - 4,32) deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kn

37

Fuel, t

oil 472

Endurance, nm(kts) 3850(20)

Armament

Obdurate, Obedient, Opportune, Orwell: 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (30 DC), 60 mines

Offa, Onslaught, Onslow, Oribi: 4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (30 DC)

"P" class: 5 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70 DC)

Sensors

presumably type 272, 282, 285, 291 radars, type 123, 127 sonars

Complement

176 - 212

Ship project history: The first representatives so-called "Intermediate destroyers" which concept has developed by Admiralty in 1938. They should hold intermediate position between large fleet destroyers (since "Tribal" class) and fast escorts of "Hunt" class. At the expense of some simplification of a construction and armament their building was supposed to be conducted quickly enough (in comparison with large destroyers), that would allow to change outdated "V" and "Modified W" classes destroyers in the shortest terms. As starting point for designing "J" class destroyer has been chosen, hull and machinery which borrowed practically without changes (have only slightly moderated dimensions). It was originally planed to use both single and twin 120mm mounts but at a phase of a basic design the latter had refused. In an ultimate kind "intermediate" destroyer at displacement 1500t had armament consisted of four single 120mm mounts, multi-barrelled pompom, two quadruple 12.7mm MGs and two quadruple TT, i.e. she differed from "" class by only pompom and larger DC stowage (up to 30).

The order for building of 8 ships of "O" class has been given out in day of the entering of UK to war 3/9/1939, within "Emergency war program" (therefore the ships of this type called as "1st emergency flotilla"), the order for precisely same 8 ships ("" class or "2nd emergency flotilla") has followed exactly a month later.

War experience has raised the question about strengthening of AA armament, and in the summer of 1940 in the specification one of TTs has changed by 102mm AA gun. In the end of a year an idea appeared to rearm the ships by twin 102mm mounts but since the latter did not suffice, the choice has fallen on all same single 102mm mounts, and in February, 1941 the decision followed to rearm 8 ships (6 of "" class and 2 of "O" class, for uniformity last two have interchanged their names on beginning from "P" from 120mm to 102mm AA guns (four on standard places and one more instead of one TT). Moderated loads with new guns allowed to strengthen anti-submarine armament.

In March, 1941 it has been decided to arrange 4 ships of "O" class as minelayers. As well as in a case with "" class, their artillery had been changed from 120mm to 102mm, but their number have shrunk to 4, second TT returned on its place, and rails for 60 mines were mounted on stern deck aft from second funnel. Removing of one of 102mm gun and one TT for loads reduction was provided if maximal mine stowage was carried.

Modernizations:  1943, all: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, "O" class: + 2 DCT (60 DC totally)

1943 - 1944, Offa, Onslaught, Onslow, Paladin, Pathfinder, Penn, Petard: - 1 x 1 - 102/45; + 1 x 4 - 533 TT

late 1944, Petard: - 4 x 1 - 102/45; + 2 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1/1946, Offa, Onslaught, Onslow: 4 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (60)

1/1946, Oribi: 4 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 1 x 1 - 102/45 HA Mk III, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (60)

1/1946, Obdurate, Obedient, Opportune, Orwell: 4 x 1 - 102/45 HA Mk III, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (60), 60 mines

1/1946, Paladin, Penn: 4 x 1 - 102/45 HA Mk III, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70)

1/1946, Petard: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70)

1952 - 1956, Orwell, Paladin, Petard were converted to type 16 frigates with data as follows:

nearly sister-ship Termagant 1953

Name No Reconstructed Yard Fate
Orwell F98 1952 Rosyth DYd BU 6/1965
Paladin F169 1956 Rosyth DYd BU 10/1962
Petard (ex-Persistent) F26 1956 Harland & Wolff, Belfast BU 6/1967

 

Displacement standard, t

1793

Displacement full, t

2593

Length, m

103.5 pp 109.2 oa

Breadth, m

10.9

Draught, m

4.90 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kts

36.75

Endurance, nm (kts)

1700 (20)

Armament

F26: 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 3 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 9, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 DCT

F98, 169: 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 3 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 9, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 DCT, up to 60 mines

Sensors

type 293, 974 radars, type 170, 174P sonars

Complement

170 - 180

Naval service: Porcupine 9/12/1942 was badly damaged by torpedo from German submarine U602, never repaired, hull was cut on two parts in a point of torpedo hit and till the end of war served as two hulks "Pork" and "Pine". Partridge 18/12/1942 was sunk by a torpedo from German submarine U565 at Oran. Panther 9/10/1943 was sunk by German Ju 87 bomber in East Mediterranean. Pakenham 16/4/1943 in Central Mediterranean was damaged by gunfire of Italian torpedo boats Cigno and Cassiopea and scuttled by own crew. Pathfinder was badly damaged 11/2/1945 by Japanese aircraft and after temporary repair was laid up into reserve. Obdurate was badly damaged in early 1944 by an acoustic torpedo and repaired more than year.

Obdurate 1946

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15