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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"E" and "F" destroyers (1934 - 1935)

Eclipse 1939

Qu'Appelle 1943

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"E" group
Echo H23 Denny, Dumbarton 3/1933 16/2/1934 10/1934 to Greece 4/1944 (Navarinon)
Eclipse H08 Denny, Dumbarton 3/1933 12/4/1934 12/1934 sunk 24/10/1943
Electra H27 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 3/1933 15/2/1934 9/1934 sunk 27/2/1942
Encounter H10 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 3/1933 29/3/1934 11/1934 sunk 1/3/1942
Escapade H17 Scotts, Greenock 3/1933 30/1/1934 9/1934 BU 2/1947
Escort H65 Scotts, Greenock 3/1933 29/3/1934 11/1934 sunk 11/7/1940
Esk H15 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 3/1933 19/3/1934 10/1934 sunk 31/8/1940
Express, 6/1943 - Gatineau (RCN 6/1943) H61 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 3/1933 29/5/1934 11/1934 stricken 1/1946, BU 1956
"F" group
Fame H78 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 5/7/1933 28/6/1934 4/1935 to Dominican Republic 2/1949 (Generalisimo)
Fearless H67 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 7/1933 12/5/1934 12/1934 sunk 23/7/1941
Firedrake H79 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 7/1933 28/6/1934 5/1935 sunk 16/12/1942
Forester H74 White, Cowes 5/1933 28/6/1934 3/1935 BU 6/1947
Foresight H68 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 7/1933 29/6/1934 5/1935 sunk 12/8/1942
Fortune, 6/1943 - Saskatchewan (RCN 6/1943) H70 John Brown, Clydebank 7/1933 29/8/1934 4/1935 BU 1/1946
Foxhound, 2/1944 - Qu'Appelle (RCN 2/1944) H69 John Brown, Clydebank 8/1933 12/10/1934 6/1935 stricken 5/1946, BU 1948
Fury H76 White, Cowes 5/1933 10/9/1934 5/1935 CTL 21/6/1944

 

   

Displacement standard, t

1350 - 1405

Displacement full, t

1886 - 1940 (later 2025 - 2095)

Length, m

97.0 pp 100.3 oa

Breadth, m

10.1

Draught, m

3.81 (later 3.96 - 4.01)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Fortune, Foxhound: Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

36000

Max speed, kn

36

Fuel, t

oil 471

Endurance, nm(kts) 6350(15)

Armament

4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (20 DC), sweeps

Esk, Express: 2 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 60 - 72 mines

Sensors type 121 sonar

Complement

145

Ship project history: Since the 1931 program destroyers have ceased to be shared on equipped mainly minesweeping or anti-submarine armaments: "" class destroyers carried both. Moreover, it was supposed to equip these ships also with the minelaying equipment. It was originally planed to equip in a similar way all destroyers but absence of operating experience of a new minelaying drive had to be limited to two suppressors Esk and Express.

The extended armament structure conducted to growth of displacement and as consequence fall of speed. To avoid it new destroyers had improved hull form that managed to be reached after very many model tests in a ship-research bassin.

The important difference of "" class from previous "C" and "D" classes was the sectioning of 2nd boiler room by a watertight bulkhead on two smaller. Thus, boiler rooms became 3 as figure of boilers that has positively affected damage tolerance.

76mm AA gun figuring in the project at early phases was cancelled in favour of new main gun mounts with an 40 elevation angle. New Mk XVII mounts ensured more elevation angle at the expense of rather original reception. There was a ring in a deck round a mount more than 2m in diametere and 35cm deep. It was covered by special metallic boards at surface fire. These boards were lifted at big elevation angles, that ensured standard gun recoil with natural balancing, removing risk of blow of breech in a deck. This construction has called subsequently a number of critical remarks because of the impracticality however used on destroyers of three classes up to "G".

"F" class (1932 program) became repetition of "" without any changes in the design. The order for their building has been given out simultaneously with destroyers of 1931 program.

Modernizations: 1940, all but Escort: - 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV

1941, Fame, Fearless, Firedrake: - 1 x 1 - 120/45; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 DCT (70 DC)

1941, Echo, Eclipse, Electra, Encounter, Escapade, Express: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1941, Forester, Foresight, Fortune, Foxhound, Fury: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1942, Forester, Foresight, Fortune, Foxhound, Fury, Firedrake: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943, Forester, Fortune, Foxhound: - 1 x 1 - 120/45; + 2 DCT (70 DC)

1943, Escapade: - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 2 DCT (70 DC)

1943, Express: - 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 57/40 6pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 2 DCT (70 DC)

1943, Fame: - 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II DCT

1943 - 1944, Echo, Escapade, Gatineau, Fame, Fury: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944, Forester: - 1 x 1 - 76/45, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog MkII DCT

1944, Saskatchewan, Qu'Appelle: - 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II DCT

1945, Escapade: - 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT; + 2 x 3 - 305 Squid DCT

1/1946, Escapade: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (70)

1/1946, Fame: 3 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (70)

1/1946, Forester: 3 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (70)

Naval service: Eclipse 11/4/1940 was badly damaged by German aircraft at South Norwegian coast, ran aground and abandoned by crew, 16/4/1940 she was towed off to Britain and repaired till August, 1940. 24/10/1943 she was mined E of Kalimnos Island and sunk. Electra 27/2/1942 was sunk by gunfire of Japanese destroyer Asagumo in Java sea. Encounter 1/3/1942 was sunk by gunfire of Japanese cruisers Ashigara and Myoko in Java sea. Escort 11/7/1940 was torpedoed by Italian submarine Marconi N of Algeria and foundered at tow. Esk 31/8/1940 was mined off Dutch coast and sunk in the morning of next day. Express 31/8/1940 was badly damaged by a mine (the fore end was broken off), repaired till November, 1941. Fame was thrown out by a storm on rocks at Sunderland coast 17/10/1940, repaired to the mid-1941.

Fearless 23/7/1941 was badly damaged by Italian air torpedo from S.79 torpedo bomber in 50nm NW of point Bon, abandoned by crew and torpedoed by destroyer Forester. Firedrake 16/12/1942 was sunk by German submarine U211 in Northern Atlantic in 600nm S off Iceland. Foresight 12/8/1942 was badly damaged by Italian air torpedo from S.79 torpedo bomber, abandoned by crew and 13/8/1942 torpedoed by destroyer Tartar N of Bizerte. Fury 21/6/1944 was badly damaged by a mine at coast of Normandy and never repaired.

Express 1939 as minelayer

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15