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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"G", "H" and "I" destroyers (1936 - 1938)

Greyhound 1939

Icarus 1942

Garland 1940

Grenade 1940

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"G" group
Gallant H59 A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1934 26/9/1935 2/1936 CTL 5/2/1942
Garland H37 Fairfield, Govan 8/1934 24/10/1935 3/1936 to Poland 5/1940 - 9/1946 (Garland), to Netherlands 11/1947 (Marnix)
Gipsy H63 Fairfield, Govan 9/1934 7/11/1935 2/1936 sunk 21/11/1939
Glowworm H92 Thornycroft, Woolston 8/1934 22/7/1935 1/1936 sunk 8/4/1940
Grafton H89 Thornycroft, Woolston 8/1934 18/9/1935 3/1936 sunk 29/5/1940
Grenade H86 A. Stephens, Linthouse 10/1934 12/11/1935 3/1936 sunk 29/5/1940
Greyhound H05 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 9/1934 15/8/1935 1/1936 sunk 22/5/1941
Griffin, 3/1943 - Ottawa (RCN 3/1943) H31 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 9/1934 15/8/1935 3/1936 stricken 10/1945, BU 1/1946
"H" group
Hasty H24 Denny, Dumbarton 4/1935 5/5/1936 11/1936 sunk 15/6/1942
Havock H43 Denny, Dumbarton 5/1935 7/7/1936 1/1937 wrecked 6/4/1942
Hereward H93 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 2/1935 10/3/1936 12/1936 sunk 29/5/1941
Hero, 11/1943 - Chaudiere (RCN 11/1943) H99 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 2/1935 10/3/1936 10/1936 stricken 8/1945, BU 3/1946
Hostile H55 Scotts, Greenock 2/1935 24/1/1936 9/1936 sunk 23/8/1940
Hotspur H01 Scotts, Greenock 2/1935 23/3/1936 12/1936 to Dominican Republic 11/1948 (Trujillo)
Hunter H35 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 3/1935 25/2/1936 9/1936 sunk 10/4/1940
Hyperion H97 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 3/1935 8/4/1936 12/1936 sunk 22/12/1940
"I" group
Icarus D03 - I03 John Brown, Clydebank 3/1936 26/11/1936 5/1937 BU 10/1946
Ilex D61 - I61 John Brown, Clydebank 3/1936 28/1/1937 7/1937 stricken 1/1946
Imogen D44 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 1/1936 30/10/1936 6/1937 collision 16/7/1940
Imperial D09 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 1/1936 11/12/1936 6/1937 sunk 29/5/1941
Impulsive D11 White, Cowes 3/1936 1/3/1937 1/1938 BU 1/1946
Intrepid D10 - I10 White, Cowes 1/1936 17/12/1936 7/1937 sunk 26/9/1943
Isis D87 Yarrow, Scotstoun 2/1936 12/11/1936 6/1937 sunk 20/7/1944
Ivanhoe D16 Yarrow, Scotstoun 2/1936 11/2/1937 8/1937 sunk 1/9/1940

 

Displacement standard, t

1335 - 1370

Displacement full, t

1854 - 1890 (later 1980 - 2095)

Length, m

95.1 pp 98.5 oa

Breadth, m

10.1

Draught, m

3.78 (later 3.96 - 4.06)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Hyperion: Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers + 1 Johnson boiler

Power, h. p.

34000

Max speed, kn

36

Fuel, t

443 - 461 oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 5530(15)

Armament

4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (20 DC), sweeps

Glowworm, "I": 4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (20 DC), sweeps

Sensors

"G": type 121 sonar

"H", "I": type 124 sonar

Complement

145

Ship project history: Destroyers of 1933 program became repeats of predecessors of "" class, but at the expense of some machinery changes they had smaller displacement.

Experience of service of destroyers of early classes has revealed ability to refuse special cruising turbines (more truly, cruising stages in the common turbine unit). At little reduction of an endurance it allowed to simplify construction of turbine, raise its reliability, and also to decrease engine room length. Ships dimensions, at the expense of the last and restoration of a bulkhead between 1 and 2nd boiler rooms, became same as at the ships of "C" class. Decreasing of dimensions and displacement has allowed to decrease engine power from 36 000 to 34 000 hp. In remaining an internal arrangement and armament of ships repeated "" class. For reception of practical experience of usage quintuple TT mount one destroyer have equipped with them.

Outwardly "G" class destroyers differed from the "" class by presence of tripod main mast.

Ships of the 1934 program ("" class) became repetition of "G" except for new Mk XVII main gun mounts with natural gun balancing. 40 elevation angle was reached at the expense of shear of an axis of trunnions of a gun to a gate, that allowed more space for recoil at the maximum elevation angle. Two ships, ordered to Parsons, received new bridges with an oblique front unit: characteristic line of all subsequent British destroyers up to "Battle" class.

Destroyers of "I" class repeated "", differing only by quintuple TTs.

Possibility of re-equipment of all of three destroyer classes into minelayers was provided.

Modernizations: 1940, Garland, Greyhound, Griffin, Hasty, Havock, Hereward, Hero, Hostile, Hotspur, Hyperion and m. b. Grafton and Grenade: - 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV

1940, Icarus, Ilex, Imperial, Impulsive, Intrepid, Isis, Ivanhoe and m. b. Imogen: - 1 x 5 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV

1940 - 1942 (periodically for a short time) Impulsive, Ivanhoe, Intrepid, Icarus: - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 2 x 5 - 533 TT; + rails with 60 mines

1941, Garland, Griffin: - 1 x 1 - 120/45; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 DCT (70 DC totally)

1941, Hasty, Havock, Hereward, Hero, Hotspur, Icarus, Ilex, Impulsive, Intrepid, Isis and m. b. Gallant, Greyhound and Hyperion: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1942, Icarus, Ilex, Isis, Impulsive, Intrepid: - 1 x 5 - 533 TT; + 1 x 4 - 533 TT

1942 - 1943, Garland, Griffin, Hasty, Havock, Hero, Hotspur, Icarus, Ilex, Impulsive, Intrepid, Isis: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943, Hero: - 2 x 1 - 120/45; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 2 DCT (70 - 125 DC)

1943, Hotspur, Icarus: - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 2 DCT (70 - 125 DC)

1943, Garland: - 1 x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 2 x 1 - 57/40 6pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT (70 - 125 DC)

1943, Griffin: - 1 x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT (70 - 125 DC)

1943, Ilex, Isis, Impulsive, Intrepid: - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 2 x 1 - 57/40 6pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 2 DCT (70 - 125 DC totally)

1943 - 1944, Garland, Hotspur, Icarus, Chaudiere, Ilex, Impulsive, Intrepid, Isis: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944, Ottawa: - 4 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944, Chaudiere: - 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT; + 1 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX

late 1944, Icarus: - 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT; + 1 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II DCT

9/1946, Garland: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVII, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Mk VI, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (125)

1/1946, Hotspur: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (125)

1/1946, Icarus: 3 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (125)

1/1946, Ilex: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Mk VI, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (125)

1/1946, Impulsive: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Mk VI, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (125)

Naval service: Gipsy 21/11/1939 was mined in a mouth of Thames and ran ashore. Glowworm 8/4/1940 was sunk by gunfire of German cruiser Admiral Hipper W of Trondheim. Hunter 10/4/1940 was sunk by German destroyers Zenker, Giese and Koellner near Narvik. Grafton 29/5/1940 was torpedoed by German submarine U62 at Dunkirk, after two hours she was abandoned. Grenade 29/5/1940 was badly damaged by German Ju 87 bombers at Dunkirk, abandoned and in some hours has blown up. Gallant 29/5/1940 was damaged by near misses of air bombs and then by magnetic mine at Dunkirk, repair lasted some months. She stranded in La Valetta 10/1/1941 after being stricken by Italian mine, she was put on repair, during it she was damaged by German bombers 5/2/1942 and never repaired again, further used as a hulk and scuttled in September, 1943. Imogen 16/7/1940 sunk as a result of collision with cruiser Glasgow near Orkney Islands. Hostile 23/8/1940 was badly damaged by Italian mine in 18nm SE Bon, abandoned by crew and torpedoed by destroyer Hero. Ivanhoe 1/6/1940 was badly damaged by bomb hit amidships and repaired 2 months, she was 1/9/1940 stricken by a mine at Dutch coast, abandoned by crew and sunk by destroyer Kelvin. Hyperion 22/12/1940 was stricken by Italian mine NE of Bon, abandoned by crew and torpedoed by destroyer Ilex. Greyhound 22/5/1941 was sunk by German Ju 87 bombers off Crete. Hereward 29/5/1941 was sunk by German Ju 87 bombers E of Crete. Imperial 29/5/1941 was abandoned by crew off Crete because of manoeuvrability loss and sunk by torpedo of destroyer Hotspur: steering gear has been damaged by a close bomb miss from German Ju 87 bomber day before. Havock 5/4/1942 wrecked on the rock at 30kts speed near Kelibia and abandoned by the crew, she was torpedoed by Italian submarine Aradam 6/4/1942. Hasty 15/6/1942 was torpedoed by German MTB S55, abandoned by crew and sunk by destroyer Hotspur 80nm NW of Derna. Intrepid 29/5/1940 was badly damaged by direct hit of German air bombs to engine room and repaired some months, 26/9/1943 she was badly damaged by German Ju 88 bombers at Leros Island in Aegean sea and foundered 27/9/1943. Isis 20/7/1944 was sunk by German Neger human torpedo in Seine mouth.

Glowworm

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15