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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

CRESSY 1st rank armoured cruisers (1901-1904)

Cressy 1914

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Sutlej N74, N65 337 John Brown, Clydebank 15/8/1898 18/11/1899 6/5/1902 depot ship Crescent II 1/1918
Cressy N40 409 Fairfield, Govan 12/10/1898 4/12/1899 28/5/1901 sunk 22/9/1914
Aboukir N00 410 Fairfield, Govan 9/11/1898 16/5/1900 3/4/1902 sunk 22/9/1914
Hogue N59 274 Vickers, Barrow 14/7/1898 13/8/1900 19/11/1902 sunk 22/9/1914
Bacchante N39, N09 338 John Brown, Clydebank 15/2/1899 21/2/1901 25/11/1902 sold 7/1920
Euryalus N51, N44 276 Vickers, Barrow 18/7/1899 20/5/1901 5/1/1904 sold 7/1920

 

Displacement normal, t

12000

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

134.1 pp 143.9 oa

Breadth, m

21.2

Draught, m

7.92

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4-cyl VTE, 30 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

21000

Max speed, kts

21

Fuel, t

coal 1600

Endurance, nm(kts)

2610(20)

Armour, mm belt: 152 - 51, bulkheads: 127, decks: 76 - 25, turrets: 152, barbettes: 152, casemates: 127, ammunition tubes: 76, CT: 305

Armament

2 x 1 - 234/47 BL Mk X, 12 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk VII, 12 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I, 3 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 - 450 TT (sub, beam)

Complement

760

Ship project history: Provided under the 1897/98 Programme, these vessels were armoured cruiser versions of the Diadems with more powerful machinery and the the same armament as the Powerful class. The adoption of side armour was made possible by the development of hard faced steel armour which allowed for a comparatively large area of the side to be protected without an excessive increase in displacement. The 234mm turrets were hydraulically powered and the guns could be loaded at any angle of training or elevation; the hoists were electrically powered.
    The class was 1000t larger than the Diadems and had a fuller hull form which improved stability, but the ships had finer lines forward which increased their pitching motion. On trials all exceeded the designed speed except Cressy (20.7kts), the best being Hague which made 22.06kts with 21432ihp. The completion of Euryalus was delayed by a series of accidents and she was two years late in entering service.

Ship protection: The main 152mm Krupp steel belt was 70.4m long by 0.5m deep extending from the main deck to 1.5m below the waterline. It was closed at the ends by 127mm bulkheads and extended to the bow by 51mm armour. The protective deck was correspondingly reduced in thickness to 38mm but increased to 64mm abaft the belt and to 76mm over the steering gear, the main deck from the after bulkhead to the stem being 25mm thick. Armoured tubes were provided to protect the ammunition hoists to the 234mm guns but these were not fitted for the casemate guns as the hoists were behind the side armour.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Cressy, Aboukir and Hogue were torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U9 22/9/1914 off Hoek van Holland in North Sea.

    Bacchante was damaged in collision with cruiser Achilles in the Irish Sea in February 1917. Sutlej served as Boys` TS in 1906-1909. She was renamed Crescent II as depot ship in January 1918 (she had been laid up there as an accommodation ship in 1917), reverted to Sutlej in 1919 before being put on sale list.

Euryalus 1911

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14