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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

ECLIPSE 2nd class protected cruisers (1896-1898)

Dido 1898

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Eclipse D58   Portsmouth DYd 11/12/1893 19/7/1894 23/3/1897 HA 1916, sold 8/1921
Talbot D61, P61, PA7   Devonport DYd 5/3/1894 25/4/1895 15/9/1896 sold 12/1921
Venus P38, P2C 381 Fairfield, Govan 28/6/1894 5/9/1895 9/11/1897 sold 9/1921
Minerva P32, P1A, P7A   Chatham DYd 4/12/1893 23/9/1895 4/2/1897 sold 10/1920
Juno N37, N65 239 Naval Construction & Armaments, Barrow 22/6/1894 16/11/1895 16/6/1897 sold 9/1920
Diana D18, P58, N34 382 Fairfield, Govan 13/8/1894 5/12/1895 15/6/1897 sold 7/1920
Doris D59, P47 240 Naval Construction & Armaments, Barrow 29/8/1894 3/3/1896 18/11/1897 sold 2/1919
Dido   283 London & Glasgow, Glasgow 30/8/1894 20/3/1896 10/5/1898 HS 1/1914, sold 12/1926
Isis D60, P60, N61 284 London & Glasgow, Glasgow 30/1/1895 27/6/1896 10/5/1898 sold 2/1920

 

Displacement normal, t

5600

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

106.7 pp 113.7 oa

Breadth, m

16.3

Draught, m

6.25

No of shafts

2

Machinery

3-cyl VTE, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

natural draught: 8000, forced draught: 9600

Max speed, kts

natural draught: 18.5, forced draught: 19.5

Fuel, t

coal 1075

Endurance, nm(kts)

7000(10)

Armour, mm Harvey steel; deck: 76 - 38, gunshields: 76, engine hatch: 152, CT: 152

Armament

5 x 1 - 152/40 QF Mk I/II, 6 x 1 - 120/40 QF Mk I/II/III/IV, 8 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I, 6 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 11.4/94, 3 - 450 TT (2 beam sub, 1 aft aw)

Complement

450

Ship project history: Following the criticism of earlier second class cruisers the Eclipse class, provided under the Spencer Programme of 1893/94, were designed with a heavier armament but as this was combined with another major increase in size they were subject to as much abuse as their predecessors. The arrangement of hull and protection was the same as that of the Astraea class except that seaworthiness was further improved by the addition of a turtleback forecastle extending as far aft as the foremast. The armament was also arranged like that in Astraea except that the two foremost 120mm guns were replaced by two 152mm, the single 152mm on the quarterdeck was replaced by two sided 152mm and the 57mm guns were replaced by 76mm. This arrangement was chosen to secure the maximum improvement in ahead and astern fire and resulted in broadside fire being a little better than that of Astraea 3 152mm and 3 120mm compared with 2 152mm and 4 120mm. It was eventually accepted that they were under-gunned for their size and during 1903-05 all except Eclipse were rearmed. Apart from a slight increase in power the machinery was similar to that in Astraea and designed speed and endurance were the same. On trials the ships achieved between 9760 and 9875ihp and speeds of 20 to 21.2kts. With the exception of Talbot they were the first British second class cruisers to be fitted with fighting tops which were positioned low on both masts. Dido and Isis had singie pole masts while the remainder of the class had fidded topmasts.

Ship protection: The protective deck was 38mm thick on the flat and 76mm on the slope, and the engine cylinders, where they projected above this deck, were protected by a 152mm armoured glacis around the engine room hatch.

Modernizations: 1903-1905, Talbot, Venus, Minerva, Juno, Diana, Doris, Dido, Isis: - 5 x 1 - 152/40, 6 x 1 - 120/40; + 11 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk VII

Naval service: Dido collided with cruiser Berwick in 1913 but was quickly repaired and became submarine depot ship; from 1916 until the Armistice she served as depot ship for destroyer flotilla, paid off for disposal in February 1926. Eclipse in 1916 became submarine depot ship, laid up to reserve in 1918. Isis served as Cadets` TS until 1907. Talbot ran aground in the Suez Canal in September 1912, was repaired.

Venus 1904

Ivan Gogin, 2014