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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
CRUISERS
ABDIEL cruisers - minelayers (6, 1941 - 1944)


Photo



Latona 1941

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Abdiel M39 1881 White, Cowes 29/3/1939 23/4/1940 15/4/1941 sunk 10/9/1943 1st group
Latona M76 1198 Thornycroft, Woolston 4/4/1939 20/8/1940 4/5/1941 sunk 25/10/1941 1st group
Manxman M70, 1948- N70 568 A. Stephens, Linthouse 24/3/1939 5/9/1940 20/6/1941 minesweeper depot ship 1962 1st group
Welshman M84 623 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 8/6/1939 4/9/1940 25/8/1941 sunk 1/2/1943 1st group
Apollo M01, 1948- N01 654 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 10/10/1941 5/4/1943 12/2/1944 stricken 4/1961 2nd group
Ariadne M65, 1948- N65 591 A. Stephens, Linthouse 15/11/1941 16/2/1943 9/10/1943 sold for BU 1963 2nd group


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

39.75

Displacement standard, t

2650

Apollo, Ariadne: 2810

Displacement full, t

3415

Apollo, Ariadne: 4100

Length, m

122.1 pp 127.4 oa

Breadth, m

12.2

Draught, m

4.65 deep load

Apollo, Ariadne: 4.93 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

72000

Fuel, t

oil 690 - 750

Apollo, Ariadne: oil 825

Endurance, nm(kts)1000(38)
Armament

3 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 100 - 156 mines

Apollo, Ariadne: 2 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk IV/VIII/IX, 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 100 - 156 mines

Electronic equipment

Abdiel, Latona, Manxman: type 286M radar

Welshman: type 285, type 286M radars

Apollo, Ariadne: type 272, type 282, type 285, type 291 radars

Complement

242 - 246

Apollo, Ariadne: 257



Standard scale images


<i>Ariadne </i>1963
Ariadne 1963
<i>Manxman</i> 1941
Manxman 1941
<i>Abdiel</i> 1941
Abdiel 1941


Graphics


<i>Latona</i> 1941
Latona 1941


Project history


Very successful ships which have become fastest in Royal Navy in the Second World War (their speed at standard load exceeded 41kts). They were intended for offensive minelaying, therefore on them, as well as in a case with "Е" type cruisers, all has been sacrificed to speed.

On early design stages it was supposed to arm ships by 120mm single-purpose guns, but subsequently considered, that record speed will serve them as the best protection against the surface opponent. Instead of 120mm guns there were more light 102mm mounts that has allowed to decrease the upper weight. Mine stowage of Abdiel class has appeared insufficient for her displacement, but it was the payment for high speed. First three ships were built under 1938 Programme, Welshman under 1939 Programme, two more (2nd group), with a little changed armament structure and the increased fuel stowage under 1941 Programme.

Modernizations


1941, Abdiel, Latona, Manxman, Welshman: + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

late 1941, Latona: + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

1942, Abdiel, Manxman, Welshman: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, type 286M radar; + (2 - 3) x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 282, type 285, type 290 radars

1944, Ariadne: + 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk IV/VIII/IX

early 1945, Apollo: + 1 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1945, Manxman: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV (4 twin and 4 single at all)

7/1945, Ariadne: - 6 x 2 - 20/70; + 5 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

7/1945, Apollo: - 7 x 2 - 20/70; + 6 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

1/1946, Manxman: 3 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 100 - 156 mines, type 282, type 285, type 290 radars

1/1946, Apollo: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 6 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 100 - 156 mines, type 272, type 282, type 285, type 291 radars

1/1946, Ariadne: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 3 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 5 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 100 - 156 mines, type 272, type 282, type 285, type 291 radars

1955, Manxman: - 1 x 2 - 102/45

Naval service


Abdiel class minelayers have become famous in days of war on Mediterranean, and not so much by minefields, how by supply delivery to the besieged Tobruk and Malta: sometimes, except them submarines could break only. Here the invaluable advantage highest speed of the ships and their covered mine deck was brought, on the deck it was possible to transport several hundreds tons of cargo.

All losses have fallen to Mediterranean: Latona 25/10/1941 has received hit of one bomb from German Ju 87 bomber off Libyan coast, the fire called by it has led to explosion of carried ammunition and the ship was sunk. Welshman was sunk by a torpedo from German submarine U617 1/2/1943 off Libyan coast. Abdiel was lost 10/9/1943 off Taranto, having stricken by a mine. Manxman was damaged by a torpedo in 1941 and has failed more than for 2 years.

Manxman was converted to depot ship for 16 coastal minesweepers. Half of boilers was removed. Armament consisted of 1 twin and 4 single 40/60-mm Bofors guns. She served as TS from 1968.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.