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AVNİLLAH casemate ironclads (1870)


Avnillah as completed


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Avnillah     Thames Iron Wks, Blackwall, UK 1868 21.4.1869 1870 hulk 1910
Muin-i Zafer     Thames Iron Wks, Blackwall, UK 1868 6/1869 1870 hulk 1910

Technical data

Displacement normal, t2362
Displacement full, t 
Length, m71.9 oa 69.0 pp
Breadth, m11.0
Draught, m5.00 max
No of shafts1
Machinery1 HC, 4 rectangular boilers
Power, h. p.2200
Max speed, kts12
Fuel, tcoal 220
Endurance, nm(kts) 
Armour, mmiron; belt: 152 - 127, ends: 76, casemates: 127
Armament4 x 1 - 203/15 Armstrong 9-ton MLR

Standard scale images

Muin-i Zafer 1909
Muin-i Zafer 1909


Muin-i Zafer 1900s  
Muin-i Zafer 1900s  
Avnillah as completed
Avnillah as completed

Project history

Small, iron-hulled casemate ironclads with a ram bow, one funnel and two masts, and rigged as brigantines. There was a partial double bottom. The 4 229mm 12.5t Armstrong ML guns were in casemates on the main deck amidships. The sides were cut away so that each gun could fire both ahead and astern on restricted arcs. Both were reconstructed by Ansaldo between 1903 and 1906, when the ends were cut down and they were rearmed. They were reboilered with cyl boilers but retained their existing engines and armour. They received a CT and were fitted with a military mast amidships.

Ship protection: The complete wl belt was 152mm thick above lwl and 127mm thick below. It extended 1.1m below and 0.9m above lwl.


1882, both: + 2 x 1 - 87/22 RK L/24 C/82

(1903-1906, Ansaldo, Genoa, Italy), both: re-boilered with 2 cylindrical water-tube boilers, CT had 152mm sides; new armament consisted of 4 x 1 - 149/37 SK L/40 C/06, 6 x 1 - 75/37 SK L/40, 10 x 1 - 57/37 SK L/40 C/99, 2 x 1 - 47/37 SK L/40 C/99

1910, Avnillah: was armed with 4 x 1 - 57/37 SK L/40 C/99

1910, Muin-i Zafer: was armed with 2 x 1 - 75/37 SK L/40, 4 x 1 - 57/37 SK L/40 C/99

Naval service

Avnillah was hulked in 1910 and sunk 24.2.1912 by gunfire of Italian cruiser Garibaldi at Beirut. Muin-i Zafer become torpedo training hulk in 1913, barrack vessel in 1920 and submarine depot ship in 1928. She was stricken in 1932 and BU in 1934.

Avnillah as completed