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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

AMAZON destroyer (1926)

Amazon 1926

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Amazon D39 Thornycroft, Woolston 1/1925 27/1/1926 9/1926 target ship 8/1944, BU 1948

 

   

Displacement standard, t

1352

Displacement full, t

1812 (later 1980)

Length, m

95.0 pp 98.5 oa

Breadth, m

9.63

Draught, m

3.84 (later 4.09) deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

39500

Max speed, kn

37

Fuel, t

oil 428

Endurance, nm(kts)

3400(15)

Armament

4 x 1 - 120/45 BL Mk I/II, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Complement

138

Ship project history: The first destroyers of British fleet created taking into account experience of World war One were Amazon and Ambuscade. They were built under the 1924 program, designed by  builders; Admiralty has stipulated only fulfilment of some obligatory conditions on armament, endurance range, seaworthiness and habitability, in remaining full freedom has been awarded for designers. At the same armament, as on "Modified W" class ships, new destroyers should exceed them in velocity on 2-3kts (37 against 34-35), have bigger freeboard (2.6m against 1.9), more spacious all-metal bridge and the best habitability.

Machinery of new ships had many innovations: setting off in individual units cruising and aftward turbines, usage of high-pressure steam (Yarrow), and superheated steam (Thornycroft, first time in world practice).

During designing specific features of each of these firms in the approach to creation of fast ships were showed become already traditional. Prototypes have appeared successful and were close enough on the elements, however Yarrow ship could solve a task in view, having stowed in smaller displacement, and thanks to it to lower engine power. At the same time Amazon, built by Thornycroft, having 200t more displacement, has appeared notably more cheaply the contender. Besides at the expense of the bigger dimensions he benefited in seaworthiness a little. As a whole both ships represented a little increased "Modified W" class with more powerful machinery and improved conditions of habitability. 

Modernizations: 11/1939: 50 t of solid ballast were loaded; - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (20 DC)

1943: - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 2 x 1 - 40/39; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (70 DC totally)

mid-1943: - 1 x 1 - 76/45, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; DC stowage increased up to 95 pcs.

Naval service: In 8/1944 she became a target ship for aviation.

Amazon 1926

Ivan Gogin, 2008-10