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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
CRUISERS
AMPHION light cruisers (3, 1935 - 1936)


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Apollo 1936

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Apollo, 29.9.1938 - Hobart (RAN 9.1938) D63, 1948- C02   Devonport DYd 15.8.1933 9.10.1934 13.1.1936 stricken 2.1960
Amphion, 25.7.1939 - Perth (RAN 7.1939) D29   Portsmouth DYd 26.6.1933 27.7.1934 6.7.1936 sunk 1.3.1942
Sydney (ex-Phaeton) (RAN) D48 1487 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 8.7.1933 22.9.1934 24.9.1935 sunk 19.11.1941


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

32.5

Displacement standard, t

6830 - 7105

Displacement full, t

8850 - 9150 (Hobart later 9420)

Length, m

159.1 pp 171.4 oa

Breadth, m

17.3

Draught, m

5.64 - 5.79 deep load (later 5.97)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

4 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

72000

Fuel, t

oil 1765 - 1837 (Hobart later 1553)

Endurance, nm(kts)7000(14)
Armour, mm

box protection to magazines: 89 - 25, belt: 76 on 25mm plating, bulkheads: 38, barbettes: 25, turrets: 25, deck: 51 - 25

Armament

4 x 2 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 3 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 х 4 - 533 TT, 1 aircraft (Osprey, Seal, Shark), 1 catapult D-I-L

Sydney: 4 x 2 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 3 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 х 4 - 533 TT, 1 aircraft (Osprey, Seal, Shark, Seagull, Walrus), 1 catapult E-II-H

Complement

570



Standard scale images


      <i>Hobart</i> 1940
      Hobart 1940
<i>Sydney</i> 1939
Sydney 1939
<i>Perth</i> 1941
Perth 1941
<i>Sydney</i> 1939
Sydney 1939


Graphics


<i>Apollo</i> 1936
Apollo 1936


Project history

Last three cruisers of Leander class had changed design. Arrangement of machinery en echelon became their basic difference from a prototype. Because of some increased length of the armoured belt covering machinery, it was necessary to increase a hull beam for keeping stability.

Protection

Armoured belt protected machinery spaces (51mm armour on 25mm plating) and extended to upper deck abreast boiler rooms and fore engine room and to main deck abreast aft engine room. Machinery also was protected by 32mm armoured deck. Magazines were covered by 89mm longitudinal and 76mm transverse bulkheads and 51mm crowns. Steering gear was protected by 32mm deck with 38mm slopes.

Modernizations

1938, Apollo: - 4 x 1 - 102/45, 1 catapult with Osprey seaplane; + 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 catapult E-II-H with Seagull seaplane

1939, Amphion: - 4 x 1 - 102/45, 1 catapult with seaplane; + 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI

1939, all: - 4 x 1 - 47/40

mid-1941, Sydney: + some x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV (m. b.)

4/1940, Perth: + 1 catapult E-II-H with Seagull seaplane

2/1941, Perth: - 1 catapult with seaplane; + 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

7/1941, Perth: - 1 x 4 - 40/39; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 catapult E-II-H with 1 Seagull seaplane

10/1942, Hobart: - 3 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 catapult with seaplane; + 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 5 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 272, type 279, type 282, type 283, type 284, type 285 radars

1/1945, Hobart: - 4 x 2 - 20/70, type 272, type 279, type 284 radars; + 3 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk 1.2, 5 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk 1.2, 1 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 276, type 277, type 281B, SG-1, Mk 3 Mod 1 radars

6/1946, Hobart: - 1 x 2 - 152/50 ("X"); + 2 x 4 - 40/56 Bofors Mk 1.2, type 276, type 277, type 281B, type 282, type 283, type 285, SG-1, Mk 3 Mod.1 radars

Naval service

Sydney has received heavy damages (a torpedo and many hits of 150mm shells) in Indian ocean 19.11.1941 in battle with German raider Kormoran and have blown up some hours later and sunk with all crew (raider was lost too). Perth was damaged by bombs 30.5.1941 off Crete, repaired 3 months. She was sunk by Japanese cruisers Mogami and Mikuma and destroyers 1.3.1942 during battle in Sunda Straight (3 torpedoes and many 203mm shells hits). Hobart was badly damaged by a torpedo from Japanese submarine I11 20.7.1943 off New Georgia (Pacific Ocean) and has failed for 17 months. She was converted in TS in 1956. In this role she did not carry AA guns and TTs.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.