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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
CRUISERS
YORK heavy cruiser (1, 1930)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
York 90 967 Palmers, Jarrow 16/5/1927 17/7/1928 1/5/1930 abandoned 22/5/1941


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

32.3

Displacement standard, t

8250

Displacement full, t

10350

Length, m

164.6 pp 175.3 oa

Breadth, m

17.4

Draught, m

6.17 deep load

No of shafts

4

Machinery

4 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Fuel, t

oil 1900

Endurance, nm(kts)10000(14)
Armour, mm

box protection to magazines: 102 - 25, belt: 76, bulkheads: 89, barbettes: 25, turrets: 25, deck: 38 - 25

Armament

3 x 2 - 203/50 BL Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Complement

623



Standard scale images


<i>York</i> 1941
York 1941
<i>York</i> 1941
York 1941


Project history


York and Exeter were ordered under 1926 (York) and 1927 (Exeter) Programmes. Last 'Washington' cruisers built for Royal Navy. They were moderated version of Norfolk class with three turrets and improved protection. Having practically identical technical data, York and Exeter, appreciably differed outwardly: York with the pitched masts and funnels looked much more elegant than angular Exeter.

Protection


There was 76mm armoured belt 4.0m in depth  protected machinery spaces. It was closed by 89mm bulkheads (there was 64mm armour on 25mm plating). Magazines were protected by 111 (102mm armour on 9mm plating)mm sides, 76mm transverse bulkheads and 76mm platform deck. Armoured deck over machinery and steering gear was 38mm thick (25mm armour on 13mm plating).

Modernizations


1932: + 1 catapult E-I-T, 1 Fairey IIIF seaplane (replaced by Walrus 1937)

10/1933: - 2 x 1 - 40/39

1935: + 2 x 4 - 12.7/62

1939: - 4 x 1 - 47/40, 1 catapult; + 1 catapult S-II-H

early 1941: + (2 - 3) x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

Naval service


York was hit by Italian explosive boat from destroyer Quintino Sella or Francesco Crispi 26/3/1941 and beached in Suda Bay (Crete). Ship was completely wrecked by German Ju 87 diving bombers over a period till 22/5/1941. Wreck was scrapped in 1952.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.