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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

ex-Brazilian destroyers (1939 - 1940)

Havant 1940

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Harvester (ex-Handy, ex-Jurua) H19 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 6/1938 29/9/1939 5/1940 sunk 11/3/1943
Havant (ex-Javary) H32 White, Cowes 3/1938 17/7/1939 12/1939 sunk 1/6/1940
Havelock (ex-Jutahy) H88 White, Cowes 5/1938 16/10/1939 2/1940 BU 10/1946
Hesperus (ex-Hearty, ex-Juruena) H57 Thornycroft, Woolston 7/1938 1/8/1939 1/1940 BU 11/1946
Highlander (ex-Jaguaribe) H44 Thornycroft, Woolston 9/1938 17/10/1939 3/1940 BU 5/1946
Hurricane (ex-Japarua) H06 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 6/1938 29/9/1939 6/1940 sunk 24/12/1943

 

Displacement standard, t

1400

Displacement full, t

1930 (later 2020 - 2030)

Length, m

95.1 pp 98.5 oa

Breadth, m

10.1

Draught, m

3.89 (later 3.99 - 4.04)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

34000

Max speed, kn

35

Fuel, t

oil 443

Endurance, nm(kts) 5500(15)

Armament

3 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (110 DC)

Sensors

type 128 sonar

Complement

145

Ship project history: In 1938 Brazil has ordered in Britain 6 destroyers of class as RN "". Important difference from a pre-image was other, unique, main gun fire control system consisting of combined "director-range finder". In connection with the Second World War beginning all are bought up by British government 4/9/1939 and have received new names.

Former Brazilian "" were finished building  in the big haste, practically without obligatory in that case correction of the design to requirements of the British navy (not tested control system of fire, "export" torpedoes, etc.). Strengthening of anti-submarine armament at the expense of removing of aft 120mm gun on "Y" position and the minesweeping equipment became unique change. Reason of preference of ASW equipment instead of artillery is covered both in unavailability of a part of original armament, and in doubtful advantages of a new fire control system that strong decreased value of new destroyers as gunships. Besides, because of haste part of destroyers has become operational with incomplete fire control system: Havant, Hesperus, Havelock and Highlander participated in the first battle collisions, with only a rangefinder and Hesperus had no TTs till mid-1940. Only last two ships entered service fully completed.

Modernizations: till mid-1940, Hesperus did not have TTs.

summer 1940, Hurricane, Harvester, Havelock, Hesperus, Highlander: - 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV

1941, all survived ships: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1942 - 1943, Havelock, Hesperus, Highlander: - 1 x 1 - 120/45, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT

1942 - 1943, Harvester, Hurricane: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, m. b. 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1/1946, Havelock, Hesperus, Highlander: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Mk II, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (110)

Naval service: Havant 1/6/1940 was badly damaged by German bombers at Dunkirk, abandoned by crew and finished by minesweeper Saltash. Hurricane 7-8/5/1941 was sunk by German aircraft at Liverpool; salvaged and commissioned again but 24/12/1943 torpedoed by German submarine U415 near Azores, lost a speed, abandoned and 25/12/1943 sunk by destroyer Watchman. Harvester 11/3/1943 lost speed as a result of damage of a stem after ramming of German submarine U444 and soon sunk by German submarine U432 in Northern Atlantic.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15