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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CONVERTED MERCHANT VESSELS

WWI armed merchant cruisers

more than 1000 BRT:

Name Launched // Comm. Builder Tonnage, BRT Dimensions, m (LppxB) Speed, kts Machinery, Fuel, t Armament Fate
Alcantara (M94) 30/10/1913 // 3/1915 Harland & Wolff, Govan 15831 173.7x20.5 17 3turbines 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 sunk 29/2/1916
Almanzora (MIA0, MI50, MI28) 19/11/1914 // 10/1915 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 16034 173.7x20.5 17 3turbines 6 - 152/ stricken 12/1919
Alsatian (M50, MI51, MI29), 1919- Empress of France 22/3/1913 // 8/1914 Beardmore, Dalmuir 18485 174.2x22.1 18 4turbines 8 - 120/, later 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 4/1919
Ambrose (M87) 31/3/1903 // 11/1914 Raylton Dixon, Middlesbrough 4187 114.4x14.6 14 1VTE 8 - 120/, 2 - 57 depot ship 10/1915
Andes (M82, MI52, MI30) 8/5/1913 // 3/1915 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 15620 173.8x20.5 17 3VTE/turbines 6 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 10/1919
Aquitania (MI56) 21/4/1913 // 8/1914 John Brown, Clydebank 45647 264.8x29.6 23 4turbines 12 - 152/ stricken 9/1914, commissioned again 1/1918 - 1919
Arlanza (M93, MI53, MI31) 23/11/1911 // 3/1915 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 15044 173.8x19.9 17 3VTE/turbines 6 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 6/1920
Armadale Castle (M63, MI54, MI32) 11/8/1903 // 8/1914 Fairfield, Govan 12973 173.7x19.7 17 2VQE 8 - 120/ stricken 9/1919
Avenger (ex-Aotearoa) (MI75) 30/6/1915 // 12/1915 Fairfield, Govan 14744 167.0x20.8 18 2turbines 8 - 152/, 2 - 47 sunk 14/6/1917
Avoca (ex-Avon) (MI79, MI57) 2/3/1907 // 1/1916 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 11073 158.6x19.0 15 2VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 10/1919
Bayano (M78) 19/4/1913 // 11/1914 Stephen, Linthouse 5948 127.0x16.2 14 2VTE 2 - 152/ sunk 11/3/1915
Berrima (RAN) 15/9/1913 // 8/1914 Caird, Greenock 11137 152.4x19.0 15 2VQE   store carrier 10/1914
Calgarian (M54, MI58) 19/4/1913 // 9/1914 Fairfield, Govan 17515 173.4x21.4 18 4turbines 8 - 152/ sunk 1/3/1918
Calyx (M86) 7/1/1904 // 11/1914 Earle, Hull 2876 94.4x13.0 14 1VTE 8 - 120/, 2 - 47 stricken 6/1915
Caribbean (ex-Dunottar Castle) (M79) 22/5/1890 // 11/1914 Fairfield, Govan 5465 128.0x15.2 16 1VTE 8 - 120/, 2 - 57 accommodation ship 6/1915
Carmania (M55) 21/2/1905 // 8/1914 John Brown, Clydebank 19524 198.2x22.0 18 3turbines 8 - 120/ stricken 7/1916
Caronia (M53) 13/7/1904 // 8/1914 John Brown, Clydebank 19687 198.1x22.0 18 2VQE 8 - 120/ stricken 9/1916
Cedric (M74) 21/8/1902 // 11/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 21035 207.5x23.0 16 2VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 1/1916
Celtic (M69) 4/4/1901 // 10/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 20904 207.5x23.0 16 2VQE 8 - 152 stricken 1/1916
Changuinola (ex-Carl Schurz) (M85, MI63, MI35) 30/7/1912 // 11/1914 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 6011 125.2x15.6 16 2turbines 6 - 152/, 2 - 47 stricken 1/1920
City of London (MI69, MI64, MI42) 22/11/1906 // 1/1916 Workman Clark, Belfast 8875 149.7x17.6 15 1VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 7/1919
Clan MacNaughton (M81) 28/6/1911 // 11/1914 Stephen, Linthouse 4985 131.0x16.4 13 1VTE 8 - 120/ sunk 3/2/1915
Columbella (ex-Columbia) (M89, MI69, MI36) 22/2/1902 // 11/1914 Henderson, Meadowside 8292 148.0x17.1 16.5 2VTE 6 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 6/1919
Digby (M83, MI55, MI33) 28/12/1912 // 11/1914 Irvine, Harbour Dock 3966 106.9x15.2 15 1VTE 5 - 152/, 2 - 57 to France 11/1915-7/1917 (Artois), stricken 1/1919
Ebro (M78, MI70, MI37) 8/9/1914 // 3/1915 Workman Clark, Belfast 8480 137.2x17.6 15 2VQE 6 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 10/1919
Edinburgh Castle (M62, MI71, MI55) 27/1/1910 // 9/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 13330 173.8x19.7 17.5 2VQE 8 - 152/ stricken 7/1919
Empress of Asia (M65) 23/11/1912 // 8/1914 Fairfield, Govan 16909 173.8x20.8 19 4turbines 8 - 120/ stricken 3/1916
Empress of Britain (M57) 11/11/1905 // 8/1914 Fairfield, Govan 14189 167.3x20.0 18 2VQE 8 - 120/ stricken 5/1915
Empress of Japan (M66) 13/12/1890 // 8/1914 Naval Constr & Armts, Barrow 5905 138.8x15.6 16 2VTE 8 - 120/ stricken 10/1915
Empress of Russia (M68) 28/8/1912 // 8/1914 Fairfield, Govan 16810 173.8x20.8 19 4turbines 8 - 120/ stricken 2/1916
Eskimo (M75) 9/4/1910 // 11/1914 Earle, Hull 3326 100.9x13.8 17 2VQE 4 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 7/1915
Gloucestershire (MI87, MI72, MI38) 7/7/1910 // 12/1915 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 8124 142.4x16.6 15 2VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 47 stricken 7/1919
Hilary (M90) 31/3/1908 //11/1914 Caledon SB, Dundee 6325 127.6x15.9 14 2VTE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 sunk 25/5/1917
Hildebrand (M91, MI73, MI39) 14/2/1911 // 11/1914 Scotts, Greenock 6991 134.2x16.5 14 2VQE 8 - 120/, 2 - 57 stricken 7/1919
Himalaya (M67) 27/2/1892 // 8/1914 Caird, Greenock 6898 141.9x15.9 18 1VTE 8 - 120/ sold 4/1922
India (M81) 15/4/1896 // 3/1915 Caird, Greenock 7911 152.4x16.6 18 1VTE   sunk 8/8/1915
Kildonan Castle (MI74, MI34) 22/8/1899 // 3/1916 Fairfield, Govan 9652 157.1x18.0 16 2VQE 8 - 120/ stricken 1/1919
Kinfauns Castle (M64) 12/5/1899 // 8/1914 Fairfield, Govan 9664 157.1x18.0 16 2VQE 8 - 120/ stricken 9/1915
Laconia (M70, MI75) 27/7/1911 // 10/1914 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 18099 183.1x21.7 17 2VQE 8 - 152/ storeship 3/1916
Laurentic (M71) 10/9/1908 // 10/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 14892 167.8x20.5 16 3VTE/turbines 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 sunk 25/1/1917
Lusitania 7/6/1906 // 8/1914 John Brown, Clydebank 31550 232.3x26.8 25 4turbines   released 1914
Macedonia (M59, MI76) 9/7/1903 // 8/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 10511 161.7x18.4 18 2VQE 8 - 120/, later 8 - 152/ stricken 11/1918
Mantua (M51, MI77, MI40) 10/2/1909 // 8/1914 Caird, Greenock 10885 164.6x18.7 16.5 2VQE 8 - 120/, 2 - 57 stricken 12/1919
Marmora (M58, MI78, MI41) 9/4/1903 // 8/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 10509 161.7x18.4 17 2VQE 8 - 120/ sunk 23/7/1918
Mauretania (MI57) 20/9/1906 // 8/1914 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 31938 232.3x26.8 25 4turbines   released 1914, again in commission 1/1918 - 1919
Moldavia (MI64, MI79, MI42) 28/3/1903 // 11/1915 Caird, Greenock 9500 158.7x17.8 16.5 2VTE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 sunk 23/5/1918
Morea (MI80, MI43) 15/8/1908 // 3/1916 Barclay Curle, Whiteinch 10890 164.6x18.7 18 2VQE 4 - 152/ stricken 10/1919
Motagua (ex-Emil L. Boas) (MI84, MI81, MI44) 25/10/1912 // 11/1914 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 6014 125.2x15.6 16 2VTE 6 - 152/, 2 - 47 stricken 12/1919
Naldera (MI58) 29/12/1917 // 5/1918 Caird, Greenock 15825 177.2x20.5 18.5 2VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 3/1919
Narkunda (MI48) 25/4/1918 // --- Harland & Wolff, Belfast 16227 177.2x21.2 17 2VQE   conversion stopped 12/1918
Oceanic 14/1/1899 // 8/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 17274 209.0x20.8 19 2VTE 8 - 120/ wrecked 8/9/1914
Olympic (MI25) 20/10/1910 // --- Harland & Wolff, Belfast 46359 259.8x28.2 21 3VTE/turbines   taken up 1914 and released, taken up again 3/1917, never commissioned
Ophir (M92, MI82) 11/4/1891 // 1/1915 Napier, Govan 6910 141.7x16.3 18 2VTE 8 - 152/ sold 8/1921
Orama (M61) 28/6/1911 // 9/1914 John Brown, Clydebank 12927 167.9x19.6 18 3VTE/turbines 8 - 152/ sunk 19/10/1917
Orbita (MIA1, MI84, MI59) 7/7/1914 // 7/1915 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 15678 167.7x20.5 15 3VTE/turbines 6 - 152/ stricken 8/1919
Orcoma (M86, MI85, MI46) 2/4/1908 // 3/1915 Beardmore, Dalmuir 11533 155.9x19.0 15 2VQE 6 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 10/1919
Oropesa (M88) 29/11/1894 // 11/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 5317 128.3x14.9 15.5 2VTE 6 - 152/, 2 - 47 to France 12/1915-7/1917 (Champagne), sunk 9/10/1917
Orotava (M80, MI86, MI47) 15/6/1889 // 11/1914 Naval Constr & Armts, Barrow 5857 131.1x15.0 16.5 1VTE 5 - 152/, 2 - 57 troopship 1/1919
Orvieto (N76, MI25) 6/7/1909 // 5/1916 Workman Clark, Belfast 12130 163.2x19.5 18 2VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 10/1919
Osiris 6/6/1898 // 8/1914 Caird, Greenock 1728 91.6x11.3 22 2VTE   stricken 10/1914
Otranto (M60, MI87) 27/3/1909 // 8/1914 Workman Clark, Belfast 12124 163.2x19.5 18 2VQE 8 - 120/, later 8 - 152/ collision 5/10/1918
Otway (M73, MI88) 21/11/1908 // 11/1914 Fairfield, Govan 12077 163.4x19.3 18 2VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 sunk 23/7/1917
Patia (M76, MI89, MI48) 28/1/1913 // 11/1914 Workman Clark, Belfast 6103 127.2x16.2 14 2VTE 6 - 152/, 2 - 47 sunk 13/6/1918
Patuca (M77, MI90, MI49) 26/4/1913 // 11/1914 Workman Clark, Belfast 6103 127.2x16.2 14 2VTE 6 - 152/, 2 - 47 kite balloon ship 1917
Princess (MI57, MI91) 1905 // 1/1916 Germania, Kiel, Germany 8689 143.7x16.9 14.5 2VQE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 9/1917
Teutonic (M52, MI93, MI50) 19/1/1889 // 9/1914 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 9984 172.4x17.6 20 2VTE 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 BU 1922
Victorian (M56, MI94, MI51) 25/8/1904 // 8/1914 Workman Clark, Belfast 10629 158.5x18.4 18 3turbines 8 - 120/, later 6 - 152/ stricken 1/1920
Viknor (ex-The Viking) (M82) 22/9/1888 // 11/1914 Napier, Govan 5366 128.4x15.2 15 1VTE   sunk 18/1/1915
Virginian (M72, MI95, MI52) 22/12/1904 // 11/1914 Stephen, Linthouse 10754 158.6x18.4 18 3turbines 8 - 120/, 2 - 57, later 8 - 152/, 2 - 57 stricken 1/1920

Ship project history: merchant vessels converted to minesweepers.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service:  Format of date including day/month/year means loss of the vessel. Format of date containing month/year means return to owner or conversion to miscellaneous vessel. Alcantara was sunk 29/2/1916 in action with German AMC Greif in the North Sea. Avenger was sunk 14/6/1917 by German submarine U69 in the North Atlantic. Bayano was sunk 11/3/1915 by German submarine U27 off Corsewall Point, near Stranraer. Calgarian was sunk 1/3/1918 by German submarine U29 off Rathlin Island. Clan MacNaughton was mined 3/2/1915 in the North Atlantic. Hilary was sunk 25/5/1917 by German submarine U88 W of the Shetlands. India was sunk 8/8/1915 by German submarine U22 off Norway. Laurentic was mined 25/1/1917 off Northern Ireland. Marmora was sunk 23/7/1918 by German submarine UB64 S of Ireland. Moldavia was sunk 23/5/1918 by German submarine UB57 off Brighton. Oceanic wrecked 8/9/1914 on Foula, Shetlands. Orama was sunk 19/10/1917 by German submarine U62 S of Ireland. Oropesa was sunk 9/10/1917 by German submarine U96 off Dundrum Bay, County Down. Otranto was driven ashore 5/10/1918 off Islay after collision with s/s Kashmir. Otway was sunk 23/7/1917 by German submarine UC49 near Rona. Patia was sunk 13/6/1918 by German submarine UC49 in the Bristol Channel. Viknor was mined 18/1/1915 N of Ireland.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-10