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fighting ships of the world

OTTOMAN / TURKISH NAVY (OTTOMAN EMPIRE / TURKEY)

TORPEDO SHIPS

PEYK-İ ŞEVKET torpedo cruisers

Peyk-i Şevket 1908

Berk 1938

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Peyk-i Şevket, 1924- Peyk   Germaniawerft, Kiel, Germany 2/1906 15/11/1906 11/1907 decommissioned 1944, BU 1953
Berk-i Satvet, 1924- Berk   Germaniawerft, Kiel, Germany 2/1906 1/12/1906 11/1907 decommissioned 1945, BU 1953
  

Displacement normal, t

775

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

80.1 pp

Breadth, m

8.40

Draught, m

4.60

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 4 Marine (Schulz-Thornycroft) boilers

Power, h. p.

5100

Max speed, kts

21

Fuel, t

coal 244

Endurance, nm(kts) 3240(10)

Armament

2 x 1 - 105/40 SK L/40, 6 x 1 - 57/40 Krupp, 2 x 1 - 37/50 Krupp, 1 - 450 TT (bow), 2 x 1 - 450 TT

Complement

105

Ship project history: Fast torpedo gunboats; in Turkish Navy they officially were rated as torpedo cruisers. Successful ships, but because of strong machinery deterioration and unsatisfactory maintenance to WWI beginning they substantially lost battle efficiency. In particular, in 1915 Peik-i-Shevket could made only 18kts.

Modernizations: (1937-1938, Gölcük Tersane), Peyk: hull and superstructures were reconstructed; real speed was 18kts, endurance 2000(10)nm; - 2 x 1 - 105/40, 2 x 1 - 37/50, 1 - 450 TT (bow); + 2 x 1 - 88/45 SK L/45

(1937-1938, Gölcük Tersane), Berk: hull and superstructures were reconstructed; real speed was 18kts, endurance 2000(10)nm; - 2 x 1 - 105/40, 2 x 1 - 37/50, 1 - 450 TT (bow); + 2 x 1 - 88/45 SK L/45, 25 mines

Naval service: Berk-i-Satvet 2/1/1915 received serious damages on Russian mine. Peik-i-Shevket 6/8/1915 was torpedoed by British submarine E11; both ships were under repair till 1917. After First World War Peyk was laid up at Istanbul. In 1937-1938 both survived ships passed repair and modernization: superstructures were reconstructed, ship ends (new stem and transom stern) were altered. After that they were used as patrols and TSs though officially continued to be rated as torpedo cruisers. Both were handed over on demolition only in 1953-1955.

Peyk-i Şevket 1910

Peyk 1937

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© Ivan Gogin, 2011